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Chapter 16. PC Card
Due to this practice, FreeBSD drivers usually rely on numeric IDs for device identification. Using numeric IDs and a centralized database complicates adding IDs and support for cards to the system. One must carefully check to see who really made the card, especially when it appears that the vendor who made the card might already have a different manufacturer ID listed in the central database. Linksys, D-Link, and NetGear are a number of US manufacturers of LAN hardware that often sell the same design. These same designs can be sold in Japan under names such as Buffalo and Corega. Often, these devices will all have the same manufacturer and product IDs.
The PC Card bus code keeps a central database of card information, but not which driver is associated with them, in [.filename]#/sys/dev/pccard/pccarddevs#. It also provides a set of macros that allow one to easily construct simple entries in the table the driver uses to claim devices.
Format of [.filename]#pccarddevs#
/* Allied Telesis K.K. */
product ALLIEDTELESIS LA_PCM 0x0002 Allied Telesis LA-PCM
/* Archos */
product ARCHOS ARC_ATAPI 0x0043 MiniCD
The third section is like the previous vendor section, but with all of the manufacturer numeric IDs set to `-1`, meaning "match anything found" in the FreeBSD pccard bus code. Since these are C identifiers, their names must be unique. Otherwise the format is identical to the first section of the file.
static int
device_t dev;
const struct pccard_product *pp;
if ((pp = pccard_product_lookup(dev, wi_pccard_products,
sizeof(wi_pccard_products[0]), NULL)) != NULL) {
if (pp->pp_name != NULL)
device_set_desc(dev, pp->pp_name);
return (0);
return (ENXIO);
Looking at the table `wi_pccard_products`, one notices that all the entries are of the form `PCMCIA_CARD(_foo_, _bar_, _baz_)`. The _foo_ part is the manufacturer ID from [.filename]#pccarddevs#. The _bar_ part is the product ID. _baz_ is the expected function number for this card. Many pccards can have multiple functions, and some way to disambiguate function 1 from function 0 is needed. You may see `PCMCIA_CARD_D`, which includes the device description from [.filename]#pccarddevs#. You may also see `PCMCIA_CARD2` and `PCMCIA_CARD2_D` which are used when you need to match both CIS strings and manufacturer numbers, in the "use the default description" and "take the description from pccarddevs" flavors.
`manufacturer` and `product` are the numeric IDs for this product, while `cisvendor` and `cisproduct` are the product description strings from the CIS.