English French (fr_FR)
The [.filename]#hotkernel# script is designed to identify which function is using the most kernel time. It will produce output similar to the following:
# cd /usr/local/share/dtrace-toolkit
# ./hotkernel
Sampling... Hit Ctrl-C to end.
As instructed, use the kbd:[Ctrl+C] key combination to stop the process. Upon termination, the script will display a list of kernel functions and timing information, sorting the output in increasing order of time:
kernel`_thread_lock_flags 2 0.0%
0xc1097063 2 0.0%
kernel`sched_userret 2 0.0%
kernel`kern_select 2 0.0%
kernel`generic_copyin 3 0.0%
kernel`_mtx_assert 3 0.0%
kernel`vm_fault 3 0.0%
kernel`sopoll_generic 3 0.0%
kernel`fixup_filename 4 0.0%
kernel`_isitmyx 4 0.0%
kernel`find_instance 4 0.0%
kernel`_mtx_unlock_flags 5 0.0%
kernel`syscall 5 0.0%
kernel`DELAY 5 0.0%
0xc108a253 6 0.0%
kernel`witness_lock 7 0.0%
kernel`read_aux_data_no_wait 7 0.0%
kernel`Xint0x80_syscall 7 0.0%
kernel`witness_checkorder 7 0.0%
kernel`sse2_pagezero 8 0.0%
kernel`strncmp 9 0.0%
kernel`spinlock_exit 10 0.0%
kernel`_mtx_lock_flags 11 0.0%
kernel`witness_unlock 15 0.0%
kernel`sched_idletd 137 0.3%
0xc10981a5 42139 99.3%
This script will also work with kernel modules. To use this feature, run the script with `-m`:
# ./hotkernel -m
Sampling... Hit Ctrl-C to end.
^C
MODULE COUNT PCNT
0xc107882e 1 0.0%
0xc10e6aa4 1 0.0%
0xc1076983 1 0.0%
0xc109708a 1 0.0%
0xc1075a5d 1 0.0%
0xc1077325 1 0.0%
0xc108a245 1 0.0%
0xc107730d 1 0.0%
0xc1097063 2 0.0%
0xc108a253 73 0.0%
kernel 874 0.4%
0xc10981a5 213781 99.6%
The [.filename]#procsystime# script captures and prints the system call time usage for a given process `ID` (`PID`) or process name. In the following example, a new instance of [.filename]#/bin/csh# was spawned. Then, [.filename]#procsystime# was executed and remained waiting while a few commands were typed on the other incarnation of `csh`. These are the results of this test:
# ./procsystime -n csh
Tracing... Hit Ctrl-C to end...
^C
Elapsed Times for processes csh,
SYSCALL TIME (ns)
getpid 6131
sigreturn 8121
close 19127
fcntl 19959
dup 26955
setpgid 28070
stat 31899
setitimer 40938
wait4 62717
sigaction 67372
sigprocmask 119091
gettimeofday 183710
write 263242
execve 492547
ioctl 770073
vfork 3258923
sigsuspend 6985124
read 3988049784
As shown, the `read()` system call used the most time in nanoseconds while the `getpid()` system call used the least amount of time.