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Part V. Appendices
Appendix C. Resources on the Internet
Resources on the Internet 網路資源
The rapid pace of FreeBSD progress makes print media impractical as a means of following the latest developments. Electronic resources are the best, if not often the only, way to stay informed of the latest advances. Since FreeBSD is a volunteer effort, the user community itself also generally serves as a "technical support department" of sorts, with electronic mail, web forums, and USENET news being the most effective way of reaching that community.
The most important points of contact with the FreeBSD user community are outlined below. Please send other resources not mentioned here to the {freebsd-doc} so that they may also be included.
Websites 網站
https://forums.FreeBSD.org/[The FreeBSD Forums] provide a web based discussion forum for FreeBSD questions and technical discussion.
The http://www.youtube.com/bsdconferences[BSDConferences YouTube Channel] provides a collection of high quality videos from BSD conferences around the world. This is a great way to watch key developers give presentations about new work in FreeBSD.
Mailing Lists 郵遞論壇 (Mailing List)
The mailing lists are the most direct way of addressing questions or opening a technical discussion to a concentrated FreeBSD audience. There are a wide variety of lists on a number of different FreeBSD topics. Sending questions to the most appropriate mailing list will invariably assure a faster and more accurate response.
The charters for the various lists are given at the bottom of this document. _Please read the charter before joining or sending mail to any list_. Most list subscribers receive many hundreds of FreeBSD related messages every day, and the charters and rules for use are meant to keep the signal-to-noise ratio of the lists high. To do less would see the mailing lists ultimately fail as an effective communications medium for the Project.
_To test the ability to send email to FreeBSD lists, send a test message to {freebsd-test}._ Please do not send test messages to any other list.
When in doubt about what list to post a question to, see link:{freebsd-questions-article}[How to get best results from the FreeBSD-questions mailing list].
Before posting to any list, please learn about how to best use the mailing lists, such as how to help avoid frequently-repeated discussions, by reading the link:{mailing-list-faq}[Mailing List Frequently Asked Questions] (FAQ) document.
Archives are kept for all of the mailing lists and can be searched using the https://www.FreeBSD.org/search/[FreeBSD World Wide Web server]. The keyword searchable archive offers an excellent way of finding answers to frequently asked questions and should be consulted before posting a question. Note that this also means that messages sent to FreeBSD mailing lists are archived in perpetuity. When protecting privacy is a concern, consider using a disposable secondary email address and posting only public information.
List Summary 論壇摘要
_General lists:_ The following are general lists which anyone is free (and encouraged) to join:
| List
| Purpose

|link:{freebsd-advocacy-url}[freebsd-advocacy]
|FreeBSD Evangelism

|link:{freebsd-announce-url}[freebsd-announce]
|Important events and Project milestones (moderated)

|link:{freebsd-arch-url}[freebsd-arch]
|Architecture and design discussions

|link:{freebsd-bugbusters-url}[freebsd-bugbusters]
|Discussions pertaining to the maintenance of the FreeBSD problem report database and related tools

|link:{freebsd-bugs-url}[freebsd-bugs]
|Bug reports

|link:{freebsd-chat-url}[freebsd-chat]
|Non-technical items related to the FreeBSD community

|link:{freebsd-chromium-url}[freebsd-chromium]
|FreeBSD-specific Chromium issues

|link:{freebsd-current-url}[freebsd-current]
|Discussion concerning the use of FreeBSD-CURRENT

|link:{freebsd-isp-url}[freebsd-isp]
|Issues for Internet Service Providers using FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-jobs-url}[freebsd-jobs]
|FreeBSD employment and consulting opportunities

|link:{freebsd-quarterly-calls-url}[freebsd-quarterly-calls]
|Calls for quarterly status reports (moderated)

|link:{freebsd-questions-url}[freebsd-questions]
|User questions and technical support

|link:{freebsd-security-notifications-url}[freebsd-security-notifications]
|Security notifications (moderated)

|link:{freebsd-stable-url}[freebsd-stable]
|Discussion concerning the use of FreeBSD-STABLE

|link:{freebsd-test-url}[freebsd-test]
|Where to send test messages instead of to one of the actual lists

|link:{freebsd-women-url}[freebsd-women]
|FreeBSD advocacy for women
_Technical lists:_ The following lists are for technical discussion. Read the charter for each list carefully before joining or sending mail to one as there are firm guidelines for their use and content.
| List
| Purpose

|link:{freebsd-acpi-url}[freebsd-acpi]
|ACPI and power management development

|link:{freebsd-amd64-url}[freebsd-amd64]
|Porting FreeBSD to AMD64 systems (moderated)

|link:{freebsd-apache-url}[freebsd-apache]
|Discussion about Apache related ports

|link:{freebsd-arm-url}[freebsd-arm]
|Porting FreeBSD to ARM(R) processors

|link:{freebsd-atm-url}[freebsd-atm]
|Using ATM networking with FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-bluetooth-url}[freebsd-bluetooth]
|Using Bluetooth(R) technology in FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-cloud-url}[freebsd-cloud]
|FreeBSD on cloud platforms (EC2, GCE, Azure, etc.)

|link:{freebsd-cluster-url}[freebsd-cluster]
|Using FreeBSD in a clustered environment

|link:{freebsd-database-url}[freebsd-database]
|Discussing database use and development under FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-desktop-url}[freebsd-desktop]
|Using and improving FreeBSD on the desktop

|link:{dev-ci-url}[dev-ci]
|Build and test reports from the Continuous Integration servers

|link:{dev-reviews-url}[dev-reviews]
|Notifications of the FreeBSD review system

|link:{freebsd-doc-url}[freebsd-doc]
|Creating FreeBSD related documents

|link:{freebsd-drivers-url}[freebsd-drivers]
|Writing device drivers for FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-dtrace-url}[freebsd-dtrace]
|Using and working on DTrace in FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-eclipse-url}[freebsd-eclipse]
|FreeBSD users of Eclipse IDE, tools, rich client applications and ports.

|link:{freebsd-elastic-url}[freebsd-elastic]
|FreeBSD-specific ElasticSearch discussions

|link:{freebsd-embedded-url}[freebsd-embedded]
|Using FreeBSD in embedded applications

|link:{freebsd-eol-url}[freebsd-eol]
|Peer support of FreeBSD-related software that is no longer supported by the FreeBSD Project.

|link:{freebsd-emulation-url}[freebsd-emulation]
|Emulation of other systems such as Linux/MS-DOS(R)/Windows(R)

|link:{freebsd-enlightenment-url}[freebsd-enlightenment]
|Porting Enlightenment and Enlightenment applications

|link:{freebsd-erlang-url}[freebsd-erlang]
|FreeBSD-specific Erlang discussions

|link:{freebsd-firewire-url}[freebsd-firewire]
|FreeBSD FireWire(R) (iLink, IEEE 1394) technical discussion

|link:{freebsd-fortran-url}[freebsd-fortran]
|Fortran on FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-fs-url}[freebsd-fs]
|File systems

|link:{freebsd-games-url}[freebsd-games]
|Support for Games on FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-gecko-url}[freebsd-gecko]
|Gecko Rendering Engine issues

|link:{freebsd-geom-url}[freebsd-geom]
|GEOM-specific discussions and implementations

|link:{freebsd-git-url}[freebsd-git]
|Discussion of git use in the FreeBSD project

|link:{freebsd-gnome-url}[freebsd-gnome]
|Porting GNOME and GNOME applications

|link:{freebsd-hackers-url}[freebsd-hackers]
|General technical discussion

|link:{freebsd-haskell-url}[freebsd-haskell]
|FreeBSD-specific Haskell issues and discussions

|link:{freebsd-hardware-url}[freebsd-hardware]
|General discussion of hardware for running FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-i18n-url}[freebsd-i18n]
|FreeBSD Internationalization

|link:{freebsd-infiniband-url}[freebsd-infiniband]
|Infiniband on FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-ipfw-url}[freebsd-ipfw]
|Technical discussion concerning the redesign of the IP firewall code

|link:{freebsd-isdn-url}[freebsd-isdn]
|ISDN developers

|link:{freebsd-jail-url}[freebsd-jail]
|Discussion about the man:jail[8] facility

|link:{freebsd-java-url}[freebsd-java]
|Java(TM) developers and people porting JDK(TM)s to FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-kde-url}[freebsd-kde]
|Porting KDE and KDE applications

|link:{freebsd-lfs-url}[freebsd-lfs]
|Porting LFS to FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-mips-url}[freebsd-mips]
|Porting FreeBSD to MIPS(R)

|link:{freebsd-mono-url}[freebsd-mono]
|Mono and C# applications on FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-multimedia-url}[freebsd-multimedia]
|Multimedia applications

|link:{freebsd-new-bus-url}[freebsd-new-bus]
|Technical discussions about bus architecture

|link:{freebsd-net-url}[freebsd-net]
|Networking discussion and TCP/IP source code

|link:{freebsd-numerics-url}[freebsd-numerics]
|Discussions of high quality implementation of libm functions

|link:{freebsd-ocaml-url}[freebsd-ocaml]
|FreeBSD-specific OCaml discussions

|link:{freebsd-office-url}[freebsd-office]
|Office applications on FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-performance-url}[freebsd-performance]
|Performance tuning questions for high performance/load installations

|link:{freebsd-perl-url}[freebsd-perl]
|Maintenance of a number of Perl-related ports

|link:{freebsd-pf-url}[freebsd-pf]
|Discussion and questions about the packet filter firewall system

|link:{freebsd-pkg-url}[freebsd-pkg]
|Binary package management and package tools discussion

|link:{freebsd-pkg-fallout-url}[freebsd-pkg-fallout]
|Fallout logs from package building

|link:{freebsd-pkgbase-url}[freebsd-pkgbase]
|Packaging the FreeBSD base system

|link:{freebsd-platforms-url}[freebsd-platforms]
|Concerning ports to non Intel(R) architecture platforms

|link:{freebsd-ports-url}[freebsd-ports]
|Discussion of the Ports Collection

|link:{freebsd-ports-announce-url}[freebsd-ports-announce]
|Important news and instructions about the Ports Collection (moderated)

|link:{freebsd-ports-bugs-url}[freebsd-ports-bugs]
|Discussion of the ports bugs/PRs

|link:{freebsd-ppc-url}[freebsd-ppc]
|Porting FreeBSD to the PowerPC(R)

|link:{freebsd-proliant-url}[freebsd-proliant]
|Technical discussion of FreeBSD on HP ProLiant server platforms

|link:{freebsd-python-url}[freebsd-python]
|FreeBSD-specific Python issues

|link:{freebsd-rc-url}[freebsd-rc]
|Discussion related to the [.filename]#rc.d# system and its development

|link:{freebsd-realtime-url}[freebsd-realtime]
|Development of realtime extensions to FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-risc-url}[freebsd-risc]
|Porting FreeBSD to RISC-V(R) systems

|link:{freebsd-ruby-url}[freebsd-ruby]
|FreeBSD-specific Ruby discussions

|link:{freebsd-scsi-url}[freebsd-scsi]
|The SCSI subsystem

|link:{freebsd-security-url}[freebsd-security]
|Security issues affecting FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-snapshots-url}[freebsd-snapshots]
|FreeBSD Development Snapshot Announcements

|link:{freebsd-sparc64-url}[freebsd-sparc64]
|Porting FreeBSD to SPARC(R) based systems

|link:{freebsd-standards-url}[freebsd-standards]
|FreeBSD's conformance to the C99 and the POSIX(R) standards

|link:{freebsd-sysinstall-url}[freebsd-sysinstall]
|man:sysinstall[8] development

|link:{freebsd-tcltk-url}[freebsd-tcltk]
|FreeBSD-specific Tcl/Tk discussions

|link:{freebsd-testing-url}[freebsd-testing]
|Testing on FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-tex-url}[freebsd-tex]
|Porting TeX and its applications to FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-threads-url}[freebsd-threads]
|Threading in FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-tilera-url}[freebsd-tilera]
|Porting FreeBSD to the Tilera family of CPUs

|link:{freebsd-tokenring-url}[freebsd-tokenring]
|Support Token Ring in FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-toolchain-url}[freebsd-toolchain]
|Maintenance of FreeBSD's integrated toolchain

|link:{freebsd-translators-url}[freebsd-translators]
|Translating FreeBSD documents and programs

|link:{freebsd-transport-url}[freebsd-transport]
|Discussions of transport level network protocols in FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-usb-url}[freebsd-usb]
|Discussing FreeBSD support for USB

|link:{freebsd-virtualization-url}[freebsd-virtualization]
|Discussion of various virtualization techniques supported by FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-vuxml-url}[freebsd-vuxml]
|Discussion on VuXML infrastructure

|link:{freebsd-x11-url}[freebsd-x11]
|Maintenance and support of X11 on FreeBSD

|link:{freebsd-xen-url}[freebsd-xen]
|Discussion of the FreeBSD port to Xen(TM) - implementation and usage

|link:{freebsd-xfce-url}[freebsd-xfce]
|XFCE for FreeBSD - porting and maintaining

|link:{freebsd-zope-url}[freebsd-zope]
|Zope for FreeBSD - porting and maintaining