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Part I. Getting Started
Chapter 4. Installing Applications: Packages and Ports
Installing Applications: Packages and Ports
After reading this chapter, you will know:
The difference between binary packages and ports.
How to find third-party software that has been ported to FreeBSD.
How to manage binary packages using pkg.
How to build third-party software from source using the Ports Collection.
How to find the files installed with the application for post-installation configuration.
What to do if a software installation fails.
Overview of Software Installation
The typical steps for installing third-party software on a UNIX(R) system include:
Find and download the software, which might be distributed in source code format or as a binary.
Unpack the software from its distribution format. This is typically a tarball compressed with a program such as man:compress[1], man:gzip[1], man:bzip2[1] or man:xz[1].
Locate the documentation in [.filename]#INSTALL#, [.filename]#README# or some file in a [.filename]#doc/# subdirectory and read up on how to install the software.
If the software was distributed in source format, compile it. This may involve editing a [.filename]#Makefile# or running a `configure` script.
Test and install the software.
If the software has not already been adapted and tested on FreeBSD, the source code might need editing in order for it to install and run properly.
Packages can be manipulated with the FreeBSD package management commands.