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Context English Portuguese (Brazil) State
<year>2001</year> <year>2002</year> <year>2003</year> <holder>Networks Associates Technology, Inc.</holder> <year>2001</year> <year>2002</year> <year>2003</year> <holder>Networks Associates Technology, Inc.</holder>
<personname> <firstname>Dag-Erling</firstname> <surname>Smørgrav</surname> </personname> <contrib>Contributed by </contrib> <personname> <firstname>Dag-Erling</firstname> <surname>Smørgrav</surname> </personname> <contrib>Contributed by </contrib>
This article was written for the FreeBSD Project by ThinkSec AS and Network Associates Laboratories, the Security Research Division of Network Associates, Inc. under DARPA/SPAWAR contract N66001-01-C-8035 (<quote>CBOSS</quote>), as part of the DARPA CHATS research program. This article was written for the FreeBSD Project by ThinkSec AS and Network Associates Laboratories, the Security Research Division of Network Associates, Inc. under DARPA/SPAWAR contract N66001-01-C-8035 (<quote>CBOSS</quote>), as part of the DARPA CHATS research program.
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation. FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
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Motif, OSF/1, and UNIX are registered trademarks and IT DialTone and The Open Group are trademarks of The Open Group in the United States and other countries. Motif, OSF/1, and UNIX are registered trademarks and IT DialTone and The Open Group are trademarks of The Open Group in the United States and other countries.
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<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>whoami</userinput>
alice
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>ls -l `which su`</userinput>
-r-sr-xr-x 1 root wheel 10744 Dec 6 19:06 /usr/bin/su
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>su -</userinput>
Password: <userinput>xi3kiune</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> whoami
root
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>whoami</userinput>
alice
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>ls -l `which su`</userinput>
-r-sr-xr-x 1 root wheel 10744 Dec 6 19:06 /usr/bin/su
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>su -</userinput>
Password: <userinput>xi3kiune</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> whoami
root
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>whoami</userinput>
eve
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>ssh bob@login.example.com</userinput>
bob@login.example.com's password: <userinput>god</userinput>
Last login: Thu Oct 11 09:52:57 2001 from 192.168.0.1
Copyright (c) 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
FreeBSD 4.4-STABLE (LOGIN) #4: Tue Nov 27 18:10:34 PST 2001

Welcome to FreeBSD!
<prompt>%</prompt>
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>whoami</userinput>
eve
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>ssh bob@login.example.com</userinput>
bob@login.example.com's password: <userinput>god</userinput>
Last login: Thu Oct 11 09:52:57 2001 from 192.168.0.1
Copyright (c) 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
FreeBSD 4.4-STABLE (LOGIN) #4: Tue Nov 27 18:10:34 PST 2001

Welcome to FreeBSD!
<prompt>%</prompt>
sshd auth required pam_nologin.so no_warn
sshd auth required pam_unix.so no_warn try_first_pass
sshd account required pam_login_access.so
sshd account required pam_unix.so
sshd session required pam_lastlog.so no_fail
sshd password required pam_permit.so
sshd auth required pam_nologin.so no_warn
sshd auth required pam_unix.so no_warn try_first_pass
sshd account required pam_login_access.so
sshd account required pam_unix.so
sshd session required pam_lastlog.so no_fail
sshd password required pam_permit.so
<literal>session</literal> <literal>session</literal>
<literal>binding</literal> <literal>binding</literal>
<literal>required</literal> <literal>required</literal>
<literal>requisite</literal> <literal>requisite</literal>
<literal>sufficient</literal> <literal>sufficient</literal>
<literal>optional</literal> <literal>optional</literal>
login auth required pam_nologin.so no_warn login auth required pam_nologin.so no_warn
auth required pam_nologin.so no_warn auth required pam_nologin.so no_warn
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>cd /etc/pam.d</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ln -s su sudo</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>cd /etc/pam.d</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ln -s su sudo</userinput>
binding binding