Translation

(itstool) path: sect1/programlisting
# Log general information in error_log - change "info" to "debug" for
# troubleshooting...
LogLevel info

# Administrator user group...
SystemGroup wheel

# Listen for connections on Port 631.
Port 631
#Listen localhost:631
Listen /var/run/cups.sock

# Show shared printers on the local network.
Browsing On
BrowseOrder allow,deny
#BrowseAllow @LOCAL
BrowseAllow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
BrowseAddress 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings

# Default authentication type, when authentication is required...
DefaultAuthType Basic
DefaultEncryption Never # comment this line to allow encryption

# Allow access to the server from any machine on the LAN
<Location />
Order allow,deny
#Allow localhost
Allow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
</Location>

# Allow access to the admin pages from any machine on the LAN
<Location /admin>
#Encryption Required
Order allow,deny
#Allow localhost
Allow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
</Location>

# Allow access to configuration files from any machine on the LAN
<Location /admin/conf>
AuthType Basic
Require user @SYSTEM
Order allow,deny
#Allow localhost
Allow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
</Location>

# Set the default printer/job policies...
<Policy default>
# Job-related operations must be done by the owner or an administrator...
<Limit Send-Document Send-URI Hold-Job Release-Job Restart-Job Purge-Jobs \
Set-Job-Attributes Create-Job-Subscription Renew-Subscription Cancel-Subscription \
Get-Notifications Reprocess-Job Cancel-Current-Job Suspend-Current-Job Resume-Job \
CUPS-Move-Job>
Require user @OWNER @SYSTEM
Order deny,allow
</Limit>

# All administration operations require an administrator to authenticate...
<Limit Pause-Printer Resume-Printer Set-Printer-Attributes Enable-Printer \
Disable-Printer Pause-Printer-After-Current-Job Hold-New-Jobs Release-Held-New-Jobs \
Deactivate-Printer Activate-Printer Restart-Printer Shutdown-Printer Startup-Printer \
Promote-Job Schedule-Job-After CUPS-Add-Printer CUPS-Delete-Printer CUPS-Add-Class \
CUPS-Delete-Class CUPS-Accept-Jobs CUPS-Reject-Jobs CUPS-Set-Default>
AuthType Basic
Require user @SYSTEM
Order deny,allow
</Limit>

# Only the owner or an administrator can cancel or authenticate a job...
<Limit Cancel-Job CUPS-Authenticate-Job>
Require user @OWNER @SYSTEM
Order deny,allow
</Limit>

<Limit All>
Order deny,allow
</Limit>
</Policy>
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Context English Spanish State
Adding a printer is generally as easy as clicking <quote>Add Printer</quote> at the Administration screen of the <application>CUPS</application> web interface, or clicking one of the <quote>New Printers Found</quote> buttons also at the Administration screen. When presented with the <quote>Device</quote> drop-down box, simply select the desired locally-attached printer, and then continue through the process. If one has added the <package>print/gutenprint-cups</package> or <package>print/hplip</package> ports or packages as referenced above, then additional print drivers will be available in the subsequent screens that might provide more stability or features. Por lo general, añadir una impresora es tan fácil como hacer clic en <quote>Add Printer</quote> en la pantalla de Administración de la interfaz web de <application>CUPS</application>, o haciendo clic en uno de los botones <quote>New Printers Found</quote> también en la pantalla de Administración. Cuando se muestre el cuadro desplegable <quote>Device</quote>, simplemente seleccione la impresora local deseada y continúe con el proceso. Si usted ha agregado los ports o paquetes mencionados anteriormente <package>print/gutenprint-cups</package> o <package>print/hplip</package>, entonces, los controladores de impresión adicionales estarán disponibles en las siguientes pantallas pudiendo proporcionar más estabilidad o características.
Configuring CUPS Clients Configurando clientes de CUPS
Once the <application>CUPS</application> server has been configured and printers have been added and published to the network, the next step is to configure the clients, or the machines that are going to access the <application>CUPS</application> server. If one has a single desktop machine that is acting as both server and client, then much of this information may not be needed. Una vez haya sido configurado el servidor <application>CUPS</application> y se hayan agregado y publicado impresoras en la red, el siguiente paso es configurar los clientes o las máquinas que van a acceder al servidor <application>CUPS</application>. Si uno tiene una sola máquina de escritorio que actúa como servidor y como cliente, es posible que gran parte de esta información no sea necesaria.
<trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> Clients Clientes <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark>
<application>CUPS</application> will also need to be installed on your <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> clients. Once <application>CUPS</application> is installed on the clients, then <application>CUPS</application> printers that are shared across the network are often automatically discovered by the printer managers for various desktop environments such as <application>GNOME</application> or <application>KDE</application>. Alternatively, one can access the local <application>CUPS</application> interface on the client machine at <uri xlink:href="http://localhost:631">http://localhost:631</uri> and click on <quote>Add Printer</quote> in the Administration section. When presented with the <quote>Device</quote> drop-down box, simply select the networked <application>CUPS</application> printer, if it was automatically discovered, or select <literal>ipp</literal> or <literal>http</literal> and enter the <acronym>IPP</acronym> or <acronym>HTTP</acronym> <acronym>URI</acronym> of the networked <application>CUPS</application> printer, usually in one of the two following syntaxes: <application>CUPS</application> también tendrá que estar instalado en sus clientes <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark>. Una vez que <application>CUPS</application> ha sido instalado en los clientes, las impresoras <application>CUPS</application> que se encuentren compartidas en la red, a menudo son descubiertas de forma automática por los administradores de impresión de algunos escritorios como <application>GNOME</application> o <application>KDE</application>. Como alternativa, puede acceder a la interfaz local de <application>CUPS</application> en la máquina cliente en <uri xlink:href="http://localhost:631">http://localhost:631</uri> y hacer clic en <quote>Add Printer</quote> en la sección de Administración. Cuando se muestre el cuadro desplegable <quote>Device</quote>, simplemente seleccione la impresora <application>CUPS</application> en red si esta fue descubierta automáticamente, o seleccione <literal>ipp</literal> o <literal>http</literal> e introduzca el <acronym>IPP</acronym> o <acronym>HTTP</acronym> <acronym>URI</acronym> de la impresora <application>CUPS</application> en red, generalmente con la siguiente sintaxis:
ipp://<replaceable>server-name-or-ip</replaceable>/printers/<replaceable>printername</replaceable> ipp://<replaceable>server-name-or-ip</replaceable>/printers/<replaceable>printername</replaceable>
http://<replaceable>server-name-or-ip</replaceable>:631/printers/<replaceable>printername</replaceable> http://<replaceable>server-name-or-ip</replaceable>:631/printers/<replaceable>printername</replaceable>
If the <application>CUPS</application> clients have difficulty finding other <application>CUPS</application> printers shared across the network, sometimes it is helpful to add or create a file <filename>/usr/local/etc/cups/client.conf</filename> with a single entry as follows: Si los clientes de <application>CUPS</application> tienen dificultades para encontrar otras impresoras de <application>CUPS</application> compartidas en la red, a veces es útil agregar o crear un archivo <filename>/usr/local/etc/cups/client.conf</filename> con una sola línea como la que se muestra a continuación:
ServerName <replaceable>server-ip</replaceable> ServerName <replaceable>server-ip</replaceable>
In this case, <replaceable>server-ip</replaceable> would be replaced by the local <acronym>IP</acronym> address of the <application>CUPS</application> server on the network. En este caso, <replaceable>server-ip</replaceable> sería reemplazado por la dirección <acronym>IP</acronym> local del servidor <application>CUPS</application>.
<trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> Clients Clientes <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark>
Versions of <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> prior to XP did not have the capability to natively network with <acronym>IPP</acronym>-based printers. However, <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> XP and later versions do have this capability. Therefore, to add a <application>CUPS</application> printer in these versions of <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> is quite easy. Generally, the <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> administrator will run the <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> <literal>Add Printer</literal> wizard, select <literal>Network Printer</literal> and then enter the <acronym>URI</acronym> in the following syntax: Las versiones de <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> anteriores a XP no tienen la capacidad de conectarse por red de forma nativa con impresoras <acronym>IPP</acronym>. Sin embargo, <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> XP y posteriores si tienen esa capacidad. Por lo tanto, añadir impresoras <application>CUPS</application> en esas versiones de <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> es bastante fácil. Generalmente, el administrador de <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> ejecutará el Asistente para <literal>Agregar Impresoras</literal> de <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark>, seleccione <literal>Impresora de Red</literal> y luego inserte la <acronym>URI</acronym> siguiendo la siguiente sintaxis:
If one has an older version of <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> without native <acronym>IPP</acronym> printing support, then the general means of connecting to a <application>CUPS</application> printer is to use <package>net/samba410</package> and <application>CUPS</application> together, which is a topic outside the scope of this chapter. Si dispone de una versión antigua de <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> sin soporte nativo de impresión <acronym>IPP</acronym>, entonces la forma habitual de conectar una impresora a <application>CUPS</application> es usar <package>net/samba410</package> y <application>CUPS</application> juntos, pero eso es un tema fuera del alcance de este capítulo.
CUPS Troubleshooting Solución de problemas en CUPS
Difficulties with <application>CUPS</application> often lies in permissions. First, double check the <citerefentry><refentrytitle>devfs</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> permissions as outlined above. Next, check the actual permissions of the devices created in the file system. It is also helpful to make sure your user is a member of the <systemitem class="groupname">cups</systemitem> group. If the permissions check boxes in the Administration section of the <application>CUPS</application> web interface do not seem to be working, another fix might be to manually backup the main <application>CUPS</application> configuration file located at <filename>/usr/local/etc/cups/cupsd.conf</filename> and edit the various configuration options and try different combinations of configuration options. One sample <filename>/usr/local/etc/cups/cupsd.conf</filename> to test is listed below. Please note that this sample <filename>cupsd.conf</filename> sacrifices security for easier configuration; once the administrator successfully connects to the <application>CUPS</application> server and configures the clients, it is advisable to revisit this configuration file and begin locking down access. A menudo, las dificultades con <application>CUPS</application> radican en los permisos. Primero, verifique dos veces los permisos de <citerefentry><refentrytitle>devfs</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> como se ha descrito anteriormente. A continuación, verifique los permisos actuales de los dispositivos creados en el sistema de archivos. También es útil asegurarse de que su usuario sea miembro del grupo <systemitem class="groupname">cups</systemitem>. Si las casillas de verificación de los permisos en la sección de Administración de la interfaz web de <application>CUPS</application> parecen no funcionar, otra solución sería realizar una backup manual del archivo de configuración principal de <application>CUPS</application> ubicado en <filename>/usr/local/etc/cups/cupsd.conf</filename>, editar las opciones y probar diferentes combinaciones de configuración.
Un ejemplo de <filename>/usr/local/etc/cups/cupsd.conf</filename> para probar se muestra a continuación. Tenga en cuenta que el archivo de ejemplo <filename>cupsd.conf</filename> sacrifica la seguridad para facilitar la configuración; una vez que el administrador se conecte con éxito al servidor de <application>CUPS</application> y configure los clientes, es recomendable volver a editar este archivo de configuración y empezar a bloquear el acceso.
# Log general information in error_log - change "info" to "debug" for
# troubleshooting...
LogLevel info

# Administrator user group...
SystemGroup wheel

# Listen for connections on Port 631.
Port 631
#Listen localhost:631
Listen /var/run/cups.sock

# Show shared printers on the local network.
Browsing On
BrowseOrder allow,deny
#BrowseAllow @LOCAL
BrowseAllow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
BrowseAddress 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings

# Default authentication type, when authentication is required...
DefaultAuthType Basic
DefaultEncryption Never # comment this line to allow encryption

# Allow access to the server from any machine on the LAN
&lt;Location /&gt;
Order allow,deny
#Allow localhost
Allow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
&lt;/Location&gt;

# Allow access to the admin pages from any machine on the LAN
&lt;Location /admin&gt;
#Encryption Required
Order allow,deny
#Allow localhost
Allow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
&lt;/Location&gt;

# Allow access to configuration files from any machine on the LAN
&lt;Location /admin/conf&gt;
AuthType Basic
Require user @SYSTEM
Order allow,deny
#Allow localhost
Allow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
&lt;/Location&gt;

# Set the default printer/job policies...
&lt;Policy default&gt;
# Job-related operations must be done by the owner or an administrator...
&lt;Limit Send-Document Send-URI Hold-Job Release-Job Restart-Job Purge-Jobs \
Set-Job-Attributes Create-Job-Subscription Renew-Subscription Cancel-Subscription \
Get-Notifications Reprocess-Job Cancel-Current-Job Suspend-Current-Job Resume-Job \
CUPS-Move-Job&gt;
Require user @OWNER @SYSTEM
Order deny,allow
&lt;/Limit&gt;

# All administration operations require an administrator to authenticate...
&lt;Limit Pause-Printer Resume-Printer Set-Printer-Attributes Enable-Printer \
Disable-Printer Pause-Printer-After-Current-Job Hold-New-Jobs Release-Held-New-Jobs \
Deactivate-Printer Activate-Printer Restart-Printer Shutdown-Printer Startup-Printer \
Promote-Job Schedule-Job-After CUPS-Add-Printer CUPS-Delete-Printer CUPS-Add-Class \
CUPS-Delete-Class CUPS-Accept-Jobs CUPS-Reject-Jobs CUPS-Set-Default&gt;
AuthType Basic
Require user @SYSTEM
Order deny,allow
&lt;/Limit&gt;

# Only the owner or an administrator can cancel or authenticate a job...
&lt;Limit Cancel-Job CUPS-Authenticate-Job&gt;
Require user @OWNER @SYSTEM
Order deny,allow
&lt;/Limit&gt;

&lt;Limit All&gt;
Order deny,allow
&lt;/Limit&gt;
&lt;/Policy&gt;
# Registrar la información general en error_log - cambie "info" a "debug" para
#la resolución de problemas...
LogLevel info

# Administrador del grupo de usuarios...
SystemGroup wheel

# Escuchar las conexiones en el puerto 631.
Port 631
#Escuchar localhost:631
Listen /var/run/cups.sock

# Mostrar impresoras compartidas en la red local.
Browsing On
BrowseOrder allow,deny
#BrowseAllow @LOCAL
BrowseAllow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
BrowseAddress 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings

# Tipo de autenticación predeterminado, cuando se requiere autenticación...
DefaultAuthType Basic
DefaultEncryption Never # comenta esta línea para permitir el cifrado

# Permitir el acceso al servidor desde cualquier máquina en la LAN
&lt;Location /&gt;
Order allow,deny
#Permitir localhost
Allow 192.168.1.* # cambiar a la configuración de LAN local
&lt;/Location&gt;

# Permitir el acceso a las páginas de administración desde cualquier máquina en la LAN
&lt;Location /admin&gt;
#Cifrado requerido
Order allow,deny
#Permitir localhost
Allow 192.168.1.* # cambiar a la configuración de LAN local
&lt;/Location&gt;

# Permitir el acceso a los archivos de configuración desde cualquier máquina en la LAN
&lt;Location /admin/conf&gt;
AuthType Basic
Require user @SYSTEM
Order allow,deny
#Permitir localhost
Allow 192.168.1.* # cambiar a la configuración de LAN local
&lt;/Location&gt;

# Establece las políticas predeterminadas de impresora/trabajo...
&lt;Policy default&gt;
# Las operaciones relacionadas con un job deben ser realizadas por el propietario o un administrador...
&lt;Limit Send-Document Send-URI Hold-Job Release-Job Restart-Job Purge-Jobs \
Set-Job-Attributes Create-Job-Subscription Renew-Subscription Cancel-Subscription \
Get-Notifications Reprocess-Job Cancel-Current-Job Suspend-Current-Job Resume-Job \
CUPS-Move-Job&gt;
Require user @OWNER @SYSTEM
Order deny,allow
&lt;/Limit&gt;

# Todas las operaciones de administración requieren de un administrador para autenticarse...
&lt;Limit Pause-Printer Resume-Printer Set-Printer-Attributes Enable-Printer \
Disable-Printer Pause-Printer-After-Current-Job Hold-New-Jobs Release-Held-New-Jobs \
Deactivate-Printer Activate-Printer Restart-Printer Shutdown-Printer Startup-Printer \
Promote-Job Schedule-Job-After CUPS-Add-Printer CUPS-Delete-Printer CUPS-Add-Class \
CUPS-Delete-Class CUPS-Accept-Jobs CUPS-Reject-Jobs CUPS-Set-Default&gt;
AuthType Basic
Require user @SYSTEM
Order deny,allow
&lt;/Limit&gt;

# Solo el propietario o un administrador puede cancelar o autenticar un job...
&lt;Limit Cancel-Job CUPS-Authenticate-Job&gt;
Require user @OWNER @SYSTEM
Order deny,allow
&lt;/Limit&gt;

&lt;Limit All&gt;
Order deny,allow
&lt;/Limit&gt;
&lt;/Policy&gt;

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Source string comment
(itstool) path: sect1/programlisting
Flags
no-wrap
Source string location
article.translate.xml:288
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
articles/es_ES/cups.po, string 48