Translation

(itstool) path: sect1/programlisting

# Log general information in error_log - change "info" to "debug" for
# troubleshooting...
LogLevel info

# Administrator user group...
SystemGroup wheel

# Listen for connections on Port 631.
Port 631
#Listen localhost:631
Listen /var/run/cups.sock

# Show shared printers on the local network.
Browsing On
BrowseOrder allow,deny
#BrowseAllow @LOCAL
BrowseAllow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
BrowseAddress 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings

# Default authentication type, when authentication is required...
DefaultAuthType Basic
DefaultEncryption Never # comment this line to allow encryption

# Allow access to the server from any machine on the LAN
<Location />
Order allow,deny
#Allow localhost
Allow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
</Location>

# Allow access to the admin pages from any machine on the LAN
<Location /admin>
#Encryption Required
Order allow,deny
#Allow localhost
Allow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
</Location>

# Allow access to configuration files from any machine on the LAN
<Location /admin/conf>
AuthType Basic
Require user @SYSTEM
Order allow,deny
#Allow localhost
Allow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
</Location>

# Set the default printer/job policies...
<Policy default>
# Job-related operations must be done by the owner or an administrator...
<Limit Send-Document Send-URI Hold-Job Release-Job Restart-Job Purge-Jobs \
Set-Job-Attributes Create-Job-Subscription Renew-Subscription Cancel-Subscription \
Get-Notifications Reprocess-Job Cancel-Current-Job Suspend-Current-Job Resume-Job \
CUPS-Move-Job>
Require user @OWNER @SYSTEM
Order deny,allow
</Limit>

# All administration operations require an administrator to authenticate...
<Limit Pause-Printer Resume-Printer Set-Printer-Attributes Enable-Printer \
Disable-Printer Pause-Printer-After-Current-Job Hold-New-Jobs Release-Held-New-Jobs \
Deactivate-Printer Activate-Printer Restart-Printer Shutdown-Printer Startup-Printer \
Promote-Job Schedule-Job-After CUPS-Add-Printer CUPS-Delete-Printer CUPS-Add-Class \
CUPS-Delete-Class CUPS-Accept-Jobs CUPS-Reject-Jobs CUPS-Set-Default>
AuthType Basic
Require user @SYSTEM
Order deny,allow
</Limit>

# Only the owner or an administrator can cancel or authenticate a job...
<Limit Cancel-Job CUPS-Authenticate-Job>
Require user @OWNER @SYSTEM
Order deny,allow
</Limit>

<Limit All>
Order deny,allow
</Limit>
</Policy>
2581/25810
Context English Portuguese (Brazil) State
Adding a printer is generally as easy as clicking <quote>Add Printer</quote> at the Administration screen of the <application>CUPS</application> web interface, or clicking one of the <quote>New Printers Found</quote> buttons also at the Administration screen. When presented with the <quote>Device</quote> drop-down box, simply select the desired locally-attached printer, and then continue through the process. If one has added the <package>print/gutenprint-cups</package> or <package>print/hplip</package> ports or packages as referenced above, then additional print drivers will be available in the subsequent screens that might provide more stability or features. Adicionar uma impressora geralmente é tão fácil quanto clicar em <quote>Adicionar impressora</quote> na tela Administração da interface Web do <application>CUPS</application> ou clicar em um dos botões <quote>Novas impressoras encontradas</quote> também na tela Administração. Quando for apresentada a caixa suspensa <quote>Device</quote>, basta selecionar a impressora conectada localmente a qual você deseja utilizar e continuar o processo. Se você adicionou os aplicativos <package>print/gutenprint-cups</package> e/ou <package>print/hplip</package> via ports ou pacotes conforme mencionado acima, os drivers de impressão adicionais estarão disponíveis nas telas subsequentes, eles lhe fornecer mais estabilidade ou mais recursos.
Configuring CUPS Clients Configurando clientes CUPS
Once the <application>CUPS</application> server has been configured and printers have been added and published to the network, the next step is to configure the clients, or the machines that are going to access the <application>CUPS</application> server. If one has a single desktop machine that is acting as both server and client, then much of this information may not be needed. Depois que o servidor <application>CUPS</application> tiver sido configurado e as impressoras tiverem sido adicionadas e publicadas na rede, a próxima etapa será configurar os clientes ou as máquinas que acessarão o servidor <application>CUPS</application>. Se alguém tiver uma única máquina desktop atuando como servidor e cliente, muitas dessas informações podem não ser necessárias.
<trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> Clients Clientes <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark>
<application>CUPS</application> will also need to be installed on your <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> clients. Once <application>CUPS</application> is installed on the clients, then <application>CUPS</application> printers that are shared across the network are often automatically discovered by the printer managers for various desktop environments such as <application>GNOME</application> or <application>KDE</application>. Alternatively, one can access the local <application>CUPS</application> interface on the client machine at <uri xlink:href="http://localhost:631">http://localhost:631</uri> and click on <quote>Add Printer</quote> in the Administration section. When presented with the <quote>Device</quote> drop-down box, simply select the networked <application>CUPS</application> printer, if it was automatically discovered, or select <literal>ipp</literal> or <literal>http</literal> and enter the <acronym>IPP</acronym> or <acronym>HTTP</acronym> <acronym>URI</acronym> of the networked <application>CUPS</application> printer, usually in one of the two following syntaxes: O <application>CUPS</application> também precisará ser instalado em seus clientes <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark>. Depois que o <application>CUPS</application> é instalado nos clientes, as impressoras <application> CUPS</application> compartilhadas na rede geralmente são descobertas automaticamente pelos gerenciadores de impressoras de vários ambientes de desktop, como <application>GNOME</application> ou <application>KDE</application>. Como alternativa, pode-se acessar a interface local do <application>CUPS</application> na máquina cliente em <uri xlink:href="http://localhost:631">http://localhost:631</uri> e clicar em em <quote>Adicionar impressora</quote> na seção Administração. Quando visualizar a caixa suspensa <quote>Device</quote>, simplesmente selecione a impressora <application>CUPS</application> em rede, se ela foi descoberta automaticamente, ou selecione <literal>ipp</literal> ou <literal>http</literal> e digite o <acronym>IPP</acronym> ou <acronym>HTTP</acronym><acronym>URI</acronym> da impressora <application>CUPS</application> em rede, geralmente em um das duas seguintes sintaxes:
ipp://<replaceable>server-name-or-ip</replaceable>/printers/<replaceable>printername</replaceable> ipp://<replaceable>server-name-or-ip</replaceable>/printers/<replaceable>printername</replaceable>
http://<replaceable>server-name-or-ip</replaceable>:631/printers/<replaceable>printername</replaceable> http://<replaceable>server-name-or-ip</replaceable>:631/printers/<replaceable>printername</replaceable>
If the <application>CUPS</application> clients have difficulty finding other <application>CUPS</application> printers shared across the network, sometimes it is helpful to add or create a file <filename>/usr/local/etc/cups/client.conf</filename> with a single entry as follows: Se os clientes <application>CUPS</application> tiverem dificuldade para localizar outras impressoras <application>CUPS</application> compartilhadas na rede, às vezes é útil adicionar ou criar um arquivo <filename>/usr/local/etc/cups/client.conf</filename> com uma única entrada da seguinte forma:
ServerName <replaceable>server-ip</replaceable> ServerName <replaceable>server-ip</replaceable>
In this case, <replaceable>server-ip</replaceable> would be replaced by the local <acronym>IP</acronym> address of the <application>CUPS</application> server on the network. Nesse caso, <replaceable>server-ip</replaceable> seria substituído pelo endereço <acronym>IP</acronym> local do servidor <application>CUPS</application> na rede.
<trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> Clients Clientes <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark>
Versions of <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> prior to XP did not have the capability to natively network with <acronym>IPP</acronym>-based printers. However, <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> XP and later versions do have this capability. Therefore, to add a <application>CUPS</application> printer in these versions of <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> is quite easy. Generally, the <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> administrator will run the <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> <literal>Add Printer</literal> wizard, select <literal>Network Printer</literal> and then enter the <acronym>URI</acronym> in the following syntax: As versões do <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> anteriores ao XP não tinham a capacidade utilizar impressoras em rede baseadas no protocolo <acronym>IPP</acronym>. No entanto, o <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> XP e as versões posteriores têm essa capacidade. Portanto, adicionar uma impressora no <application>CUPS</application> nessas versões do <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> é muito fácil. Geralmente, o administrador <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> deverá executar o assistente do <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> <literal>Adicionar impressora </literal>, e selecionar <literal>Impressora de rede</literal> e, em seguida, inserir o <acronym>URI</acronym> na seguinte sintaxe:
If one has an older version of <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> without native <acronym>IPP</acronym> printing support, then the general means of connecting to a <application>CUPS</application> printer is to use <package>net/samba410</package> and <application>CUPS</application> together, which is a topic outside the scope of this chapter. Se alguém tiver uma versão mais antiga do <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> sem suporte a impressão nativa <acronym>IPP</acronym>, o meio geral de se conectar a uma impressora no <application>CUPS</application> é usar o software <package>net/samba410 </package> e o <application>CUPS</application> juntos, o que é um tópico fora do escopo deste artigo.
CUPS Troubleshooting Solução de problemas do CUPS
Difficulties with <application>CUPS</application> often lies in permissions. First, double check the <citerefentry><refentrytitle>devfs</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> permissions as outlined above. Next, check the actual permissions of the devices created in the file system. It is also helpful to make sure your user is a member of the <systemitem class="groupname">cups</systemitem> group. If the permissions check boxes in the Administration section of the <application>CUPS</application> web interface do not seem to be working, another fix might be to manually backup the main <application>CUPS</application> configuration file located at <filename>/usr/local/etc/cups/cupsd.conf</filename> and edit the various configuration options and try different combinations of configuration options. One sample <filename>/usr/local/etc/cups/cupsd.conf</filename> to test is listed below. Please note that this sample <filename>cupsd.conf</filename> sacrifices security for easier configuration; once the administrator successfully connects to the <application>CUPS</application> server and configures the clients, it is advisable to revisit this configuration file and begin locking down access. A maior parte dos problemas que ocorrem com o <application>CUPS</application> estão geralmente associados a problemas de permissão. Primeiro, verifique novamente as permissões do <citerefentry><refentrytitle>devfs</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> conforme descrito acima. Em seguida, verifique as permissões reais dos dispositivos criados no sistema de arquivos. Também é útil certificar-se de que seu usuário é membro do grupo <systemitem class="groupname">cups</systemitem>. Se as caixas de seleção de permissões na seção Administração da interface Web do <application>CUPS</application> não estiverem funcionando, outra correção poderá ser o backup manual do arquivo de configuração principal do <application>CUPS</application> localizado em <filename>/usr/local/etc/cups/cupsd.conf</filename> e edite as várias opções de configuração e experimente diferentes combinações de opções de configuração. Um exemplo do <filename>/usr/local/etc/cups/cupsd.conf</filename> para testar está listado abaixo. Por favor note que este exemplo de arquivo <filename>cupsd.conf</filename> sacrifica a segurança para facilitar a configuração; Depois que o administrador se conectar com êxito ao servidor do <application>CUPS</application> e configurar os clientes, é aconselhável revisitar esse arquivo de configuração para começar a fechar o acesso.
# Log general information in error_log - change "info" to "debug" for
# troubleshooting...
LogLevel info

# Administrator user group...
SystemGroup wheel

# Listen for connections on Port 631.
Port 631
#Listen localhost:631
Listen /var/run/cups.sock

# Show shared printers on the local network.
Browsing On
BrowseOrder allow,deny
#BrowseAllow @LOCAL
BrowseAllow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
BrowseAddress 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings

# Default authentication type, when authentication is required...
DefaultAuthType Basic
DefaultEncryption Never # comment this line to allow encryption

# Allow access to the server from any machine on the LAN
&lt;Location /&gt;
Order allow,deny
#Allow localhost
Allow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
&lt;/Location&gt;

# Allow access to the admin pages from any machine on the LAN
&lt;Location /admin&gt;
#Encryption Required
Order allow,deny
#Allow localhost
Allow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
&lt;/Location&gt;

# Allow access to configuration files from any machine on the LAN
&lt;Location /admin/conf&gt;
AuthType Basic
Require user @SYSTEM
Order allow,deny
#Allow localhost
Allow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
&lt;/Location&gt;

# Set the default printer/job policies...
&lt;Policy default&gt;
# Job-related operations must be done by the owner or an administrator...
&lt;Limit Send-Document Send-URI Hold-Job Release-Job Restart-Job Purge-Jobs \
Set-Job-Attributes Create-Job-Subscription Renew-Subscription Cancel-Subscription \
Get-Notifications Reprocess-Job Cancel-Current-Job Suspend-Current-Job Resume-Job \
CUPS-Move-Job&gt;
Require user @OWNER @SYSTEM
Order deny,allow
&lt;/Limit&gt;

# All administration operations require an administrator to authenticate...
&lt;Limit Pause-Printer Resume-Printer Set-Printer-Attributes Enable-Printer \
Disable-Printer Pause-Printer-After-Current-Job Hold-New-Jobs Release-Held-New-Jobs \
Deactivate-Printer Activate-Printer Restart-Printer Shutdown-Printer Startup-Printer \
Promote-Job Schedule-Job-After CUPS-Add-Printer CUPS-Delete-Printer CUPS-Add-Class \
CUPS-Delete-Class CUPS-Accept-Jobs CUPS-Reject-Jobs CUPS-Set-Default&gt;
AuthType Basic
Require user @SYSTEM
Order deny,allow
&lt;/Limit&gt;

# Only the owner or an administrator can cancel or authenticate a job...
&lt;Limit Cancel-Job CUPS-Authenticate-Job&gt;
Require user @OWNER @SYSTEM
Order deny,allow
&lt;/Limit&gt;

&lt;Limit All&gt;
Order deny,allow
&lt;/Limit&gt;
&lt;/Policy&gt;
# Log general information in error_log - change "info" to "debug" for
# troubleshooting...
LogLevel info

# Administrator user group...
SystemGroup wheel

# Listen for connections on Port 631.
Port 631
#Listen localhost:631
Listen /var/run/cups.sock

# Show shared printers on the local network.
Browsing On
BrowseOrder allow,deny
#BrowseAllow @LOCAL
BrowseAllow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
BrowseAddress 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings

# Default authentication type, when authentication is required...
DefaultAuthType Basic
DefaultEncryption Never # comment this line to allow encryption

# Allow access to the server from any machine on the LAN
&lt;Location /&gt;
Order allow,deny
#Allow localhost
Allow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
&lt;/Location&gt;

# Allow access to the admin pages from any machine on the LAN
&lt;Location /admin&gt;
#Encryption Required
Order allow,deny
#Allow localhost
Allow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
&lt;/Location&gt;

# Allow access to configuration files from any machine on the LAN
&lt;Location /admin/conf&gt;
AuthType Basic
Require user @SYSTEM
Order allow,deny
#Allow localhost
Allow 192.168.1.* # change to local LAN settings
&lt;/Location&gt;

# Set the default printer/job policies...
&lt;Policy default&gt;
# Job-related operations must be done by the owner or an administrator...
&lt;Limit Send-Document Send-URI Hold-Job Release-Job Restart-Job Purge-Jobs \
Set-Job-Attributes Create-Job-Subscription Renew-Subscription Cancel-Subscription \
Get-Notifications Reprocess-Job Cancel-Current-Job Suspend-Current-Job Resume-Job \
CUPS-Move-Job&gt;
Require user @OWNER @SYSTEM
Order deny,allow
&lt;/Limit&gt;

# All administration operations require an administrator to authenticate...
&lt;Limit Pause-Printer Resume-Printer Set-Printer-Attributes Enable-Printer \
Disable-Printer Pause-Printer-After-Current-Job Hold-New-Jobs Release-Held-New-Jobs \
Deactivate-Printer Activate-Printer Restart-Printer Shutdown-Printer Startup-Printer \
Promote-Job Schedule-Job-After CUPS-Add-Printer CUPS-Delete-Printer CUPS-Add-Class \
CUPS-Delete-Class CUPS-Accept-Jobs CUPS-Reject-Jobs CUPS-Set-Default&gt;
AuthType Basic
Require user @SYSTEM
Order deny,allow
&lt;/Limit&gt;

# Only the owner or an administrator can cancel or authenticate a job...
&lt;Limit Cancel-Job CUPS-Authenticate-Job&gt;
Require user @OWNER @SYSTEM
Order deny,allow
&lt;/Limit&gt;

&lt;Limit All&gt;
Order deny,allow
&lt;/Limit&gt;
&lt;/Policy&gt;

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(itstool) path: sect1/programlisting

Flags
no-wrap
Source string location
article.translate.xml:288
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
articles/pt_BR/cups.po, string 48