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FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Adobe, Acrobat, Acrobat Reader, Flash and PostScript are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries.
Apple, AirPort, FireWire, iMac, iPhone, iPad, Mac, Macintosh, Mac OS, Quicktime, and TrueType are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.
Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.
Microsoft, IntelliMouse, MS-DOS, Outlook, Windows, Windows Media and Windows NT are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
Motif, OSF/1, and UNIX are registered trademarks and IT DialTone and The Open Group are trademarks of The Open Group in the United States and other countries.
Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
This document contains a description of the various font files that may be used with FreeBSD and the syscons driver, <application>X11</application>, <application>Ghostscript</application> and <application>Groff</application>. Cookbook examples are provided for switching the syscons display to 80x60 mode, and for using type 1 fonts with the above application programs.
Introduction
There are many sources of fonts available, and one might ask how they might be used with FreeBSD. The answer can be found by carefully searching the documentation for the component that one would like to use. This is very time consuming, so this tutorial is an attempt to provide a shortcut for others who might be interested.
Basic Terminology
There are many different font formats and associated font file suffixes. A few that will be addressed here are:
<filename>.pfa</filename>, <filename>.pfb</filename>
<trademark class="registered">PostScript</trademark> type 1 fonts. The <filename>.pfa</filename> is the <emphasis>A</emphasis>scii form and <filename>.pfb</filename> the <emphasis>B</emphasis>inary form.
<filename>.afm</filename>
The font metrics associated with a type 1 font.
<filename>.pfm</filename>
The printer font metrics associated with a type 1 font.
<filename>.ttf</filename>
A <trademark class="registered">TrueType</trademark> font
<filename>.fot</filename>
An indirect reference to a TrueType font (not an actual font)
<filename>.fon</filename>, <filename>.fnt</filename>
Bitmapped screen fonts
The <filename>.fot</filename> is used by <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> as sort of a symbolic link to the actual <trademark class="registered">TrueType</trademark> font (<filename>.ttf</filename>) file. The <filename>.fon</filename> font files are also used by Windows. I know of no way to use this font format with FreeBSD.
What Font Formats Can I Use?
Which font file format is useful depends on the application being used. FreeBSD by itself uses no fonts. Application programs and/or drivers may make use of the font files. Here is a small cross reference of application/driver to the font type suffixes:
Driver
vt
<filename>.hex</filename>
syscons

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(itstool) path: listitem/para

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read-only
Source string location
article.translate.xml:125
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a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
articles/fonts.pot, string 23