Translation

(itstool) path: legalnotice/para
Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote></quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
315/3150
Context English Spanish State
_ translator-credits Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Independent Verification of IPsec Functionality in FreeBSD Verificación independiente de la funcionalidad de IPsec en FreeBSD
<email>honig@sprynet.com</email> <email>honig@sprynet.com</email>
<personname><firstname>David</firstname><surname>Honig</surname></personname><affiliation> <_:address-1/> </affiliation> <personname><firstname>David</firstname><surname>Honig</surname></personname><affiliation> <_:address-1/> </affiliation>
1999-05-03 1999-05-03
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation. FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Motif, OSF/1, and UNIX are registered trademarks and IT DialTone and The Open Group are trademarks of The Open Group in the United States and other countries. Motif, OSF/1, and UNIX are registered trademarks and IT DialTone and The Open Group are trademarks of The Open Group in the United States and other countries.
Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol. Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
$FreeBSD: head/en_US.ISO8859-1/articles/ipsec-must/article.xml 52227 2018-09-06 01:30:47Z ebrandi $ $FreeBSD$
You installed IPsec and it seems to be working. How do you know? I describe a method for experimentally verifying that IPsec is working. Instaló IPsec y parece estar funcionando. ¿Cómo lo sabe? Describo un método para verificar de forma experimental que IPsec está funcionando.
The Problem El problema
First, lets assume you have <link linkend="ipsec-install"> installed <emphasis>IPsec</emphasis></link>. How do you know it is <link linkend="caveat">working</link>? Sure, your connection will not work if it is misconfigured, and it will work when you finally get it right. <citerefentry><refentrytitle>netstat</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> will list it. But can you independently confirm it? Primero, asumamos que ha <link linkend="ipsec-install">instalado <emphasis>IPsec</emphasis></link>. ¿Cómo sabe que está <link linkend="caveat">funcionando</link>? Claro, su conexión no funcionará si está mal configurada, y funcionará cuando finalmente lo haga bien. <citerefentry><refentrytitle>netstat</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> la listará. ¿Pero puede confirmarlo de forma independiente?
The Solution La solución
First, some crypto-relevant info theory: Primero, alguna información teórica relevante sobre criptografía:
Encrypted data is uniformly distributed, i.e., has maximal entropy per symbol; Los datos cifrados se distribuyen uniformemente, es decir, tienen una entropía máxima por símbolo;
Raw, uncompressed data is typically redundant, i.e., has sub-maximal entropy. Los datos sin procesar y sin comprimir suelen ser redundantes, es decir, tienen una entropía submáxima.
Suppose you could measure the entropy of the data to- and from- your network interface. Then you could see the difference between unencrypted data and encrypted data. This would be true even if some of the data in <quote>encrypted mode</quote> was not encrypted---as the outermost IP header must be if the packet is to be routable. Suponga que usted pudiera medir la entropía de los datos que van hacia -y desde- su interfaz de red. Entonces podría ver la diferencia entre los datos no cifrados y los cifrados. Esto sería verdad incluso si algunos de los datos en <quote>modo cifrado</quote> no lo estuvieran---ya que el encabezado IP más externo debe estarlo para que el paquete sea enrutable.
MUST MUST
Ueli Maurer's <quote>Universal Statistical Test for Random Bit Generators</quote>(<link xlink:href="https://web.archive.org/web/20011115002319/http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/Code/4704/universal.pdf"> <acronym>MUST</acronym></link>) quickly measures the entropy of a sample. It uses a compression-like algorithm. <link linkend="code">The code is given below</link> for a variant which measures successive (~quarter megabyte) chunks of a file. El <quote>Universal Statistical Test for Random Bit Generators</quote> (<link xlink:href="https://web.archive.org/web/20011115002319/http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/Code/4704/universal.pdf"><acronym>MUST</acronym></link>) de Ueli Maurer mide rápidamente la entropía de una muestra. Utiliza un algoritmo de compresión. <link linkend="code">El código se proporciona a continuación</link> para una variante que mide partes sucesivas (~cuarto de megabyte) de un archivo
Tcpdump Tcpdump
We also need a way to capture the raw network data. A program called <citerefentry><refentrytitle>tcpdump</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> lets you do this, if you have enabled the <emphasis>Berkeley Packet Filter</emphasis> interface in your <link linkend="kernel">kernel's config file</link>. También necesitamos una forma de capturar los datos de red sin procesar. Un programa llamado <citerefentry><refentrytitle>tcpdump</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> le permite hacerlo, si tiene habilitada la interfaz de <emphasis>Berkeley Packet Filter</emphasis> en el <link linkend="kernel">archivo de configuración de su kernel</link>.
The command: El comando:
<userinput>tcpdump -c 4000 -s 10000 -w <replaceable>dumpfile.bin</replaceable></userinput> <userinput>tcpdump -c 4000 -s 10000 -w <replaceable>dumpfile.bin</replaceable></userinput>
ComponentTranslation
This translation Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_ipsec-must Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
The following strings have the same context and source.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_bsdl-gpl Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_cups Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_fonts Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-questions Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-update-server Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_gjournal-desktop Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_new-users Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_rc-scripting
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_committers-guide Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_contributing Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_contributors Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_ldap-auth Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_linux-emulation Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_pam Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_linux-users Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-releng Muchas de las denominaciones utilizadas por los fabricantes y vendedores para distinguir sus productos se declaran como marcas comerciales. Ahí donde aparezcan esas denominaciones en este documento, y el Proyecto FreeBSD fuera consciente de la declaración de marca comercial, las denominaciones vendrán seguidas por los símbolos <quote>™</quote> o <quote>®</quote>.

Change compared to this translation:

Many of the desiguchas de las denominatciones used by manufacturers and sellers totilizadas por los fabricantes y vendedores para distinguish theirr sus productos are claimed as trademarks. Where those desigse declaran como marcas comerciales. Ahí donde aparezcan esas denominatciones appear in thisen este documento, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the tray el Proyecto FreeBSD fuera consciente de la declaración de mark claim, the desigca comercial, las denominatciones have been followed by thevendrán seguidas por los símbolos <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_problem-reports Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vm-design
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_explaining-bsd Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_building-products Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_geom-class Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_pr-guidelines Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_filtering-bridge Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_solid-state Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_remote-install Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_nanobsd Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_faq Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_hubs Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.

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trademark marca comercial FreeBSD Doc

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(itstool) path: legalnotice/para
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articles/es_ES/ipsec-must.po, string 8