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<trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> emulation in FreeBSD

<email>rdivacky@FreeBSD.org</email>
<personname> <firstname>Roman</firstname> <surname>Divacky</surname> </personname> <affiliation> <_:address-1/> </affiliation>
Adobe, Acrobat, Acrobat Reader, Flash and PostScript are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries.
IBM, AIX, OS/2, PowerPC, PS/2, S/390, and ThinkPad are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.
NetBSD is a registered trademark of the NetBSD Foundation.
RealNetworks, RealPlayer, and RealAudio are the registered trademarks of RealNetworks, Inc.
Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation.
Sun, Sun Microsystems, Java, Java Virtual Machine, JDK, JRE, JSP, JVM, Netra, OpenJDK, Solaris, StarOffice, SunOS and VirtualBox are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other countries.
Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
$FreeBSD: head/en_US.ISO8859-1/articles/linux-emulation/article.xml 53664 2019-12-07 16:24:22Z carlavilla $
This masters thesis deals with updating the <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> emulation layer (the so called <firstterm>Linuxulator</firstterm>). The task was to update the layer to match the functionality of <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> 2.6. As a reference implementation, the <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> 2.6.16 kernel was chosen. The concept is loosely based on the NetBSD implementation. Most of the work was done in the summer of 2006 as a part of the Google Summer of Code students program. The focus was on bringing the <firstterm>NPTL</firstterm> (new <trademark class="registered">POSIX</trademark> thread library) support into the emulation layer, including <firstterm>TLS</firstterm> (thread local storage), <firstterm>futexes</firstterm> (fast user space mutexes), <firstterm>PID mangling</firstterm>, and some other minor things. Many small problems were identified and fixed in the process. My work was integrated into the main FreeBSD source repository and will be shipped in the upcoming 7.0R release. We, the emulation development team, are working on making the <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> 2.6 emulation the default emulation layer in FreeBSD.
Introduction
In the last few years the open source <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> based operating systems started to be widely deployed on server and client machines. Among these operating systems I would like to point out two: FreeBSD, for its BSD heritage, time proven code base and many interesting features and <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> for its wide user base, enthusiastic open developer community and support from large companies. FreeBSD tends to be used on server class machines serving heavy duty networking tasks with less usage on desktop class machines for ordinary users. While <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> has the same usage on servers, but it is used much more by home based users. This leads to a situation where there are many binary only programs available for <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> that lack support for FreeBSD.
Naturally, a need for the ability to run <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> binaries on a FreeBSD system arises and this is what this thesis deals with: the emulation of the <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> kernel in the FreeBSD operating system.
During the Summer of 2006 Google Inc. sponsored a project which focused on extending the <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> emulation layer (the so called Linuxulator) in FreeBSD to include <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> 2.6 facilities. This thesis is written as a part of this project.
A look inside…
In this section we are going to describe every operating system in question. How they deal with syscalls, trapframes etc., all the low-level stuff. We also describe the way they understand common <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> primitives like what a PID is, what a thread is, etc. In the third subsection we talk about how <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> on <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> emulation could be done in general.
What is <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark>
ComponentTranslation
This translation Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_linux-emulation FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
The following strings have the same context and source.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_ipsec-must FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_new-users FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_ldap-auth FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_contributors FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_solid-state FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-releng FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_linux-users FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_rc-scripting FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_gjournal-desktop FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_explaining-bsd FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_cups FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_fonts FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-questions FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-update-server FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_geom-class FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_hubs FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_nanobsd FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_filtering-bridge FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_pr-guidelines FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_problem-reports FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vm-design FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_remote-install FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_serial-uart FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_porters-handbook FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_arch-handbook FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_pam FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_faq FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_building-products FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_contributing FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_bsdl-gpl FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_committers-guide FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.

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Source string comment
(itstool) path: legalnotice/para
Flags
read-only
Source string location
article.translate.xml:30
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
articles/linux-emulation.pot, string 7