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<trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> users are often surprised to find that <application>Bash</application> is not the default shell in FreeBSD. In fact, <application>Bash</application> is not included in the default installation. Instead, FreeBSD uses <citerefentry><refentrytitle>tcsh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> as the default root shell, and the <application>Bourne shell</application>-compatible <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> as the default user shell. <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> is very similar to <application>Bash</application> but with a much smaller feature-set. Generally shell scripts written for <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> will run in <application>Bash</application>, but the reverse is not always true.
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Context English Portuguese (Brazil) State
This document is intended to quickly familiarize intermediate to advanced <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> users with the basics of FreeBSD.
Este documento tem a intenção de familiarizar rapidamente usuários intermediários ou avançados do <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> com o básico do FreeBSD.
Introduction
Introdução
This document highlights some of the technical differences between FreeBSD and <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> so that intermediate to advanced <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> users can quickly familiarize themselves with the basics of FreeBSD.
Esse documento destaca algumas diferenças técnicas entre o FreeBSD e o <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> para que os usuários intermediários ou avançados do <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> possam se familiarizar rapidamente com o básico do FreeBSD.
This document assumes that FreeBSD is already installed. Refer to the <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/bsdinstall.html"> Installing FreeBSD</link> chapter of the FreeBSD Handbook for help with the installation process.
Este documento assume que o FreeBSD já está instalado. Acesse o link do capítulo <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/bsdinstall.html"> Instalando o FreeBSD</link> no Handbook do FreeBSD para obter ajuda no processo de instalação.
Default Shell
Shell Padrão
<trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> users are often surprised to find that <application>Bash</application> is not the default shell in FreeBSD. In fact, <application>Bash</application> is not included in the default installation. Instead, FreeBSD uses <citerefentry><refentrytitle>tcsh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> as the default root shell, and the <application>Bourne shell</application>-compatible <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> as the default user shell. <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> is very similar to <application>Bash</application> but with a much smaller feature-set. Generally shell scripts written for <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> will run in <application>Bash</application>, but the reverse is not always true.
Os usuários do <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> são geralmente surpreendidos quando descobrem que o <application>Bash</application> não é o shell padrão do FreeBSD. De fato, o <application>Bash</application> não é incluído na instalação padrão. Ao invés disto, o FreeBSD usa o <citerefentry><refentrytitle>tcsh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> como shell padrão para o usuário root, e o <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry>, um shell compatível com o <application>Bourne shell</application>, como shell padrão para os demais usuários. O <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> é muito similar ao <application>Bash</application> mas com um conjunto de funcionalidades muito menor. Geralmente os scripts shell escritos para o <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> irão ser executados no <application>Bash</application>, mas o contrário não.
However, <application>Bash</application> and other shells are available for installation using the FreeBSD <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/ports.html">Packages and Ports Collection</link>.
Entretanto, o <application>Bash</application> e outros shells estão disponíveis para a instalação usando a <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/ports.html">Coleção de Pacotes e a Árvore de Ports</link>.
After installing another shell, use <citerefentry><refentrytitle>chsh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> to change a user's default shell. It is recommended that the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user's default shell remain unchanged since shells which are not included in the base distribution are installed to <filename>/usr/local/bin</filename>. In the event of a problem, the file system where <filename>/usr/local/bin</filename> is located may not be mounted. In this case, <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> would not have access to its default shell, preventing <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> from logging in and fixing the problem.
Depois de instalar um novo shell, use o comando <citerefentry><refentrytitle>chsh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> para trocar o shell padrão do usuário. É recomendado que o shell padrão do usuário <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> se mantenha inalterado uma vez que os shells que não fazem parte da base do sistema são instalados em <filename>/usr/local/bin</filename>. No caso de ocorrer algum problema com o sistema de arquivos onde o diretório <filename>/usr/local/bin</filename> está localizado e este não puder ser utilizado, o usuário <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> poderá não ter acesso ao shell padrão, evitando que o usuário <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> entre no sistema para corrigir o problema.
Packages and Ports: Adding Software in FreeBSD
Coleção de Pacotes e Árvore de Ports: Instalando novos programas no FreeBSD
FreeBSD provides two methods for installing applications: binary packages and compiled ports. Each method has its own benefits:
FreeBSD provê dois métodos para a instalação de novos aplicativos: pacotes binários e através da compilação do código fonte (Árvore de ports). Cada método tem seu benefício:
Binary Packages
Pacotes Binários

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