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_ translator-credits
For People New to Both FreeBSD and <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark>
<email>andrsn@andrsn.stanford.edu</email>
<personname> <firstname>Annelise</firstname> <surname>Anderson</surname> </personname> <affiliation> <_:address-1/> </affiliation>
1997-08-15
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
IBM, AIX, OS/2, PowerPC, PS/2, S/390, and ThinkPad are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.
Microsoft, IntelliMouse, MS-DOS, Outlook, Windows, Windows Media and Windows NT are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
Motif, OSF/1, and UNIX are registered trademarks and IT DialTone and The Open Group are trademarks of The Open Group in the United States and other countries.
Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
$FreeBSD: head/en_US.ISO8859-1/articles/new-users/article.xml 52136 2018-08-16 13:55:09Z bcr $
Congratulations on installing FreeBSD! This introduction is for people new to both FreeBSD <emphasis>and</emphasis> <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark>—so it starts with basics.
Logging in and Getting Out
Log in (when you see <prompt>login:</prompt>) as a user you created during installation or as <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>. (Your FreeBSD installation will already have an account for <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>; who can go anywhere and do anything, including deleting essential files, so be careful!) The symbols <prompt>%</prompt> and <prompt>#</prompt> in the following stand for the prompt (yours may be different), with <prompt>%</prompt> indicating an ordinary user and <prompt>#</prompt> indicating <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>.
To log out (and get a new <prompt>login:</prompt> prompt) type
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>exit</userinput>
as often as necessary. Yes, press <keysym>enter</keysym> after commands, and remember that <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> is case-sensitive—<command>exit</command>, not <command>EXIT</command>.
To shut down the machine type
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>/sbin/shutdown -h now</userinput>
Or to reboot type
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>/sbin/shutdown -r now</userinput>
or
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>/sbin/reboot</userinput>
You can also reboot with <keycombo><keycap>Ctrl</keycap><keycap>Alt</keycap><keycap>Delete</keycap></keycombo>. Give it a little time to do its work. This is equivalent to <command>/sbin/reboot</command> in recent releases of FreeBSD and is much, much better than hitting the reset button. You do not want to have to reinstall this thing, do you?
Adding a User with Root Privileges
If you did not create any users when you installed the system and are thus logged in as <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, you should probably create a user now with
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>adduser</userinput>

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(itstool) path: abstract/para

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read-only
Source string location
article.translate.xml:49
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
articles/new-users.pot, string 12