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(itstool) path: section/title (itstool) id: article.translate.xml#pam-essentials.title
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PAM Essentials
Context English Spanish State
Client and Server Are Separate El cliente y el servidor están separados
The example below shows <literal>eve</literal> try to initiate an <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ssh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> connection to <literal>login.example.com</literal>, ask to log in as <literal>bob</literal>, and succeed. Bob should have chosen a better password! El siguiente ejemplo muestra a <literal>eve</literal> intentando iniciar una conexión por <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ssh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> a <literal>login.example.com</literal>, solicita iniciar sesión como <literal>bob</literal>, y tiene éxito. ¡Bob debería de haber elegido una contraseña mejor!
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>whoami</userinput>
eve
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>ssh bob@login.example.com</userinput>
bob@login.example.com's password: <userinput>god</userinput>
Last login: Thu Oct 11 09:52:57 2001 from 192.168.0.1
Copyright (c) 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
FreeBSD 4.4-STABLE (LOGIN) #4: Tue Nov 27 18:10:34 PST 2001

Welcome to FreeBSD!
<prompt>%</prompt>
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>whoami</userinput>
eve
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>ssh bob@login.example.com</userinput>
bob@login.example.com's password: <userinput>god</userinput>
Last login: Thu Oct 11 09:52:57 2001 from 192.168.0.1
Copyright (c) 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
FreeBSD 4.4-STABLE (LOGIN) #4: Tue Nov 27 18:10:34 PST 2001

Welcome to FreeBSD!
<prompt>%</prompt>
The applicant is <literal>eve</literal>. El applicant es <literal>eve</literal>.
The client is Eve's <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ssh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> process. El client es el proceso <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ssh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> de Eve.
The server is the <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sshd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> process on <literal>login.example.com</literal> El server es el proceso <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sshd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> en <literal>login.example.com</literal>
The account is <literal>bob</literal>. El account es <literal>bob</literal>.
The authentication token is <literal>god</literal>. El token de autenticación es <literal>god</literal>.
Although this is not shown in this example, the arbitrator is <literal>root</literal>. Aunque esto no se muestra en este ejemplo, el arbitrator es <literal>root</literal>.
Sample Policy Política de ejemplo
The following is FreeBSD's default policy for <literal>sshd</literal>: Lo que se muestra a continuación, es la política predeterminada de FreeBSD para <literal>sshd</literal>:
sshd auth required pam_nologin.so no_warn
sshd auth required pam_unix.so no_warn try_first_pass
sshd account required pam_login_access.so
sshd account required pam_unix.so
sshd session required pam_lastlog.so no_fail
sshd password required pam_permit.so
sshd auth required pam_nologin.so no_warn
sshd auth required pam_unix.so no_warn try_first_pass
sshd account required pam_login_access.so
sshd account required pam_unix.so
sshd session required pam_lastlog.so no_fail
sshd password required pam_permit.so
This policy applies to the <literal>sshd</literal> service (which is not necessarily restricted to the <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sshd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> server.) Esta política se aplica al servicio <literal>sshd</literal> (que no está restringido necesariamente al servidor <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sshd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>).
<literal>auth</literal>, <literal>account</literal>, <literal>session</literal> and <literal>password</literal> are facilities. <literal>auth</literal>, <literal>account</literal>, <literal>session</literal> y <literal>password</literal> son facilities.
<filename>pam_nologin.so</filename>, <filename>pam_unix.so</filename>, <filename>pam_login_access.so</filename>, <filename>pam_lastlog.so</filename> and <filename>pam_permit.so</filename> are modules. It is clear from this example that <filename>pam_unix.so</filename> provides at least two facilities (authentication and account management.) <filename>pam_nologin.so</filename>, <filename>pam_unix.so</filename>, <filename>pam_login_access.so</filename>, <filename>pam_lastlog.so</filename> y <filename>pam_permit.so</filename> son modules. Está claro que a partir de este ejemplo, <filename>pam_unix.so</filename> proporciona al menos dos funciones (autenticación y administración de cuentas).
PAM Essentials PAM Essentials
Facilities and Primitives Facilities y primitives
The PAM API offers six different authentication primitives grouped in four facilities, which are described below. La API de PAM ofrece seis primitives de autenticación diferentes agrupadas en cuatro facilities, que se describen a continuación.
<literal>auth</literal> <literal>auth</literal>
<emphasis>Authentication.</emphasis> This facility concerns itself with authenticating the applicant and establishing the account credentials. It provides two primitives: <emphasis>Authentication.</emphasis> Esta facility se ocupa de autenticar al applicant y establecer las credenciales de la cuenta. Proporciona dos primitives:
<citerefentry><refentrytitle>pam_authenticate</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum></citerefentry> authenticates the applicant, usually by requesting an authentication token and comparing it with a value stored in a database or obtained from an authentication server. <citerefentry><refentrytitle>pam_authenticate</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum></citerefentry> autentica al applicant, normalmente, solicitando un token de autenticación y comparándolo con un valor almacenado en una base de datos u obtenido de un servidor de autenticación.
<citerefentry><refentrytitle>pam_setcred</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum></citerefentry> establishes account credentials such as user ID, group membership and resource limits. <citerefentry><refentrytitle>pam_setcred</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum></citerefentry> establece credenciales de la cuenta, como el ID del usuario, membresía de grupo y límites de recursos.
<literal>account</literal> <literal>account</literal>
<emphasis>Account management.</emphasis> This facility handles non-authentication-related issues of account availability, such as access restrictions based on the time of day or the server's work load. It provides a single primitive: <emphasis>Account management.</emphasis> Esta función se encarga de los problemas de disponibilidad con las cuentas, que no están relacionados con la autenticación, como restricciones de acceso según la hora del día o la carga del servidor de trabajo. Proporciona una primitive única:
<citerefentry><refentrytitle>pam_acct_mgmt</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum></citerefentry> verifies that the requested account is available. <citerefentry><refentrytitle>pam_acct_mgmt</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum></citerefentry> verifica que la cuenta solicitada esté disponible.
<literal>session</literal> <literal>session</literal>
<emphasis>Session management.</emphasis> This facility handles tasks associated with session set-up and tear-down, such as login accounting. It provides two primitives: <emphasis>Session management.</emphasis> Está función maneja las tareas asociadas con la configuración de la sesión y el cierre, como la contabilidad de inicio de sesión. Proporciona dos primitives:
<citerefentry><refentrytitle>pam_open_session</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum></citerefentry> performs tasks associated with session set-up: add an entry in the <filename>utmp</filename> and <filename>wtmp</filename> databases, start an SSH agent, etc. <citerefentry><refentrytitle>pam_open_session</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum></citerefentry> realiza las tareas asociadas con la configuración de la sesión: añade una entrada a las bases de datos de <filename>utmp</filename> y <filename>wtmp</filename>, inicia un agente SSH, etc...
<citerefentry><refentrytitle>pam_close_session</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum></citerefentry> performs tasks associated with session tear-down: add an entry in the <filename>utmp</filename> and <filename>wtmp</filename> databases, stop the SSH agent, etc. <citerefentry><refentrytitle>pam_close_session</refentrytitle><manvolnum>3</manvolnum></citerefentry> realiza tareas asociadas con el cierre de la sesión: agrega una entrada a las bases de datos <filename>utmp</filename> y <filename>wtmp</filename>, detiene el agent SSH, etc...
<literal>password</literal> <literal>password</literal>
<emphasis>Password management.</emphasis> This facility is used to change the authentication token associated with an account, either because it has expired or because the user wishes to change it. It provides a single primitive: <emphasis>Gestión de contraseñas.</emphasis> Esta función se usa para cambiar el token de autenticación asociado a una cuenta, ya sea porque ha caducado o porque el usuario desea cambiarla. Proporciona una primitive única:

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(itstool) path: section/title (itstool) id: article.translate.xml#pam-essentials.title
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article.translate.xml:408
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a year ago
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articles/es_ES/pam.po, string 71