Translation

(itstool) path: legalnotice/para
Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote></quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
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Context English Spanish State
_ translator-credits Juan F. Rodriguez jrh@it.uc3m.es, 2007
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019
Writing FreeBSD Problem Reports Escribiendo informes de problemas de FreeBSD
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation. FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
IBM, AIX, OS/2, PowerPC, PS/2, S/390, and ThinkPad are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both. IBM, AIX, OS/2, PowerPC, PS/2, S/390, and ThinkPad are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.
Intel, Celeron, Centrino, Core, EtherExpress, i386, i486, Itanium, Pentium, and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Intel, Celeron, Centrino, Core, EtherExpress, i386, i486, Itanium, Pentium, and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries.
Sun, Sun Microsystems, Java, Java Virtual Machine, JDK, JRE, JSP, JVM, Netra, OpenJDK, Solaris, StarOffice, SunOS and VirtualBox are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other countries. Sun, Sun Microsystems, Java, Java Virtual Machine, JDK, JRE, JSP, JVM, Netra, OpenJDK, Solaris, StarOffice, SunOS and VirtualBox are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other countries.
Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol. Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
$FreeBSD: head/en_US.ISO8859-1/articles/problem-reports/article.xml 53150 2019-06-14 09:41:35Z linimon $ $FreeBSD$
This article describes how to best formulate and submit a problem report to the FreeBSD Project. Este artículo describe cómo realizar y enviar informes de problemas para el proyecto FreeBSD de la mejor forma posible.
<personname> <firstname>Dag-Erling</firstname> <surname>Smørgrav</surname> </personname> <contrib>Contributed by </contrib> <personname> <firstname>Dag-Erling</firstname> <surname>Smørgrav</surname> </personname> <contrib>Contributed by </contrib>
<personname> <firstname>Mark</firstname> <surname>Linimon</surname> </personname> <personname> <firstname>Mark</firstname> <surname>Linimon</surname> </personname>
<primary>problem reports</primary> <primary>problem reports</primary>
Introduction Introducción
One of the most frustrating experiences one can have as a software user is to submit a problem report only to have it summarily closed with a terse and unhelpful explanation like <quote>not a bug</quote> or <quote>bogus PR</quote>. Similarly, one of the most frustrating experiences as a software developer is to be flooded with problem reports that are not really problem reports but requests for support, or that contain little or no information about what the problem is and how to reproduce it. Una de las experiencias más frustrantes que uno puede tener como usuario de software es enviar un informe de problemas solo para que se cierre sumariamente con una explicación breve e inútil como <quote>no es un error</quote> o <quote>PR erróneo</quote>. De manera similar, una de las experiencias más frustrantes que puede experimentar un desarrollador de aplicaciones consiste en verse inundado por una cantidad ingente de informes de problemas que en realidad vienen a ser solicitudes de soporte o ayuda, o que contienen poca o ninguna información sobre cúal es el problema y cómo reproducirlo.
This document attempts to describe how to write good problem reports. What, one asks, is a good problem report? Well, to go straight to the bottom line, a good problem report is one that can be analyzed and dealt with swiftly, to the mutual satisfaction of both user and developer. Este documento intenta describir cómo escribir buenos informes de problemas. ¿Qué, se preguntará, es un buen informe de problemas? Bien, para ir directos al grano, un buen informe de problemas es aquél que se puede analizar y tratar rápidamente, para mutua satisfacción del usuario y del desarrollador.
Although the primary focus of this article is on FreeBSD problem reports, most of it should apply quite well to other software projects. Aunque el objetivo principal de este artículo se centra en los informes de problemas de FreeBSD, la mayoría de los conceptos se pueden aplicar bastante bien en otros proyectos de software.
Note that this article is organized thematically, not chronologically. Read the entire document before submitting a problem report, rather than treating it as a step-by-step tutorial. Tenga en cuenta que este artículo está organizado temáticamente, no cronológicamente. Lea todo el documento antes de enviar un informe de problemas, en lugar de tratarlo como un tutorial paso a paso.
When to Submit a Problem Report Cuándo enviar informes de problemas
There are many types of problems, and not all of them should engender a problem report. Of course, nobody is perfect, and there will be times when what seems to be a bug in a program is, in fact, a misunderstanding of the syntax for a command or a typographical error in a configuration file (though that in itself may sometimes be indicative of poor documentation or poor error handling in the application). There are still many cases where submitting a problem report is clearly <emphasis>not</emphasis> the right course of action, and will only serve to frustrate both the submitter and the developers. Conversely, there are cases where it might be appropriate to submit a problem report about something else than a bug—an enhancement or a new feature, for instance. Hay muchos tipos de problemas y no todos ellos merecen la creación de un informe de problemas. Por supuesto, nadie es perfecto, y habrá ocasiones en que lo que parece ser un error en un programa es, de hecho, un malentendido de la sintaxis de un comando o un error tipográfico en un archivo de configuración (aunque en este último caso podría tratarse de un indicador de documentación escasa o que la aplicación peca de una gestión de errores defectuosa). Incluso teniendo estos aspectos en cuenta existen varios casos en los cuales el envío de un informe de problemas resulta claramente <emphasis>no ser</emphasis> la mejor forma de proceder, y solo servirá para frustrar tanto al remitente como a los desarrolladores. Por el contrario, hay casos en los que podría ser apropiado enviar un informe de problemas sobre algo más que un error: una mejora o una nueva característica, por ejemplo.
So how does one determine what is a bug and what is not? As a simple rule of thumb, the problem is <emphasis>not</emphasis> a bug if it can be expressed as a question (usually of the form <quote>How do I do X?</quote> or <quote>Where can I find Y?</quote>). It is not always quite so black and white, but the question rule covers a large majority of cases. When looking for an answer, consider posing the question to the <link xlink:href="http://lists.FreeBSD.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-questions">FreeBSD general questions mailing list</link>. Entonces, ¿cómo se determina qué es un error y qué no? Como regla general, el problema <emphasis>no</emphasis> es un error si puede expresarse como una pregunta (normalmente del estilo de <quote>¿Cómo hago X?</quote> o <quote>¿Dónde puedo encontrar Y?</quote>). Las cosas no son siempre blancas o negras, pero la regla de la pregunta cubre la gran mayoría de los casos. Al buscar una respuesta, considere plantear la pregunta a la <link xlink:href="http://lists.FreeBSD.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-questions">lista de correo de preguntas generales de FreeBSD</link>.
Consider these factors when submitting PRs about ports or other software that is not part of FreeBSD itself: Tenga en cuenta estos factores al enviar PRs sobre ports u otro software que no sea parte de FreeBSD:
Please do not submit problem reports that simply state that a newer version of an application is available. Ports maintainers are automatically notified by <application>portscout</application> when a new version of an application becomes available. Actual patches to update a port to the latest version are welcome. Por favor, no envíe informes de problemas que simplemente indiquen la disponibilidad de una nueva versión de una aplicación. Los maintainers de ports son notificados automáticamente por <application>portscout</application> cuando una nueva versión de una aplicación esta disponible. Los parches para actualizar un port a la última versión son bien recibidos.
ComponentTranslation
This translation Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_problem-reports Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
The following strings have the same context and source.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_bsdl-gpl Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_cups Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_fonts Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-questions Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_gjournal-desktop Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-update-server Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_new-users Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_rc-scripting
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vm-design
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_explaining-bsd Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_building-products Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_contributing Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_committers-guide Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_contributors Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_geom-class Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_ipsec-must Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-releng Muchas de las denominaciones utilizadas por los fabricantes y vendedores para distinguir sus productos se declaran como marcas comerciales. Ahí donde aparezcan esas denominaciones en este documento, y el Proyecto FreeBSD fuera consciente de la declaración de marca comercial, las denominaciones vendrán seguidas por los símbolos <quote>™</quote> o <quote>®</quote>.

Change compared to this translation:

Many of the desiguchas de las denominatciones used by manufacturers and sellers totilizadas por los fabricantes y vendedores para distinguish theirr sus productos are claimed as trademarks. Where those desigse declaran como marcas comerciales. Ahí donde aparezcan esas denominatciones appear in thisen este documento, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the tray el Proyecto FreeBSD fuera consciente de la declaración de mark claim, the desigca comercial, las denominatciones have been followed by thevendrán seguidas por los símbolos <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_ldap-auth Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_linux-emulation Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_pam Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_linux-users Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_pr-guidelines Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_remote-install Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_filtering-bridge Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_solid-state Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_nanobsd Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_faq Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_hubs Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.

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(itstool) path: legalnotice/para
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article.translate.xml:24
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articles/es_ES/problem-reports.po, string 7