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Configuration of <application>mfsBSD</application>
Before booting <application>mfsBSD</application>, a few important configuration options have to be set. The most important that we have to get right is, naturally, the network setup. The most suitable method to configure networking options depends on whether we know beforehand the type of the network interface we will use, and the network interface driver to be loaded for our hardware. We will see how <application>mfsBSD</application> can be configured in either case.
Another important thing to set is the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> password. This can be done by editing <filename>conf/loader.conf</filename>. Please see the included comments.
The <filename>conf/interfaces.conf</filename> method
When the installed network interface card is unknown, it is possible to use the auto-detection features of <application>mfsBSD</application>. The startup scripts of <application>mfsBSD</application> can detect the correct driver to use, based on the MAC address of the interface, if we set the following options in <filename>conf/interfaces.conf</filename>:
Do not forget to add the <literal>defaultrouter</literal> information to <filename>conf/rc.conf</filename>:
The <filename>conf/rc.conf</filename> Method
When the network interface driver is known, it is more convenient to use <filename>conf/rc.conf</filename> for networking options. The syntax of this file is the same as the one used in the standard <citerefentry><refentrytitle>rc.conf</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry> file of FreeBSD.
For example, if you know that a <citerefentry><refentrytitle>re</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> network interface is going to be available, you can set the following options in <filename>conf/rc.conf</filename>:
Building an <application>mfsBSD</application> Image
The process of building an <application>mfsBSD</application> image is pretty straightforward.
The first step is to mount the FreeBSD installation <acronym>CD</acronym>, or the installation <acronym>ISO</acronym> image to <filename>/cdrom</filename>. For the sake of example, in this article we will assume that you have downloaded the FreeBSD 10.1-RELEASE <acronym>ISO</acronym>. Mounting this ISO image to the <filename>/cdrom</filename> directory is easy with the <citerefentry><refentrytitle>mdconfig</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> utility:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>mdconfig -a -t vnode -u 10 -f <replaceable>FreeBSD-10.1-RELEASE-amd64-disc1.iso</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>mount_cd9660 /dev/md10 /cdrom</userinput>
Since the recent FreeBSD releases do not contain regular distribution sets, it is required to extract the FreeBSD distribution files from the distribution archives located on the <acronym>ISO</acronym> image:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>mkdir <replaceable>DIST</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>tar -xvf /cdrom/usr/freebsd-dist/base.txz -C <replaceable>DIST</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>tar -xvf /cdrom/usr/freebsd-dist/kernel.txz -C <replaceable>DIST</replaceable></userinput>
Next, build the bootable <application>mfsBSD</application> image:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>make BASE=<replaceable>DIST</replaceable></userinput>
The above <command>make</command> has to be run from the top level of the <application>mfsBSD</application> directory tree, for example <filename>~/mfsbsd-2.1/</filename>.
Booting <application>mfsBSD</application>
Now that the <application>mfsBSD</application> image is ready, it must be uploaded to the remote system running a live rescue system or pre-installed <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> distribution. The most suitable tool for this task is <application>scp</application>:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>scp disk.img root@</userinput>
To boot <application>mfsBSD</application> image properly, it must be placed on the first (bootable) device of the given machine. This may be accomplished using this example providing that <filename>sda</filename> is the first bootable disk device:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>dd if=/root/disk.img of=/dev/sda bs=1m</userinput>
If all went well, the image should now be in the <acronym>MBR</acronym> of the first device and the machine can be rebooted. Watch for the machine to boot up properly with the <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ping</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> tool. Once it has came back on-line, it should be possible to access it over <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ssh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> as user <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> with the configured password.
Installation of the FreeBSD Operating System
The <application>mfsBSD</application> has been successfully booted and it should be possible to log in through <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ssh</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry>. This section will describe how to create and label slices, set up <application>gmirror</application> for RAID-1, and how to use <application>sysinstall</application> to install a minimal distribution of the FreeBSD operating system.
Preparation of Hard Drives
The first task is to allocate disk space for FreeBSD, i.e.: to create slices and partitions. Obviously, the currently running system is fully loaded in system memory and therefore there will be no problems with manipulating hard drives. To complete this task, it is possible to use either <application>sysinstall</application> or <citerefentry><refentrytitle>fdisk</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> in conjunction to <citerefentry><refentrytitle>bsdlabel</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>.


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Unchanged translation: Spanish, Portuguese (Brazil)


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Source string comment
(itstool) path: sect2/screen
no-wrap, read-only
Source string location
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
articles/remote-install.pot, string 46