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Source string Read only

(itstool) path: sect2/screen
Context English State
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>touch /var/log/security /var/log/maillog /var/log/cron /var/log/messages</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>chmod 0644 /var/log/*</userinput>
Ports Installation
Before discussing the changes necessary to successfully use the ports tree, a reminder is necessary regarding the read-only nature of your filesystems on the flash media. Since they are read-only, you will need to temporarily mount them read-write using the mount syntax shown in <xref linkend="ro-fs"/>. You should always remount those filesystems read-only when you are done with any maintenance - unnecessary writes to the flash media could considerably shorten its lifespan.
To make it possible to enter a ports directory and successfully run <command>make</command> <_:buildtarget-1/>, we must create a packages directory on a non-memory filesystem that will keep track of our packages across reboots. As it is necessary to mount your filesystems as read-write for the installation of a package anyway, it is sensible to assume that an area on the flash media can also be used for package information to be written to.
First, create a package database directory. This is normally in <filename>/var/db/pkg</filename>, but we cannot place it there as it will disappear every time the system is booted.
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>mkdir /etc/pkg</userinput>
Now, add a line to <filename>/etc/rc.d/var</filename> that links the <filename>/etc/pkg</filename> directory to <filename>/var/db/pkg</filename>. An example:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ln -s /etc/pkg /var/db/pkg</userinput>
Now, any time that you mount your filesystems as read-write and install a package, the <command>make</command> <_:buildtarget-1/> will work, and package information will be written successfully to <filename>/etc/pkg</filename> (because the filesystem will, at that time, be mounted read-write) which will always be available to the operating system as <filename>/var/db/pkg</filename>.
Apache Web Server
The steps in this section are only necessary if Apache is set up to write its pid or log information outside of <filename>/var</filename>. By default, Apache keeps its pid file in <filename>/var/run/</filename> and its log files in <filename>/var/log</filename>.
It is now assumed that Apache keeps its log files in a directory <filename><replaceable>apache_log_dir</replaceable></filename> outside of <filename>/var</filename>. When this directory lives on a read-only filesystem, Apache will not be able to save any log files, and may have problems working. If so, it is necessary to add a new directory to the list of directories in <filename>/etc/rc.d/var</filename> to create in <filename>/var</filename>, and to link <filename><replaceable>apache_log_dir</replaceable></filename> to <filename>/var/log/apache</filename>. It is also necessary to set permissions and ownership on this new directory.
First, add the directory <literal>log/apache</literal> to the list of directories to be created in <filename>/etc/rc.d/var</filename>.
Second, add these commands to <filename>/etc/rc.d/var</filename> after the directory creation section:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>chmod 0774 /var/log/apache</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>chown nobody:nobody /var/log/apache</userinput>
Finally, remove the existing <filename><replaceable>apache_log_dir</replaceable></filename> directory, and replace it with a link:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>rm -rf <replaceable>apache_log_dir</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ln -s /var/log/apache <replaceable>apache_log_dir</replaceable></userinput>


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Unchanged translation: Portuguese (Brazil), Spanish


Source information

Source string comment
(itstool) path: sect2/screen
no-wrap, read-only
Source string location
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
articles/solid-state.pot, string 85