Translation

(itstool) path: legalnotice/para
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
60/600
Context English Spanish State
_
translator-credits
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
FreeBSD and Solid State Devices
FreeBSD y las unidades de estado sólido (SSD)

<email>john@kozubik.com</email>

<email>john@kozubik.com</email>
<personname> <firstname>John</firstname> <surname>Kozubik</surname> </personname> <affiliation> <_:address-1/> </affiliation>
<personname> <firstname>John</firstname> <surname>Kozubik</surname> </personname> <affiliation> <_:address-1/> </affiliation>
<year>2001</year> <year>2009</year> <holder>The FreeBSD Documentation Project</holder>
<year>2001</year> <year>2009</year> <holder>The FreeBSD Documentation Project</holder>
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Copyright
Copyright
Redistribution and use in source (XML DocBook) and 'compiled' forms (XML, HTML, PDF, PostScript, RTF and so forth) with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
Redistribution and use in source (XML DocBook) and 'compiled' forms (XML, HTML, PDF, PostScript, RTF and so forth) with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
Redistributions of source code (XML DocBook) must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer as the first lines of this file unmodified.
Redistributions of source code (XML DocBook) must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer as the first lines of this file unmodified.
Redistributions in compiled form (transformed to other DTDs, converted to PDF, PostScript, RTF and other formats) must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
Redistributions in compiled form (transformed to other DTDs, converted to PDF, PostScript, RTF and other formats) must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
THIS DOCUMENTATION IS PROVIDED BY THE FREEBSD DOCUMENTATION PROJECT "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE FREEBSD DOCUMENTATION PROJECT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS DOCUMENTATION, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
THIS DOCUMENTATION IS PROVIDED BY THE FREEBSD DOCUMENTATION PROJECT "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE FREEBSD DOCUMENTATION PROJECT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS DOCUMENTATION, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
$FreeBSD: head/en_US.ISO8859-1/articles/solid-state/article.xml 44923 2014-05-23 17:36:54Z bcr $
$FreeBSD$
This article covers the use of solid state disk devices in FreeBSD to create embedded systems.
Este artículo trata sobre el uso de discos de estado sólido en FreeBSD para crear sistemas embebidos.
Embedded systems have the advantage of increased stability due to the lack of integral moving parts (hard drives). Account must be taken, however, for the generally low disk space available in the system and the durability of the storage medium.
Los sistemas embebidos tienen la ventaja de una mayor estabilidad por la falta de partes móviles (discos duros). Sin embargo, se debe tener en cuenta que generalmente el espacio disponible para el sistema y la durabilidad del medio de almacenamiento son menores.
Specific topics to be covered include the types and attributes of solid state media suitable for disk use in FreeBSD, kernel options that are of interest in such an environment, the <filename>rc.initdiskless</filename> mechanisms that automate the initialization of such systems and the need for read-only filesystems, and building filesystems from scratch. The article will conclude with some general strategies for small and read-only FreeBSD environments.
Los temas específicos que se abordarán incluyen los tipos y atributos de los dispositivos de estado sólido adecuados para su uso como disco en FreeBSD, las opciones del kernel que son interesantes para dicho entorno, los mecanismos de <filename>rc.initdiskless</filename> que automatizan el inicio de dichos sistemas, la necesidad de sistemas de archivos de solo lectura y hacer sistemas de archivos desde cero. El artículo concluirá con algunas estrategias generales para entornos pequeños y de solo lectura de FreeBSD.
Solid State Disk Devices
Dispositivos de disco de estado sólido
The scope of this article will be limited to solid state disk devices made from flash memory. Flash memory is a solid state memory (no moving parts) that is non-volatile (the memory maintains data even after all power sources have been disconnected). Flash memory can withstand tremendous physical shock and is reasonably fast (the flash memory solutions covered in this article are slightly slower than a EIDE hard disk for write operations, and much faster for read operations). One very important aspect of flash memory, the ramifications of which will be discussed later in this article, is that each sector has a limited rewrite capacity. You can only write, erase, and write again to a sector of flash memory a certain number of times before the sector becomes permanently unusable. Although many flash memory products automatically map bad blocks, and although some even distribute write operations evenly throughout the unit, the fact remains that there exists a limit to the amount of writing that can be done to the device. Competitive units have between 1,000,000 and 10,000,000 writes per sector in their specification. This figure varies due to the temperature of the environment.
El alcance de este artículo se limitará a dispositivos de estado sólido basados en memoria flash. La memoria flash es una memoria de estado sólido (sin partes móviles) que no es volátil (la memoria mantiene los datos incluso después de que se hayan desconectado todas las fuentes de alimentación). La memoria flash puede soportar un enorme impacto físico y es bastante rápida (las soluciones de memoria flash que se tratan en este artículo son un poco más lentas que un disco duro EIDE en operaciones de escritura y mucho más rápidos en operaciones de lectura). Un aspecto muy importante de la memoria flash, cuyas repercusiones se tratarán más adelante, es que cada sector tiene una capacidad de reescritura limitada. Solo puede escribir, borrar y volver a escribir en un sector de la memoria flash varias veces antes de que quede permanentemente inutilizable. Aunque muchos productos de memoria flash mapean automáticamente los bloques defectuosos y algunos incluso distribuyen las operaciones de escritura de manera uniforme en toda la unidad, la verdad es que hay un límite en la cantidad de escrituras que se pueden hacer al dispositivo. Las unidades más competitivas tienen entre 1.000.000 y 10.000.000 millones de escrituras por sector en sus especificaciones. Esta cifra varía debido a la temperatura del ambiente.
Specifically, we will be discussing ATA compatible compact-flash units, which are quite popular as storage media for digital cameras. Of particular interest is the fact that they pin out directly to the IDE bus and are compatible with the ATA command set. Therefore, with a very simple and low-cost adaptor, these devices can be attached directly to an IDE bus in a computer. Once implemented in this manner, operating systems such as FreeBSD see the device as a normal hard disk (albeit small).
Específicamente, discutiremos las unidades flash compactas compatibles con ATA, las cuales son bastante populares como medios de almacenamiento para cámaras digitales. Es de particular interés el hecho de que se conecten directamente al bus IDE y sean compatibles con el conjunto de comandos ATA. Por lo tanto, con un adaptador muy simple y de bajo coste, estos dispositivos se pueden conectar directamente al bus IDE en un ordenador. Una vez implementado de esta forma, los sistemas operativos como FreeBSD ven el dispositivo como un disco duro normal (aunque sea pequeño).
Other solid state disk solutions do exist, but their expense, obscurity, and relative unease of use places them beyond the scope of this article.
Existen otras soluciones de disco de estado sólido, pero su coste, opacidad y su relativa dificultad de uso los colocan más allá del alcance de este artículo.
Kernel Options
Opciones del kernel
ComponentTranslation
This translation Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_solid-state
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Following strings have same context and same source.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_explaining-bsd
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-questions
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_committers-guide
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_geom-class
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_filtering-bridge
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_fonts
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-releng
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_contributing
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-update-server
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_contributors
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_gjournal-desktop
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_cups
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_hubs
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_linux-users
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_new-users
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_ipsec-must
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_ldap-auth
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_pam
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_bsdl-gpl
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_pr-guidelines
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_problem-reports
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_remote-install
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_linux-emulation
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_faq
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_nanobsd
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_building-products
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.

Loading…

User avatar None

New source string

FreeBSD Doc / articles_solid-stateSpanish

New source string 11 months ago
Browse all component changes

Things to check

Unchanged translation

Source and translation are identical

Reset

Glossary

English Spanish
No related strings found in the glossary.

Source information

Source string comment
(itstool) path: legalnotice/para
Labels
No labels currently set.
Source string location
article.translate.xml:58
Source string age
11 months ago
Translation file
articles/es_ES/solid-state.po, string 6