Source string Read only

_
(itstool) path: imageobject/imagedata
This is a reference to an external file such as an image or video. When
the file changes, the md5 hash will change to let you know you need to
update your localized copy. The msgstr is not used at all. Set it to
whatever you like once you have updated your copy of the file.
45/450
Context English State
In any disk transfer, the drive must first position the heads, wait for the first sector to pass under the read head, and then perform the transfer. These actions can be considered to be atomic as it does not make any sense to interrupt them.
<anchor xml:id="vinum-latency"/> Consider a typical transfer of about 10 kB: the current generation of high-performance disks can position the heads in an average of 3.5 ms. The fastest drives spin at 15,000 rpm, so the average rotational latency (half a revolution) is 2 ms. At 70 MB/s, the transfer itself takes about 150 μs, almost nothing compared to the positioning time. In such a case, the effective transfer rate drops to a little over 1 MB/s and is clearly highly dependent on the transfer size.
The traditional and obvious solution to this bottleneck is <quote>more spindles</quote>: rather than using one large disk, use several smaller disks with the same aggregate storage space. Each disk is capable of positioning and transferring independently, so the effective throughput increases by a factor close to the number of disks used.
The actual throughput improvement is smaller than the number of disks involved. Although each drive is capable of transferring in parallel, there is no way to ensure that the requests are evenly distributed across the drives. Inevitably the load on one drive will be higher than on another.
<primary>disk concatenation</primary>
<primary>Vinum</primary> <secondary>concatenation</secondary>
The evenness of the load on the disks is strongly dependent on the way the data is shared across the drives. In the following discussion, it is convenient to think of the disk storage as a large number of data sectors which are addressable by number, rather like the pages in a book. The most obvious method is to divide the virtual disk into groups of consecutive sectors the size of the individual physical disks and store them in this manner, rather like taking a large book and tearing it into smaller sections. This method is called <emphasis>concatenation</emphasis> and has the advantage that the disks are not required to have any specific size relationships. It works well when the access to the virtual disk is spread evenly about its address space. When access is concentrated on a smaller area, the improvement is less marked. <xref linkend="vinum-concat"/> illustrates the sequence in which storage units are allocated in a concatenated organization.
Concatenated Organization
_
external ref='vinum-concat' md5='__failed__'
<primary>disk striping</primary>
<primary>Vinum</primary> <secondary>striping</secondary>
<primary><acronym>RAID</acronym></primary>
An alternative mapping is to divide the address space into smaller, equal-sized components and store them sequentially on different devices. For example, the first 256 sectors may be stored on the first disk, the next 256 sectors on the next disk and so on. After filling the last disk, the process repeats until the disks are full. This mapping is called <emphasis>striping</emphasis> or <acronym>RAID-0</acronym>.
<acronym>RAID</acronym> offers various forms of fault tolerance, though <acronym>RAID-0</acronym> is somewhat misleading as it provides no redundancy. Striping requires somewhat more effort to locate the data, and it can cause additional I/O load where a transfer is spread over multiple disks, but it can also provide a more constant load across the disks. <xref linkend="vinum-striped"/> illustrates the sequence in which storage units are allocated in a striped organization.
Striped Organization
_
external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'
Data Integrity
The final problem with disks is that they are unreliable. Although reliability has increased tremendously over the last few years, disk drives are still the most likely core component of a server to fail. When they do, the results can be catastrophic and replacing a failed disk drive and restoring data can result in server downtime.
<primary>disk mirroring</primary>
<primary>vinum</primary> <secondary>mirroring</secondary>
<primary><acronym>RAID</acronym>-1</primary>
One approach to this problem is <emphasis>mirroring</emphasis>, or <acronym>RAID-1</acronym>, which keeps two copies of the data on different physical hardware. Any write to the volume writes to both disks; a read can be satisfied from either, so if one drive fails, the data is still available on the other drive.
Mirroring has two problems:
It requires twice as much disk storage as a non-redundant solution.
Writes must be performed to both drives, so they take up twice the bandwidth of a non-mirrored volume. Reads do not suffer from a performance penalty and can even be faster.
<primary><acronym>RAID</acronym>-5</primary>
An alternative solution is <emphasis>parity</emphasis>, implemented in <acronym>RAID</acronym> levels 2, 3, 4 and 5. Of these, <acronym>RAID-5</acronym> is the most interesting. As implemented in <filename>vinum</filename>, it is a variant on a striped organization which dedicates one block of each stripe to parity one of the other blocks. As implemented by <filename>vinum</filename>, a <acronym>RAID-5</acronym> plex is similar to a striped plex, except that it implements <acronym>RAID-5</acronym> by including a parity block in each stripe. As required by <acronym>RAID-5</acronym>, the location of this parity block changes from one stripe to the next. The numbers in the data blocks indicate the relative block numbers.
<acronym>RAID</acronym>-5 Organization
_
external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'
Compared to mirroring, <acronym>RAID-5</acronym> has the advantage of requiring significantly less storage space. Read access is similar to that of striped organizations, but write access is significantly slower, approximately 25% of the read performance. If one drive fails, the array can continue to operate in degraded mode where a read from one of the remaining accessible drives continues normally, but a read from the failed drive is recalculated from the corresponding block from all the remaining drives.
<filename>vinum</filename> Objects
ComponentTranslation
This translation Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum
external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'
Following strings have different sources but same context.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-ufs-warning' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-ufs-warning' md5='__failed__'
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translator-credits

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external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='sockets/sainfill' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedsockets/sainfill' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='freebsd-code-model' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedfreebsd-code-model' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='proc-rm-committer' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedproc-rm-committer' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='proc-contrib' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedproc-contrib' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='proc-pr' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedproc-pr' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='portsstatus' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedportsstatus' md5='__failed__'
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translator-credits

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external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='branches' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbranches' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='proc-add-committer' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedproc-add-committer' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='proc-commit' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedproc-commit' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='proc-elections' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedproc-elections' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook
external ref='sockets/layers' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedsockets/layers' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook
external ref='sockets/slayers' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedsockets/slayers' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook
external ref='sockets/sain' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedsockets/sain' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/sainlsb' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedsockets/sainlsb' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook
external ref='sockets/sainmsb' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedsockets/sainmsb' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook
external ref='sockets/sainserv' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedsockets/sainserv' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook
external ref='sockets/serv' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedsockets/serv' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-choose-mode' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-choose-mode' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook
external ref='sockets/serv2' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedsockets/serv2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-keymap-loading' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-keymap-loading' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-config-hostname' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-config-hostname' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-config-components' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-config-components' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-manual-create' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-manual-create' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-manual-addpart' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-manual-addpart' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-init-encription' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-init-encription' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-distfile-extracting' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-distfile-extracting' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-country' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-country' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-confirm' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-confirm' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-adduser3' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-adduser3' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-wireless-accesspoints' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-wireless-accesspoints' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv4' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv4' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='basics/example-dir2' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbasics/example-dir2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-hardening' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-hardening' md5='__failed__'
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translator-credits

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external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_contributors
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external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_rc-scripting
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external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_building-products
external ref='freebsd-branches' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedfreebsd-branches' md5='__failed__'
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translator-credits

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external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='freebsd-organization' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedfreebsd-organization' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_committers-guide
translator-credits

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external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd13' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/parallels-freebsd13' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd3' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd7' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd7' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd5' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd5' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd07' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/vmware-freebsd07' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd02' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/vmware-freebsd02' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='mail/mutt2' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedmail/mutt2' md5='__failed__'
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translator-credits

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external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='mail/pine1' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedmail/pine1' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='mail/pine2' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedmail/pine2' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='mail/pine4' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedmail/pine4' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-newboot-loader-menu' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-newboot-loader-menu' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='advanced-networking/pxe-nfs' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedadvanced-networking/pxe-nfs' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-keymap-10' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-keymap-10' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-boot-options-menu' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-boot-options-menu' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-netinstall-mirrorselect' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-netinstall-mirrorselect' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-netinstall-files' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-netinstall-files' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-entire-part' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-entire-part' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-partmenu' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-partmenu' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-guided-disk' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-guided-disk' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-review' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-review' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-vdev_type' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stribsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-vdev_typed' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-manual-partscheme' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-manual-partscheme' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-menu' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-menu' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-disk_select' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-disk_select' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-vdev_invalid' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripebsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-vdev_invalid' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-disk_info' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-disk_info' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-geli_password' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripebsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-geli_password' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-warning' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-warning' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-final-confirmation' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-final-confirmation' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-distfile-fetching' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-distfile-fetching' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-wireless-scan' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-wireless-scan' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-distfile-verifying' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-distfile-verifying' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-wireless-wpa2setup' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-wireless-wpa2setup' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv4-static' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv4-static' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv4-dhcp' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv4-dhcp' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv6' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv6' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv6-static' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv6-static' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-ipv4-dns' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-ipv4-dns' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-slaac' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-slaac' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-region' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-region' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-zone' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-zone' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-config-services' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-config-services' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-adduser2' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-adduser2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-adduser1' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-adduser1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-finalconfiguration' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-finalconfiguration' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-mainexit' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-mainexit' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-final-modification-shell' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-final-modification-shell' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='basics/example-dir1' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbasics/example-dir1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='basics/example-dir4' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-stripedbasics/example-dir4' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='basics/example-dir3' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedbasics/example-dir3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_solid-state
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='basics/example-dir5' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedbasics/example-dir5' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='basics/disk-layout' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedbasics/disk-layout' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='geom/striping' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-geom/stripeding' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd3' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/parallels-freebsd3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd4' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/parallels-freebsd4' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd6' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/parallels-freebsd6' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd7' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/parallels-freebsd7' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/parallels-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/parallels-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd4' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd4' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd6' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd6' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd9' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd9' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd01' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/vmware-freebsd01' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd04' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/vmware-freebsd04' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd05' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/vmware-freebsd05' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd06' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/vmware-freebsd06' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/vmware-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='mail/mutt3' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedmail/mutt3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='mail/pine5' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedmail/pine5' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedadvanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/parallels-freebsd1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd2' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/parallels-freebsd2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd8' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/parallels-freebsd8' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd9' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/parallels-freebsd9' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/parallels-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd2' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd8' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd8' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd13' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd13' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd03' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/vmware-freebsd03' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd08' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/vmware-freebsd08' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd09' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/vmware-freebsd09' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/vmware-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='mail/mutt1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedmail/mutt1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='mail/pine3' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedmail/pine3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vm-design
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd5' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/parallels-freebsd5' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-rescan-devices' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-rescan-devices' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-pool-name' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-pool-name' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-keymap-testing' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-keymap-testing' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-swap-amount' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-swap-amount' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-date' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-date' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-time' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedbsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-time' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_mailing-list-faq
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_cups
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-questions
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_explaining-bsd
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-update-server
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_geom-class
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_gjournal-desktop
external ref='disklabel2' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripeddisklabel2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_hubs
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_filtering-bridge
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum
external ref='vinum-simple-vol' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_nanobsd
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_fonts
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_pr-guidelines
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-releng
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum
external ref='vinum-mirrored-vol' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vm-design
external ref='fig4' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedfig4' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_ipsec-must
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_gjournal-desktop
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_gjournal-desktop
external ref='disklabel1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripeddisklabel1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_ldap-auth
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_leap-seconds
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_new-users
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_linux-emulation
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_linux-users
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_problem-reports
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_pam
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_pgpkeys
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_port-mentor-guidelines
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
external ref='branches-head' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripebranches-head' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
external ref='branches-releng7' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedbranches-releng7' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
external ref='branches-releng8' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedbranches-releng8' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
external ref='branches-releng9' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedbranches-releng9' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
external ref='branches-releng3' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedbranches-releng3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
external ref='branches-releng4' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedbranches-releng4' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
external ref='branches-releng5' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedbranches-releng5' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
external ref='branches-releng6' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedbranches-releng6' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_remote-install
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_serial-uart
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum
translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum
external ref='vinum-concat' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum
external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum
external ref='vinum-raid10-vol' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum
external ref='vinum-striped-vol' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vm-design
external ref='fig1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedfig1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vm-design
external ref='fig2' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedfig2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vm-design
external ref='fig3' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedfig3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_arch-handbook
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-post-root-passwd' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripebsdinstall/bsdinstall-post-root-passwd' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_bsdl-gpl
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedrtualization/vmware-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_design-44bsd
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_design-44bsd
external ref='fig1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedfig1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_design-44bsd
external ref='fig2' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-stripedfig2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_dev-model
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'translator-credits

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Glossary

English English
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Source information

Context
_
Source string comment
(itstool) path: imageobject/imagedata
This is a reference to an external file such as an image or video. When
the file changes, the md5 hash will change to let you know you need to
update your localized copy. The msgstr is not used at all. Set it to
whatever you like once you have updated your copy of the file.
Labels
No labels currently set.
Flags
read-only
Source string location
article.translate.xml:197
Source string age
11 months ago
Translation file
string