Source string Read only

_

(itstool) path: imageobject/imagedata This is a reference to an external file such as an image or video. When the file changes, the md5 hash will change to let you know you need to update your localized copy. The msgstr is not used at all. Set it to whatever you like once you have updated your copy of the file.

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Context English State
<acronym>RAID</acronym> offers various forms of fault tolerance, though <acronym>RAID-0</acronym> is somewhat misleading as it provides no redundancy. Striping requires somewhat more effort to locate the data, and it can cause additional I/O load where a transfer is spread over multiple disks, but it can also provide a more constant load across the disks. <xref linkend="vinum-striped"/> illustrates the sequence in which storage units are allocated in a striped organization.
Striped Organization
_ external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'
Data Integrity
The final problem with disks is that they are unreliable. Although reliability has increased tremendously over the last few years, disk drives are still the most likely core component of a server to fail. When they do, the results can be catastrophic and replacing a failed disk drive and restoring data can result in server downtime.
<primary>disk mirroring</primary>
<primary>vinum</primary> <secondary>mirroring</secondary>
<primary><acronym>RAID</acronym>-1</primary>
One approach to this problem is <emphasis>mirroring</emphasis>, or <acronym>RAID-1</acronym>, which keeps two copies of the data on different physical hardware. Any write to the volume writes to both disks; a read can be satisfied from either, so if one drive fails, the data is still available on the other drive.
Mirroring has two problems:
It requires twice as much disk storage as a non-redundant solution.
Writes must be performed to both drives, so they take up twice the bandwidth of a non-mirrored volume. Reads do not suffer from a performance penalty and can even be faster.
<primary><acronym>RAID</acronym>-5</primary>
An alternative solution is <emphasis>parity</emphasis>, implemented in <acronym>RAID</acronym> levels 2, 3, 4 and 5. Of these, <acronym>RAID-5</acronym> is the most interesting. As implemented in <filename>vinum</filename>, it is a variant on a striped organization which dedicates one block of each stripe to parity one of the other blocks. As implemented by <filename>vinum</filename>, a <acronym>RAID-5</acronym> plex is similar to a striped plex, except that it implements <acronym>RAID-5</acronym> by including a parity block in each stripe. As required by <acronym>RAID-5</acronym>, the location of this parity block changes from one stripe to the next. The numbers in the data blocks indicate the relative block numbers.
<acronym>RAID</acronym>-5 Organization
_ external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'
Compared to mirroring, <acronym>RAID-5</acronym> has the advantage of requiring significantly less storage space. Read access is similar to that of striped organizations, but write access is significantly slower, approximately 25% of the read performance. If one drive fails, the array can continue to operate in degraded mode where a read from one of the remaining accessible drives continues normally, but a read from the failed drive is recalculated from the corresponding block from all the remaining drives.
<filename>vinum</filename> Objects
In order to address these problems, <filename>vinum</filename> implements a four-level hierarchy of objects:
The most visible object is the virtual disk, called a <emphasis>volume</emphasis>. Volumes have essentially the same properties as a <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> disk drive, though there are some minor differences. For one, they have no size limitations.
Volumes are composed of <emphasis>plexes</emphasis>, each of which represent the total address space of a volume. This level in the hierarchy provides redundancy. Think of plexes as individual disks in a mirrored array, each containing the same data.
Since <filename>vinum</filename> exists within the <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> disk storage framework, it would be possible to use <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> partitions as the building block for multi-disk plexes. In fact, this turns out to be too inflexible as <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> disks can have only a limited number of partitions. Instead, <filename>vinum</filename> subdivides a single <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> partition, the <emphasis>drive</emphasis>, into contiguous areas called <emphasis>subdisks</emphasis>, which are used as building blocks for plexes.
Subdisks reside on <filename>vinum</filename> <emphasis>drives</emphasis>, currently <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> partitions. <filename>vinum</filename> drives can contain any number of subdisks. With the exception of a small area at the beginning of the drive, which is used for storing configuration and state information, the entire drive is available for data storage.
The following sections describe the way these objects provide the functionality required of <filename>vinum</filename>.
Volume Size Considerations
Plexes can include multiple subdisks spread over all drives in the <filename>vinum</filename> configuration. As a result, the size of an individual drive does not limit the size of a plex or a volume.
Redundant Data Storage
<filename>vinum</filename> implements mirroring by attaching multiple plexes to a volume. Each plex is a representation of the data in a volume. A volume may contain between one and eight plexes.
Although a plex represents the complete data of a volume, it is possible for parts of the representation to be physically missing, either by design (by not defining a subdisk for parts of the plex) or by accident (as a result of the failure of a drive). As long as at least one plex can provide the data for the complete address range of the volume, the volume is fully functional.
Which Plex Organization?
<filename>vinum</filename> implements both concatenation and striping at the plex level:
ComponentTranslation
This translation Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'
The following strings have different sources, but the same context.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_explaining-bsd translator-credits

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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_gjournal-desktop external ref='disklabel2' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgdisklabel2' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum external ref='vinum-simple-vol' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum external ref='vinum-mirrored-vol' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vm-design external ref='fig4' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgfig4' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_gjournal-desktop external ref='disklabel1' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgdisklabel1' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng external ref='branches-releng9' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbranches-releng9' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng external ref='branches-releng4' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbranches-releng4' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng external ref='branches-releng3' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbranches-releng3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng external ref='branches-releng8' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbranches-releng8' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng external ref='branches-releng7' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbranches-releng7' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-post-root-passwd' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-post-root-passwd' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vm-design external ref='fig2' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgfig2' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/vmware-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgfig2' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-ufs-warning' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orbsdinstall/bsdinstall-ufs-warning' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-config-hostname' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-config-hostname' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_dev-model external ref='branches' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbranches' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_dev-model external ref='freebsd-code-model' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgfreebsd-code-model' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_dev-model external ref='proc-add-committer' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgproc-add-committer' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgproc-commit' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_dev-model external ref='proc-contrib' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgproc-contrib' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_dev-model external ref='proc-elections' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgproc-elections' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_dev-model external ref='proc-pr' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgproc-pr' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_dev-model external ref='portsstatus' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgportsstatus' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook external ref='sockets/slayers' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgsockets/slayers' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook external ref='sockets/sainserv' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgsockets/sainserv' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook external ref='sockets/serv' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgsockets/serv' md5='__failed__'
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Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-choose-mode' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-choose-mode' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-manual-create' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-manual-create' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-init-encription' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-init-encription' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-distfile-extracting' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orbsdinstall/bsdinstall-distfile-extracting' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-country' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-country' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-confirm' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-confirm' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-adduser3' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-adduser3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-wireless-accesspoints' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-wireless-accesspoints' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_dev-model external ref='proc-rm-committer' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgproc-rm-committer' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_building-products external ref='freebsd-branches' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgfreebsd-branches' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='basics/example-dir2' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbasics/example-dir2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_building-products external ref='freebsd-organization' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgfreebsd-organization' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd7' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd7' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd13' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/parallels-freebsd13' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd3' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd5' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd5' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd02' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/vmware-freebsd02' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd07' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/vmware-freebsd07' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='mail/pine2' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgmail/pine2' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='mail/mutt2' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgmail/mutt2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='mail/pine1' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgmail/pine1' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgmail/pine4' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='advanced-networking/pxe-nfs' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgadvanced-networking/pxe-nfs' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-keymap-10' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-keymap-10' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-newboot-loader-menu' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-newboot-loader-menu' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-boot-options-menu' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-boot-options-menu' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-netinstall-files' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-netinstall-files' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-netinstall-mirrorselect' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-netinstall-mirrorselect' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-partmenu' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-partmenu' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-guided-disk' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-guided-disk' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-manual-partscheme' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-manual-partscheme' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-entire-part' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-entire-part' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-vdev_type' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-vdev_type' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-review' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-review' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-menu' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-menu' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-disk_select' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-disk_select' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-vdev_invalid' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-vdev_invalid' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-disk_info' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-disk_info' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-geli_password' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-geli_passworgd' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-warning' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-warning' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-distfile-fetching' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orbsdinstall/bsdinstall-distfile-fetching' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-distfile-verifying' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orbsdinstall/bsdinstall-distfile-verifying' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-wireless-scan' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-wireless-scan' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-final-confirmation' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-final-confirmation' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-wireless-wpa2setup' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-wireless-wpa2setup' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv4-static' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv4-static' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv4-dhcp' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv4-dhcp' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv6' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv6' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-slaac' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-slaac' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv6-static' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv6-static' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-region' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-region' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-zone' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-zone' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-adduser2' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-adduser2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-ipv4-dns' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-ipv4-dns' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-config-services' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-config-services' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-adduser1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-adduser1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-final-modification-shell' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-final-modification-shell' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-finalconfiguration' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-finalconfiguration' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-mainexit' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-mainexit' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='basics/example-dir1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbasics/example-dir1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='basics/example-dir3' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbasics/example-dir3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='basics/example-dir4' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbasics/example-dir4' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='basics/example-dir5' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbasics/example-dir5' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='geom/striping' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgeom/striping' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='basics/disk-layout' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbasics/disk-layout' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/parallels-freebsd1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd2' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/parallels-freebsd2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd6' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/parallels-freebsd6' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd3' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/parallels-freebsd3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd4' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/parallels-freebsd4' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd8' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/parallels-freebsd8' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd9' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/parallels-freebsd9' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/parallels-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/parallels-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/parallels-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd7' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/parallels-freebsd7' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd4' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd4' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd6' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd6' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd8' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd8' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd9' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd9' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd2' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd04' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/vmware-freebsd04' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd13' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/virtualpc-freebsd13' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd01' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/vmware-freebsd01' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd03' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/vmware-freebsd03' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd06' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/vmware-freebsd06' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd08' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/vmware-freebsd08' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd09' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/vmware-freebsd09' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/vmware-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/vmware-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd05' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/vmware-freebsd05' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook external ref='sockets/sainfill' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgsockets/sainfill' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='mail/mutt3' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgmail/mutt3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='mail/pine3' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgmail/pine3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='mail/mutt1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgmail/mutt1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='mail/pine5' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgmail/pine5' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgadvanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-manual-addpart' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-manual-addpart' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_building-products translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_design-44bsd external ref='fig1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgfig1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum external ref='vinum-striped-vol' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_remote-install translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_serial-uart translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_contributors translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng external ref='branches-releng6' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbranches-releng6' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook external ref='sockets/sain' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgsockets/sain' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum external ref='vinum-raid10-vol' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv4' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv4' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vm-design external ref='fig3' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgfig3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng external ref='branches-releng5' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbranches-releng5' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook external ref='sockets/layers' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgsockets/layers' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng external ref='branches-head' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbranches-head' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum external ref='vinum-concat' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vm-design external ref='fig1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgfig1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook external ref='sockets/sainmsb' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgsockets/sainmsb' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_new-users translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_rc-scripting translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-config-components' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-config-components' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_ipsec-must translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-keymap-loading' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orbsdinstall/bsdinstall-keymap-loading' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook external ref='sockets/sainlsb' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgsockets/sainlsb' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-hardening' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orbsdinstall/bsdinstall-hardening' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-pool-name' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-pool-name' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vm-design translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_solid-state translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-rescan-devices' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-rescan-devices' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-keymap-testing' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orbsdinstall/bsdinstall-keymap-testing' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-swap-amount' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-swap-amount' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-date' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-date' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_cups translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-time' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgbsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-time' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd5' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-orgrtualization/parallels-freebsd5' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-questions translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'translator-credits

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Glossary

English English
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Source information

Context
_
Source string comment

(itstool) path: imageobject/imagedata This is a reference to an external file such as an image or video. When the file changes, the md5 hash will change to let you know you need to update your localized copy. The msgstr is not used at all. Set it to whatever you like once you have updated your copy of the file.

Flags
read-only
Source string location
article.translate.xml:268
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
articles/vinum.pot, string 40