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(itstool) path: sect2/para
This volume is represented in <xref linkend="vinum-striped-vol"/>. The darkness of the stripes indicates the position within the plex address space, where the lightest stripes come first and the darkest last.
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Context English Portuguese (Brazil) State
The resilience of a volume can be increased by mirroring. When laying out a mirrored volume, it is important to ensure that the subdisks of each plex are on different drives, so that a drive failure will not take down both plexes. The following configuration mirrors a volume: A resiliência de um volume pode ser aumentada pelo espelhamento. Ao dispor um volume espelhado, é importante garantir que os subdiscos de cada plex estejam em unidades diferentes, de modo que uma falha no dispositivo não derrubará os dois plexes. A configuração a seguir espelha um volume:
drive b device /dev/da4h
volume mirror
plex org concat
sd length 512m drive a
plex org concat
sd length 512m drive b
drive b device /dev/da4h
volume mirror
plex org concat
sd length 512m drive a
plex org concat
sd length 512m drive b
In this example, it was not necessary to specify a definition of drive <emphasis>a</emphasis> again, since <filename>vinum</filename> keeps track of all objects in its configuration database. After processing this definition, the configuration looks like: Neste exemplo, não foi necessário especificar uma definição de drive <emphasis>a</emphasis> novamente, já que o <filename>vinum</filename> registra todos os objetos em seu banco de dados de configuração. Depois de processar esta definição, a configuração se parece com:

Drives: 2 (4 configured)
Volumes: 2 (4 configured)
Plexes: 3 (8 configured)
Subdisks: 3 (16 configured)

D a State: up Device /dev/da3h Avail: 1549/2573 MB (60%)
D b State: up Device /dev/da4h Avail: 2061/2573 MB (80%)

V myvol State: up Plexes: 1 Size: 512 MB
V mirror State: up Plexes: 2 Size: 512 MB

P myvol.p0 C State: up Subdisks: 1 Size: 512 MB
P mirror.p0 C State: up Subdisks: 1 Size: 512 MB
P mirror.p1 C State: initializing Subdisks: 1 Size: 512 MB

S myvol.p0.s0 State: up PO: 0 B Size: 512 MB
S mirror.p0.s0 State: up PO: 0 B Size: 512 MB
S mirror.p1.s0 State: empty PO: 0 B Size: 512 MB

Drives: 2 (4 configured)
Volumes: 2 (4 configured)
Plexes: 3 (8 configured)
Subdisks: 3 (16 configured)

D a State: up Device /dev/da3h Avail: 1549/2573 MB (60%)
D b State: up Device /dev/da4h Avail: 2061/2573 MB (80%)

V myvol State: up Plexes: 1 Size: 512 MB
V mirror State: up Plexes: 2 Size: 512 MB

P myvol.p0 C State: up Subdisks: 1 Size: 512 MB
P mirror.p0 C State: up Subdisks: 1 Size: 512 MB
P mirror.p1 C State: initializing Subdisks: 1 Size: 512 MB

S myvol.p0.s0 State: up PO: 0 B Size: 512 MB
S mirror.p0.s0 State: up PO: 0 B Size: 512 MB
S mirror.p1.s0 State: empty PO: 0 B Size: 512 MB
<xref linkend="vinum-mirrored-vol"/> shows the structure graphically. <xref linkend="vinum-mirrored-vol"/> mostra a estrutura graficamente.
A Mirrored <filename>vinum</filename> Volume Um volume <filename>vinum</filename> espelhado
_ external ref='vinum-mirrored-vol' md5='__failed__' external ref='vinum-mirrored-vol' md5='__ failed__'
In this example, each plex contains the full 512 MB of address space. As in the previous example, each plex contains only a single subdisk. Neste exemplo, cada plex contém os 512 MB completos do espaço de endereço. Como no exemplo anterior, cada plex contém apenas um único subdisco.
Optimizing Performance Otimizando o desempenho
The mirrored volume in the previous example is more resistant to failure than an unmirrored volume, but its performance is less as each write to the volume requires a write to both drives, using up a greater proportion of the total disk bandwidth. Performance considerations demand a different approach: instead of mirroring, the data is striped across as many disk drives as possible. The following configuration shows a volume with a plex striped across four disk drives: O volume espelhado no exemplo anterior é mais resistente a falhas do que um volume não espelhado, mas seu desempenho é menor, pois cada gravação no volume requer uma gravação nas duas unidades, utilizando uma grande parte da largura de banda total do disco. As considerações de desempenho exigem uma abordagem diferente: em vez de espelhar, os dados são distribuídos em quantas unidades de disco forem possíveis. A configuração a seguir mostra um volume com um plex distribuído em quatro unidades de disco:
drive c device /dev/da5h
drive d device /dev/da6h
volume stripe
plex org striped 512k
sd length 128m drive a
sd length 128m drive b
sd length 128m drive c
sd length 128m drive d
drive c device /dev/da5h
drive d device /dev/da6h
volume stripe
plex org striped 512k
sd length 128m drive a
sd length 128m drive b
sd length 128m drive c
sd length 128m drive d
As before, it is not necessary to define the drives which are already known to <filename>vinum</filename>. After processing this definition, the configuration looks like: Como antes, não é necessário definir as unidades que já são conhecidas por <filename>vinum</filename>. Depois de processar esta definição, a configuração se parece com:

Drives: 4 (4 configured)
Volumes: 3 (4 configured)
Plexes: 4 (8 configured)
Subdisks: 7 (16 configured)

D a State: up Device /dev/da3h Avail: 1421/2573 MB (55%)
D b State: up Device /dev/da4h Avail: 1933/2573 MB (75%)
D c State: up Device /dev/da5h Avail: 2445/2573 MB (95%)
D d State: up Device /dev/da6h Avail: 2445/2573 MB (95%)

V myvol State: up Plexes: 1 Size: 512 MB
V mirror State: up Plexes: 2 Size: 512 MB
V striped State: up Plexes: 1 Size: 512 MB

P myvol.p0 C State: up Subdisks: 1 Size: 512 MB
P mirror.p0 C State: up Subdisks: 1 Size: 512 MB
P mirror.p1 C State: initializing Subdisks: 1 Size: 512 MB
P striped.p1 State: up Subdisks: 1 Size: 512 MB

S myvol.p0.s0 State: up PO: 0 B Size: 512 MB
S mirror.p0.s0 State: up PO: 0 B Size: 512 MB
S mirror.p1.s0 State: empty PO: 0 B Size: 512 MB
S striped.p0.s0 State: up PO: 0 B Size: 128 MB
S striped.p0.s1 State: up PO: 512 kB Size: 128 MB
S striped.p0.s2 State: up PO: 1024 kB Size: 128 MB
S striped.p0.s3 State: up PO: 1536 kB Size: 128 MB

Drives: 4 (4 configured)
Volumes: 3 (4 configured)
Plexes: 4 (8 configured)
Subdisks: 7 (16 configured)

D a State: up Device /dev/da3h Avail: 1421/2573 MB (55%)
D b State: up Device /dev/da4h Avail: 1933/2573 MB (75%)
D c State: up Device /dev/da5h Avail: 2445/2573 MB (95%)
D d State: up Device /dev/da6h Avail: 2445/2573 MB (95%)

V myvol State: up Plexes: 1 Size: 512 MB
V mirror State: up Plexes: 2 Size: 512 MB
V striped State: up Plexes: 1 Size: 512 MB

P myvol.p0 C State: up Subdisks: 1 Size: 512 MB
P mirror.p0 C State: up Subdisks: 1 Size: 512 MB
P mirror.p1 C State: initializing Subdisks: 1 Size: 512 MB
P striped.p1 State: up Subdisks: 1 Size: 512 MB

S myvol.p0.s0 State: up PO: 0 B Size: 512 MB
S mirror.p0.s0 State: up PO: 0 B Size: 512 MB
S mirror.p1.s0 State: empty PO: 0 B Size: 512 MB
S striped.p0.s0 State: up PO: 0 B Size: 128 MB
S striped.p0.s1 State: up PO: 512 kB Size: 128 MB
S striped.p0.s2 State: up PO: 1024 kB Size: 128 MB
S striped.p0.s3 State: up PO: 1536 kB Size: 128 MB
A Striped <filename>vinum</filename> Volume Um volume <filename>vinum</filename> concatenado
_ external ref='vinum-striped-vol' md5='__failed__' external ref='vinum-striped-vol' md5='__ failed__'
This volume is represented in <xref linkend="vinum-striped-vol"/>. The darkness of the stripes indicates the position within the plex address space, where the lightest stripes come first and the darkest last. Este volume é representado em <xref linkend="vinum-striped-vol"/>. A escuridão das strips indica a posição dentro do espaço de endereço plex, onde as faixas mais claras vêm primeiro e as mais escuras por último.
Resilience and Performance Resiliência e Desempenho
<anchor xml:id="vinum-resilience"/>With sufficient hardware, it is possible to build volumes which show both increased resilience and increased performance compared to standard <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> partitions. A typical configuration file might be: <anchor xml:id="vinum-resilience"/> Com hardware suficiente, é possível construir volumes que mostrem maior resiliência e melhor desempenho em comparação com as partições padrão <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark>. Um arquivo de configuração típico pode ser:
volume raid10
plex org striped 512k
sd length 102480k drive a
sd length 102480k drive b
sd length 102480k drive c
sd length 102480k drive d
sd length 102480k drive e
plex org striped 512k
sd length 102480k drive c
sd length 102480k drive d
sd length 102480k drive e
sd length 102480k drive a
sd length 102480k drive b
volume raid10
plex org striped 512k
sd length 102480k drive a
sd length 102480k drive b
sd length 102480k drive c
sd length 102480k drive d
sd length 102480k drive e
plex org striped 512k
sd length 102480k drive c
sd length 102480k drive d
sd length 102480k drive e
sd length 102480k drive a
sd length 102480k drive b
The subdisks of the second plex are offset by two drives from those of the first plex. This helps to ensure that writes do not go to the same subdisks even if a transfer goes over two drives. Os subdiscos do segundo plex são compensados por duas unidades daquelas do primeiro plex. Isso ajuda a garantir que as gravações não vão para os mesmos subdiscos, mesmo que uma transferência passe por duas unidades.
<xref linkend="vinum-raid10-vol"/> represents the structure of this volume. <xref linkend="vinum-raid10-vol"/> representa a estrutura deste volume.
A Mirrored, Striped <filename>vinum</filename> Volume Um volume <filename>vinum</filename> espelhado e concatenado
_ external ref='vinum-raid10-vol' md5='__failed__' external ref='vinum-raid10-vol' md5='__ failed__'
Object Naming Nomeação de Objetos
<filename>vinum</filename> assigns default names to plexes and subdisks, although they may be overridden. Overriding the default names is not recommended as it does not bring a significant advantage and it can cause confusion. O <filename>vinum</filename> atribui nomes padrões a plexes e subdiscos, embora eles possam ser substituídos. Substituir os nomes padrões não é recomendado, pois não isso traz nenhuma vantagem significativa e pode causar confusão.
Names may contain any non-blank character, but it is recommended to restrict them to letters, digits and the underscore characters. The names of volumes, plexes, and subdisks may be up to 64 characters long, and the names of drives may be up to 32 characters long. Os nomes podem conter qualquer caractere não-branco, mas é recomendado restringi-los a letras, dígitos e caracteres de sublinhado. Os nomes de volumes, plexes e subdiscos podem ter até 64 caracteres e os nomes das unidades podem ter até 32 caracteres.
<filename>vinum</filename> objects are assigned device nodes in the hierarchy <filename class="directory">/dev/gvinum</filename>. The configuration shown above would cause <filename>vinum</filename> to create the following device nodes: Os objetos <filename>vinum</filename> são designados a device nodes na hierarquia <filename class="directory">/dev/gvinum</filename>. A configuração mostrada acima faria com que o <filename>vinum</filename> criasse os seguintes device nodes:
Device entries for each volume. These are the main devices used by <filename>vinum</filename>. The configuration above would include the devices <filename class="devicefile">/dev/gvinum/myvol</filename>, <filename class="devicefile">/dev/gvinum/mirror</filename>, <filename class="devicefile">/dev/gvinum/striped</filename>, <filename class="devicefile">/dev/gvinum/raid5</filename> and <filename class="devicefile">/dev/gvinum/raid10</filename>. Entradas de dispositivos para cada volume. Estes são os principais dispositivos usados pelo <filename>vinum</filename>. A configuração acima incluiria os dispositivos <filename class="devicefile">/dev/gvinum/myvol</filename>, <filename class="devicefile">/dev/gvinum/mirror</filename>, <filename class="devicefile">/dev/gvinum/striped</filename>, <filename class="devicefile">/dev/gvinum/raid5</filename> e o <filename class="devicefile">/dev/gvinum/raid10</filename>.
All volumes get direct entries under <filename class="directory">/dev/gvinum/</filename>. Todos os volumes recebem entradas diretas em <filename class="directory">/dev/gvinum/</filename>.
The directories <filename class="directory">/dev/gvinum/plex</filename>, and <filename class="directory">/dev/gvinum/sd</filename>, which contain device nodes for each plex and for each subdisk, respectively. Os diretórios <filename class="directory">/dev/gvinum/plex</filename>, e <filename class="directory"> /dev/gvinum/sd</filename> são aqueles que contém device nodes para cada plex e para cada subdisco, respectivamente.
For example, consider the following configuration file: Por exemplo, considere o seguinte arquivo de configuração:

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(itstool) path: sect2/para
Source string location
article.translate.xml:685
String age
a year ago
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a year ago
Translation file
articles/pt_BR/vinum.po, string 106