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(itstool) path: abstract/para
The latest version of this document is always available from the <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/index.html">FreeBSD World Wide Web server</link>. It may also be downloaded in a variety of formats and compression options from the <link xlink:href="https://download.freebsd.org/ftp/doc/">FreeBSD FTP server</link> or one of the numerous <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/mirrors-ftp.html">mirror sites</link>.
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Context English Portuguese (Brazil) State
FreeBSD Architecture Handbook Handbook de Arquitetura do FreeBSD
<orgname>The FreeBSD Documentation Project</orgname> <orgname>Projeto de Documentação do FreeBSD</orgname>
$FreeBSD: head/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/arch-handbook/book.xml 53369 2019-09-05 15:28:22Z bcr $ $FreeBSD: head/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/arch-handbook/book.xml 53369 2019-09-05 15:28:22Z bcr $
<year>2000</year> <year>2001</year> <year>2002</year> <year>2003</year> <year>2004</year> <year>2005</year> <year>2006</year> <year>2012</year> <year>2013</year> <holder>The FreeBSD Documentation Project</holder> <year>2000</year> <year>2001</year> <year>2002</year> <year>2003</year> <year>2004</year> <year>2005</year> <year>2006</year> <year>2012</year> <year>2013</year> <holder>The FreeBSD Documentation Project</holder>
FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation. FreeBSD is a registered trademark of the FreeBSD Foundation.
UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries. UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries.
Apple, AirPort, FireWire, iMac, iPhone, iPad, Mac, Macintosh, Mac OS, Quicktime, and TrueType are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Apple, AirPort, FireWire, iMac, iPhone, iPad, Mac, Macintosh, Mac OS, Quicktime, and TrueType are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.
Microsoft, IntelliMouse, MS-DOS, Outlook, Windows, Windows Media and Windows NT are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. Microsoft, IntelliMouse, MS-DOS, Outlook, Windows, Windows Media and Windows NT are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol. Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and the FreeBSD Project was aware of the trademark claim, the designations have been followed by the <quote>™</quote> or the <quote>®</quote> symbol.
Copyright Copyright
Redistribution and use in source (XML DocBook) and 'compiled' forms (XML, HTML, PDF, PostScript, RTF and so forth) with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met: Redistribution and use in source (XML DocBook) and 'compiled' forms (XML, HTML, PDF, PostScript, RTF and so forth) with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
Redistributions of source code (XML DocBook) must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer as the first lines of this file unmodified. Redistributions of source code (XML DocBook) must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer as the first lines of this file unmodified.
Redistributions in compiled form (transformed to other DTDs, converted to PDF, PostScript, RTF and other formats) must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. Redistributions in compiled form (transformed to other DTDs, converted to PDF, PostScript, RTF and other formats) must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
THIS DOCUMENTATION IS PROVIDED BY THE FREEBSD DOCUMENTATION PROJECT "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE FREEBSD DOCUMENTATION PROJECT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS DOCUMENTATION, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. THIS DOCUMENTATION IS PROVIDED BY THE FREEBSD DOCUMENTATION PROJECT "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE FREEBSD DOCUMENTATION PROJECT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS DOCUMENTATION, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
Welcome to the FreeBSD Architecture Handbook. This manual is a <emphasis>work in progress</emphasis> and is the work of many individuals. Many sections do not yet exist and some of those that do exist need to be updated. If you are interested in helping with this project, send email to the <link xlink:href="http://lists.FreeBSD.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-doc">FreeBSD documentation project mailing list</link>. Welcome to the FreeBSD Architecture Handbook. This manual is a <emphasis>work in progress</emphasis> and is the work of many individuals. Many sections do not yet exist and some of those that do exist need to be updated. If you are interested in helping with this project, send email to the <link xlink:href="http://lists.FreeBSD.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-doc">FreeBSD documentation project mailing list</link>.
The latest version of this document is always available from the <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/index.html">FreeBSD World Wide Web server</link>. It may also be downloaded in a variety of formats and compression options from the <link xlink:href="https://download.freebsd.org/ftp/doc/">FreeBSD FTP server</link> or one of the numerous <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/mirrors-ftp.html">mirror sites</link>. The latest version of this document is always available from the <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/index.html">FreeBSD World Wide Web server</link>. It may also be downloaded in a variety of formats and compression options from the <link xlink:href="https://download.freebsd.org/ftp/doc/">FreeBSD FTP server</link> or one of the numerous <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/mirrors-ftp.html">mirror sites</link>.
Kernel Kernel
Bootstrapping and Kernel Initialization Bootstrapping e Inicialização do Kernel
<personname> <firstname>Sergey</firstname> <surname>Lyubka</surname> </personname> <contrib>Contributed by </contrib> <personname><firstname>Sergey</firstname><surname> Lyubka</surname></personname><contrib> Contribuíram por </contrib>
<personname> <firstname>Sergio Andrés</firstname> <surname> Gómez del Real</surname> </personname> <contrib>Updated and enhanced by </contrib> <personname> <firstname>Sergio Andrés</firstname> <surname> Gómez del Real</surname> </personname> <contrib>Atualizado e melhorado por </contrib>
Synopsis Sinopse
<primary>BIOS</primary> <primary>BIOS</primary>
<primary>firmware</primary> <primary>firmware</primary>
<primary>POST</primary> <primary>POST</primary>
<primary>IA-32</primary> <primary>IA-32</primary>
<primary>booting</primary> <primary>inicialização</primary>
<primary>system initialization</primary> <primary>inicialização do sistema</primary>
This chapter is an overview of the boot and system initialization processes, starting from the <acronym>BIOS</acronym> (firmware) <acronym>POST</acronym>, to the first user process creation. Since the initial steps of system startup are very architecture dependent, the IA-32 architecture is used as an example. Este capítulo é uma visão geral dos processos de inicialização e inicialização do sistema, desde o <acronym>POST</acronym> da <acronym>BIOS</acronym> (firmware) até a primeira criação do processo do usuário. Como as etapas iniciais da inicialização do sistema são muito dependentes da arquitetura, a arquitetura IA-32 é usada como um exemplo.
The FreeBSD boot process can be surprisingly complex. After control is passed from the <acronym>BIOS</acronym>, a considerable amount of low-level configuration must be done before the kernel can be loaded and executed. This setup must be done in a simple and flexible manner, allowing the user a great deal of customization possibilities. O processo de inicialização do FreeBSD pode ser surpreendentemente complexo. Após o controle ser passado da <acronym>BIOS</acronym>, uma quantidade considerável de configuração de baixo nével deve ser feita antes que o kernel possa ser carregado e executado. Essa configuração deve ser feita de maneira simples e flexível, permitindo ao usuário uma grande quantidade de possibilidades de personalização.
Overview Visão geral
The boot process is an extremely machine-dependent activity. Not only must code be written for every computer architecture, but there may also be multiple types of booting on the same architecture. For example, a directory listing of <filename>/usr/src/sys/boot</filename> reveals a great amount of architecture-dependent code. There is a directory for each of the various supported architectures. In the x86-specific <filename>i386</filename> directory, there are subdirectories for different boot standards like <filename>mbr</filename> (Master Boot Record), <filename>gpt</filename> (<acronym>GUID</acronym> Partition Table), and <filename>efi</filename> (Extensible Firmware Interface). Each boot standard has its own conventions and data structures. The example that follows shows booting an x86 computer from an <acronym>MBR</acronym> hard drive with the FreeBSD <filename>boot0</filename> multi-boot loader stored in the very first sector. That boot code starts the FreeBSD three-stage boot process. O processo de inicialização é uma atividade extremamente dependente da máquina. Não sé deve ser escrito código para cada arquitetura de computador, mas também pode haver vários tipos de inicialização na mesma arquitetura. Por exemplo, uma lista de diretórios de <filename>/usr/src/sys/boot</filename> revela uma grande quantidade de código dependente de arquitetura. Existe um diretório para cada uma das várias arquiteturas suportadas. No x86-specific <filename>i386</filename> diretório, existem subdiretórios para diferentes padrões de inicialização, como <filename>mbr</filename> (Master Boot Record), <filename>gpt</filename> (Tabela de Partição <acronym>GUID</acronym> ) e <filename>efi</filename> (Interface de Firmware Extensível). Cada padrão de inicialização possui suas próprias convenções e estruturas de dados. O exemplo a seguir mostra a inicialização de um computador x86 de um disco rígido <acronym>MBR</acronym> com o FreeBSD <filename>boot0</filename> carregador multi-boot armazenado no primeiro setor. Esse código inicia o processo de inicialização de três estágios do FreeBSD.
ComponentTranslation
This translation Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_arch-handbook The latest version of this document is always available from the <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/index.html">FreeBSD World Wide Web server</link>. It may also be downloaded in a variety of formats and compression options from the <link xlink:href="https://download.freebsd.org/ftp/doc/">FreeBSD FTP server</link> or one of the numerous <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/mirrors-ftp.html">mirror sites</link>.
The following string has the same context and source.
Needs editing FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook A versão mais recente deste documento está sempre disponível no site <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/index.html"> Servidor da World Wide Web do FreeBSD </link> . Ele também pode ser baixado em vários formatos e opções de compactação do <link xlink:href="https://download.freebsd.org/ftp/doc/"> Servidor FTP FreeBSD </link> ou um dos numerosos <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/mirrors-ftp.html"> sites espelho </link>

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(itstool) path: abstract/para
Source string location
book.translate.xml:236
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/pt_BR/arch-handbook.po, string 17