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_ translator-credits Aaron H Farias Martinez timido@ubuntu.com, 2020
The Design and Implementation of the 4.4BSD Operating System El diseño e implementación del sistema operativo 4.4BSD
<personname><firstname>Marshall</firstname><othername>Kirk</othername><surname>McKusick</surname></personname> <personname><firstname>Marshall</firstname><othername>Kirk</othername><surname>McKusick</surname></personname>
<personname><firstname>Keith</firstname><surname>Bostic</surname></personname> <personname><firstname>Keith</firstname><surname>Bostic</surname></personname>
<personname><firstname>Michael</firstname><othername>J.</othername><surname>Karels</surname></personname> <personname><firstname>Michael</firstname><othername>J.</othername><surname>Karels</surname></personname>
<personname><firstname>John</firstname><othername>S.</othername><surname>Quarterman</surname></personname> <personname><firstname>John</firstname><othername>S.</othername><surname>Quarterman</surname></personname>
<year>1996</year> <holder>Addison-Wesley Longman, Inc</holder> <year>1996</year> <holder>Addison-Wesley Longman, Inc</holder>
The second chapter of the book, <citetitle>The Design and Implementation of the 4.4BSD Operating System</citetitle> is excerpted here with the permission of the publisher. No part of it may be further reproduced or distributed without the publisher's express written <link xlink:href="mailto:peter.gordon@awl.com">permission</link>. The rest of <link xlink:href="http://cseng.aw.com/catalog/academic/product/0,1144,0201549794,00.html">the book</link> explores the concepts introduced in this chapter in incredible detail and is an excellent reference for anyone with an interest in BSD UNIX. More information about this book is available from the publisher, with whom you can also sign up to receive news of <link xlink:href="mailto:curt.johnson@awl.com">related titles</link>. Information about <link xlink:href="http://www.mckusick.com/courses/">BSD courses</link> is available from Kirk McKusick.
$FreeBSD: head/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/design-44bsd/book.xml 44677 2014-04-28 19:36:49Z wblock $ $FreeBSD: head/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/design-44bsd/book.xml 44677 2014-04-28 19:36:49Z wblock $
Design Overview of 4.4BSD Descripción general del diseño de 4.4BSD
4.4BSD Facilities and the Kernel 4.4 Instalaciones de BSD y el núcleo
The 4.4BSD kernel provides four basic facilities: processes, a filesystem, communications, and system startup. This section outlines where each of these four basic services is described in this book. El kernel 4.4BSD proporciona cuatro facilidades básicas: procesos, un sistema de archivos, comunicaciones e inicio del sistema. Esta sección describe dónde se describe cada uno de estos cuatro servicios básicos en este libro.
Processes constitute a thread of control in an address space. Mechanisms for creating, terminating, and otherwise controlling processes are described in Chapter 4. The system multiplexes separate virtual-address spaces for each process; this memory management is discussed in Chapter 5. Los procesos constituyen un hilo de control en un espacio de direcciones. Los mecanismos para crear, terminar y controlar de otro modo los procesos se describen en el Capítulo 4. El sistema multiplexa espacios separados de direcciones virtuales para cada proceso; esta gestión de la memoria se analiza en el Capítulo 5.
The user interface to the filesystem and devices is similar; common aspects are discussed in Chapter 6. The filesystem is a set of named files, organized in a tree-structured hierarchy of directories, and of operations to manipulate them, as presented in Chapter 7. Files reside on physical media such as disks. 4.4BSD supports several organizations of data on the disk, as set forth in Chapter 8. Access to files on remote machines is the subject of Chapter 9. Terminals are used to access the system; their operation is the subject of Chapter 10. La interfaz de usuario para el sistema de archivos y los dispositivos es similar; los aspectos comunes se analizan en el Capítulo 6. El sistema de archivos es un conjunto de archivos con nombre, organizados en una jerarquía de directorios estructurada en árbol, y de operaciones para manipularlos, como se presenta en el Capítulo 7. Los archivos residen en medios físicos como discos. 4.4BSD soporta varias organizaciones de datos en el disco, como se establece en el Capítulo 8. El acceso a archivos en máquinas remotas es el tema del Capítulo 9. Los terminales se utilizan para acceder al sistema; su funcionamiento es el tema del Capítulo 10.
Communication mechanisms provided by traditional UNIX systems include simplex reliable byte streams between related processes (see pipes, Section 11.1), and notification of exceptional events (see signals, Section 4.7). 4.4BSD also has a general interprocess-communication facility. This facility, described in Chapter 11, uses access mechanisms distinct from those of the filesystem, but, once a connection is set up, a process can access it as though it were a pipe. There is a general networking framework, discussed in Chapter 12, that is normally used as a layer underlying the IPC facility. Chapter 13 describes a particular networking implementation in detail. Los mecanismos de comunicación proporcionados por los sistemas UNIX tradicionales incluyen flujos de bytes confiables simplex entre procesos relacionados (ver canalizaciones, Sección 11.1) y notificación de eventos excepcionales (ver señales, Sección 4.7). 4.4BSD también tiene una función general de comunicación entre procesos. Esta función, descrita en el Capítulo 11, utiliza mecanismos de acceso distintos de los del sistema de archivos, pero, una vez que se establece una conexión, un proceso puede acceder a ella como si fuera una tubería. Existe un marco general de redes, que se analiza en el Capítulo 12, que normalmente se utiliza como capa subyacente a la función IPC. El Capítulo 13 describe en detalle una implementación de red particular.
Any real operating system has operational issues, such as how to start it running. Startup and operational issues are described in Chapter 14. Cualquier sistema operativo real tiene problemas operativos, como cómo ponerlo en funcionamiento. Los problemas operativos y de inicio se describen en el Capítulo 14.

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This translation Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/books_design-44bsd
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Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_hubs Aaron H Farias Martinez timido@ubuntu.com, 2020translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_bsdl-gpl Manuel Megías joramsinkin@hotmail.com, 2018
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019
Aaron H Farias Martinez tTimido@ubuntu.com, 2020
Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_committers-guide Aaron H Farias Martinez timido@ubuntu.com, 2020Manuel Megías joramsinkin@hotmail.com, 2019
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_contributing Aaron H Farias Martinez timido@ubuntu.com, José Ramón Baz jr_baz@hartu.net
José Vicente Carrasco carvay@es.FreeBSD.org
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019,
2020
Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_building-products Manuel Megías joramsinkin@hotmail.com, 2018
Aaron H Farias Martinez timido@ubuntu.com, 2020
Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_contributors
Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_ipsec-must Aaron H Farias Martinez timido@ubuntu.comSergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 202019
Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_filtering-bridge Aaron H Farias Martinez timido@ubuntu.comSergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2020
Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_explaining-bsd José Ramón Baz jr_baz@hartu.net
José Vicente Carrasco carvay@es.FreeBSD.org
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Aaron H Farias Martinez timido@ubuntu.com, 2020
Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/books_handbook Aaron H Farias Martinez t<Timido@ubuntu.com>, 2020
Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_mailing-list-faq Aaron H Farias Martinez timido@ubuntu.comEquipo de traducción de FreeBSD al Español
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org
, 202019
Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_pgpkeys Aaron H Farias Martinez timido@ubuntu.comSergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 202019
Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/books_porters-handbook Aaron H Farias Martinez tTimido@ubuntu.com, 2020,
Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/books_faq Aaron H Farias Martinez timido@ubuntu.com, 2020Federico Caminiti demian.fc@gmail.com, 2015, 2016
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_leap-seconds Aaron H Farias Martinez timido@ubuntu.comFederico Caminiti demian.fc@gmail.com
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org
, 202019
Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/books_developers-handbook Aaron H Farias Martinez tTimido@ubuntu.com, 2020,
Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/books_fdp-primer Aaron H Farias Martinez tTimido@ubuntu.com, 2020
Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_serial-uart Aaron H Farias Martinez tTimido@ubuntu.com, 2020,
Translated FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_freebsd-releng Aaron H Farias Martinez timido@ubuntu.comSergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 202019

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translator-credits
Aaron H Farias Martinez timido@ubuntu.com, 2020
2 months ago
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Put one translator per line, in the form NAME <EMAIL>, YEAR1, YEAR2
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