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(itstool) path: imageobject/imagedata This is a reference to an external file such as an image or video. When the file changes, the md5 hash will change to let you know you need to update your localized copy. The msgstr is not used at all. Set it to whatever you like once you have updated your copy of the file.

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Context English State
<personname> <firstname>G. Adam</firstname> <surname>Stanislav</surname> </personname> <contrib>Contributed by </contrib>
<acronym>BSD</acronym> sockets take interprocess communications to a new level. It is no longer necessary for the communicating processes to run on the same machine. They still <emphasis>can</emphasis>, but they do not have to.
Not only do these processes not have to run on the same machine, they do not have to run under the same operating system. Thanks to <acronym>BSD</acronym> sockets, your FreeBSD software can smoothly cooperate with a program running on a <trademark class="registered">Macintosh</trademark>, another one running on a <trademark>Sun</trademark> workstation, yet another one running under <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> 2000, all connected with an Ethernet-based local area network.
But your software can equally well cooperate with processes running in another building, or on another continent, inside a submarine, or a space shuttle.
It can also cooperate with processes that are not part of a computer (at least not in the strict sense of the word), but of such devices as printers, digital cameras, medical equipment. Just about anything capable of digital communications.
Networking and Diversity
We have already hinted on the <emphasis>diversity</emphasis> of networking. Many different systems have to talk to each other. And they have to speak the same language. They also have to <emphasis>understand</emphasis> the same language the same way.
People often think that <emphasis>body language</emphasis> is universal. But it is not. Back in my early teens, my father took me to Bulgaria. We were sitting at a table in a park in Sofia, when a vendor approached us trying to sell us some roasted almonds.
I had not learned much Bulgarian by then, so, instead of saying no, I shook my head from side to side, the <quote>universal</quote> body language for <emphasis>no</emphasis>. The vendor quickly started serving us some almonds.
I then remembered I had been told that in Bulgaria shaking your head sideways meant <emphasis>yes</emphasis>. Quickly, I started nodding my head up and down. The vendor noticed, took his almonds, and walked away. To an uninformed observer, I did not change the body language: I continued using the language of shaking and nodding my head. What changed was the <emphasis>meaning</emphasis> of the body language. At first, the vendor and I interpreted the same language as having completely different meaning. I had to adjust my own interpretation of that language so the vendor would understand.
It is the same with computers: The same symbols may have different, even outright opposite meaning. Therefore, for two computers to understand each other, they must not only agree on the same <emphasis>language</emphasis>, but on the same <emphasis>interpretation</emphasis> of the language.
Protocols
While various programming languages tend to have complex syntax and use a number of multi-letter reserved words (which makes them easy for the human programmer to understand), the languages of data communications tend to be very terse. Instead of multi-byte words, they often use individual <emphasis>bits</emphasis>. There is a very convincing reason for it: While data travels <emphasis>inside</emphasis> your computer at speeds approaching the speed of light, it often travels considerably slower between two computers.
Because the languages used in data communications are so terse, we usually refer to them as <emphasis>protocols</emphasis> rather than languages.
As data travels from one computer to another, it always uses more than one protocol. These protocols are <emphasis>layered</emphasis>. The data can be compared to the inside of an onion: You have to peel off several layers of <quote>skin</quote> to get to the data. This is best illustrated with a picture:
_ external ref='sockets/layers' md5='__failed__'
+----------------+
| Ethernet |
|+--------------+|
|| IP ||
||+------------+||
||| TCP |||
|||+----------+|||
|||| HTTP ||||
||||+--------+||||
||||| PNG |||||
|||||+------+|||||
|||||| Data ||||||
|||||+------+|||||
||||+--------+||||
|||+----------+|||
||+------------+||
|+--------------+|
+----------------+
<imageobject> <imagedata fileref="sockets/layers"/> </imageobject> <textobject> <_:literallayout-1/> </textobject> <textobject> <phrase>Protocol Layers</phrase> </textobject>
In this example, we are trying to get an image from a web page we are connected to via an Ethernet.
The image consists of raw data, which is simply a sequence of <acronym>RGB</acronym> values that our software can process, i.e., convert into an image and display on our monitor.
Alas, our software has no way of knowing how the raw data is organized: Is it a sequence of <acronym>RGB</acronym> values, or a sequence of grayscale intensities, or perhaps of <acronym>CMYK</acronym> encoded colors? Is the data represented by 8-bit quanta, or are they 16 bits in size, or perhaps 4 bits? How many rows and columns does the image consist of? Should certain pixels be transparent?
I think you get the picture...
To inform our software how to handle the raw data, it is encoded as a <acronym>PNG</acronym> file. It could be a <acronym>GIF</acronym>, or a <acronym>JPEG</acronym>, but it is a <acronym>PNG</acronym>.
And <acronym>PNG</acronym> is a protocol.
At this point, I can hear some of you yelling, <emphasis><quote>No, it is not! It is a file format!</quote></emphasis>
Well, of course it is a file format. But from the perspective of data communications, a file format is a protocol: The file structure is a <emphasis>language</emphasis>, a terse one at that, communicating to our <emphasis>process</emphasis> how the data is organized. Ergo, it is a <emphasis>protocol</emphasis>.
Alas, if all we received was the <acronym>PNG</acronym> file, our software would be facing a serious problem: How is it supposed to know the data is representing an image, as opposed to some text, or perhaps a sound, or what not? Secondly, how is it supposed to know the image is in the <acronym>PNG</acronym> format as opposed to <acronym>GIF</acronym>, or <acronym>JPEG</acronym>, or some other image format?
To obtain that information, we are using another protocol: <acronym>HTTP</acronym>. This protocol can tell us exactly that the data represents an image, and that it uses the <acronym>PNG</acronym> protocol. It can also tell us some other things, but let us stay focused on protocol layers here.
So, now we have some data wrapped in the <acronym>PNG</acronym> protocol, wrapped in the <acronym>HTTP</acronym> protocol. How did we get it from the server?
By using <acronym>TCP/IP</acronym> over Ethernet, that is how. Indeed, that is three more protocols. Instead of continuing inside out, I am now going to talk about Ethernet, simply because it is easier to explain the rest that way.
Ethernet is an interesting system of connecting computers in a <emphasis>local area network</emphasis> (<acronym>LAN</acronym>). Each computer has a <emphasis>network interface card</emphasis> (<acronym>NIC</acronym>), which has a unique 48-bit <acronym>ID</acronym> called its <emphasis>address</emphasis>. No two Ethernet <acronym>NIC</acronym>s in the world have the same address.
ComponentTranslation
This translation Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook external ref='sockets/layers' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-post-root-passwd' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/vmware-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-ufs-warning' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersfig2' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-distfile-extracting' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-country' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-confirm' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbasics/example-dir2' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layerfreebsd-branches' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layers' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
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external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/parallels-freebsd13' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/virtualpc-freebsd7' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/virtualpc-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-netinstall-mirrorselect' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-partmenu' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-entire-part' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-manual-partscheme' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-guided-disk' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-review' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-menu' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-vdev_type' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-vdev_invalid' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-disk_select' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-disk_info' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-geli_password' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-warning' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-distfile-verifying' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-wireless-scan' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-final-confirmation' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv4-static' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv4-static' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-wireless-wpa2setup' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-wireless-wpa2setup' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv4-dhcp' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv4-dhcp' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv6' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv6' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-slaac' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-slaac' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv6-static' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv6-static' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-ipv4-dns' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layerbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-ipv4-dns' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-region' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-region' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-config-services' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layerbsdinstall/bsdinstall-config-services' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-adduser1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/laybsdinstall/bsdinstall-addusers1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-adduser2' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/laybsdinstall/bsdinstall-addusers2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-finalconfiguration' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-finalconfiguration' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-mainexit' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-mainexit' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='basics/example-dir1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbasics/example-dir1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='basics/example-dir3' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbasics/example-dir3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='basics/example-dir5' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbasics/example-dir5' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='basics/disk-layout' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbasics/disk-layout' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='geom/striping' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersgeom/striping' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd3' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/parallels-freebsd3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd4' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/parallels-freebsd4' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/parallels-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/parallels-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/parallels-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/virtualpc-freebsd1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd2' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/virtualpc-freebsd2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd6' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/virtualpc-freebsd6' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd9' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/virtualpc-freebsd9' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd01' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/vmware-freebsd01' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd04' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/vmware-freebsd04' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd05' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/vmware-freebsd05' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd08' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/vmware-freebsd08' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd09' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/vmware-freebsd09' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/vmware-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='mail/mutt1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersmail/mutt1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='mail/mutt3' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersmail/mutt3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-zone' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-zone' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-final-modification-shell' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-final-modification-shell' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='basics/example-dir4' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbasics/example-dir4' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/parallels-freebsd1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd2' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/parallels-freebsd2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd6' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/parallels-freebsd6' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd7' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/parallels-freebsd7' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd8' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/parallels-freebsd8' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd9' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/parallels-freebsd9' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd4' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/virtualpc-freebsd4' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd8' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/virtualpc-freebsd8' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/virtualpc-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/virtualpc-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd13' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/virtualpc-freebsd13' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd03' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/vmware-freebsd03' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd06' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/vmware-freebsd06' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/vmware-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='mail/pine3' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersmail/pine3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='mail/pine5' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersmail/pine5' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layeradvanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-manual-addpart' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-manual-addpart' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook external ref='sockets/sainfill' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_building-products translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layers' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_design-44bsd external ref='fig1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersfig1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum external ref='vinum-striped-vol' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvinum-striped-vol' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_remote-install translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layers' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_serial-uart translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layers' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layers' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_contributors translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layers' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng external ref='branches-releng6' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbranches-releng6' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook external ref='sockets/sain' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv4' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-configure-network-interface-ipv4' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum external ref='vinum-raid10-vol' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvinum-raid10-vol' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum external ref='vinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvinum-raid5-org' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng external ref='branches-releng5' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbranches-releng5' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vm-design external ref='fig3' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersfig3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng external ref='branches-head' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbranches-head' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum external ref='vinum-concat' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvinum-concat' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vm-design external ref='fig1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersfig1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook external ref='sockets/sainmsb' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_new-users translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layers' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-keymap-testing' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-keymap-testing' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_rc-scripting translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layers' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-config-components' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layerbsdinstall/bsdinstall-config-components' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_ipsec-must translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layers' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvinum-striped' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-keymap-loading' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-keymap-loading' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-hardening' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-hardening' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_developers-handbook external ref='sockets/sainlsb' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vm-design translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layers' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_solid-state translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layers' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-rescan-devices' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layerbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-rescan-devices' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-pool-name' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-pool-name' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-swap-amount' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-zfs-swap-amount' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-time' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-time' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_cups translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layers' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-date' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersbsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-date' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd5' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layersvirtualization/parallels-freebsd5' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-questions translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='sockets/layers' md5='__failed__'translator-credits

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Source string comment

(itstool) path: imageobject/imagedata This is a reference to an external file such as an image or video. When the file changes, the md5 hash will change to let you know you need to update your localized copy. The msgstr is not used at all. Set it to whatever you like once you have updated your copy of the file.

Flags
read-only
Source string location
book.translate.xml:4977
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/developers-handbook.pot, string 831