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(itstool) path: informalexample/programlisting
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This will both produce an executable <filename>foobar</filename> from the C++ source file <filename></filename>.
Common <command>cc</command> Queries and Problems
I am trying to write a program which uses the <function>sin()</function> function and I get an error like this. What does it mean?
/var/tmp/cc0143941.o: Undefined symbol `_sin' referenced from text segment
When using mathematical functions like <function>sin()</function>, you have to tell <command>cc</command> to link in the math library, like so:
All right, I wrote this simple program to practice using <option>-lm</option>. All it does is raise 2.1 to the power of 6.
#include &lt;stdio.h&gt;

int main() {
float f;

f = pow(2.1, 6);
printf("2.1 ^ 6 = %f\n", f);
return 0;
and I compiled it as:
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>cc temp.c -lm</userinput>
like you said I should, but I get this when I run it:
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>./a.out</userinput>
2.1 ^ 6 = 1023.000000
This is <emphasis>not</emphasis> the right answer! What is going on?
When the compiler sees you call a function, it checks if it has already seen a prototype for it. If it has not, it assumes the function returns an <type>int</type>, which is definitely not what you want here.
So how do I fix this?
The prototypes for the mathematical functions are in <filename>math.h</filename>. If you include this file, the compiler will be able to find the prototype and it will stop doing strange things to your calculation!
#include &lt;math.h&gt;
#include &lt;stdio.h&gt;

int main() {
After recompiling it as you did before, run it:
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>./a.out</userinput>
2.1 ^ 6 = 85.766121
If you are using any of the mathematical functions, <emphasis>always</emphasis> include <filename>math.h</filename> and remember to link in the math library.
I compiled a file called <filename>foobar.c</filename> and I cannot find an executable called <filename>foobar</filename>. Where has it gone?
Remember, <command>cc</command> will call the executable <filename>a.out</filename> unless you tell it differently. Use the <option>-o <replaceable>filename</replaceable></option> option:
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>cc -o foobar foobar.c</userinput>
OK, I have an executable called <filename>foobar</filename>, I can see it when I run <command>ls</command>, but when I type in <command>foobar</command> at the command prompt it tells me there is no such file. Why can it not find it?
Unlike <trademark class="registered">MS-DOS</trademark>, <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> does not look in the current directory when it is trying to find out which executable you want it to run, unless you tell it to. Type <command>./foobar</command>, which means <quote>run the file called <filename>foobar</filename> in the current directory.</quote>
I called my executable <filename>test</filename>, but nothing happens when I run it. What is going on?
Most <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> systems have a program called <command>test</command> in <filename>/usr/bin</filename> and the shell is picking that one up before it gets to checking the current directory. Either type:
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>./test</userinput>
or choose a better name for your program!
I compiled my program and it seemed to run all right at first, then there was an error and it said something about <errorname>core dumped</errorname>. What does that mean?
The name <firstterm>core dump</firstterm> dates back to the very early days of <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark>, when the machines used core memory for storing data. Basically, if the program failed under certain conditions, the system would write the contents of core memory to disk in a file called <filename>core</filename>, which the programmer could then pore over to find out what went wrong.
Fascinating stuff, but what I am supposed to do now?


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Source string comment
(itstool) path: informalexample/programlisting
no-wrap, read-only
Source string location
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/developers-handbook.pot, string 205