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(itstool) path: answer/programlisting
Context English State
Why can I not get user quotas to work properly?
It is possible that the kernel is not configured to use quotas. In this case, add the following line to the kernel configuration file and recompile the kernel:
options QUOTA
Refer to the <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/quotas.html">Handbook entry on quotas</link> for full details.
Do not turn on quotas on <filename>/</filename>.
Put the quota file on the file system that the quotas are to be enforced on:
File System
Quota file
<filename>/usr</filename>
<filename>/usr/admin/quotas</filename>
<filename>/home</filename>
<filename>/home/admin/quotas</filename>
Does FreeBSD support System V IPC primitives?
Yes, FreeBSD supports System V-style IPC, including shared memory, messages and semaphores, in the <filename>GENERIC</filename> kernel. With a custom kernel, support may be loaded with the <filename>sysvshm.ko</filename>, <filename>sysvsem.ko</filename> and <filename>sysvmsg.ko</filename> kernel modules, or enabled in the custom kernel by adding the following lines to the kernel configuration file:
options SYSVSHM # enable shared memory
options SYSVSEM # enable for semaphores
options SYSVMSG # enable for messaging
Recompile and install the kernel.
What other mail-server software can I use instead of <application>Sendmail</application>?
The <link xlink:href="http://www.sendmail.org/"><application>Sendmail</application></link> server is the default mail-server software for FreeBSD, but it can be replaced with another MTA installed from the Ports Collection. Available ports include <package>mail/exim</package>, <package>mail/postfix</package>, and <package>mail/qmail</package>. Search the mailing lists for discussions regarding the advantages and disadvantages of the available MTAs.
I have forgotten the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> password! What do I do?
Do not panic! Restart the system, type <userinput>boot -s</userinput> at the <literal>Boot:</literal> prompt to enter single-user mode. At the question about the shell to use, hit <keycap>Enter</keycap> which will display a <prompt>#</prompt> prompt. Enter <command>mount -urw /</command> to remount the root file system read/write, then run <command>mount -a</command> to remount all the file systems. Run <command>passwd root</command> to change the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> password then run <citerefentry><refentrytitle>exit</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> to continue booting.
If you are still prompted to give the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> password when entering the single-user mode, it means that the console has been marked as <literal>insecure</literal> in <filename>/etc/ttys</filename>. In this case, it will be required to boot from a FreeBSD installation disk, choose the <guimenuitem>Live CD</guimenuitem> or <guimenuitem>Shell</guimenuitem> at the beginning of the install process and issue the commands mentioned above. Mount the specific partition in this case and then chroot to it. For example, replace <command>mount -urw /</command> with <command>mount /dev/ada0p1 /mnt; chroot /mnt</command> for a system on <replaceable>ada0p1</replaceable>.
If the root partition cannot be mounted from single-user mode, it is possible that the partitions are encrypted and it is impossible to mount them without the access keys. For more information see the section about encrypted disks in the FreeBSD <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/disks-encrypting.html">Handbook</link>.
How do I keep <keycombo action="simul"><keycap>Control</keycap><keycap>Alt</keycap><keycap>Delete</keycap></keycombo> from rebooting the system?
When using <citerefentry><refentrytitle>vt</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry>, the default console driver, this can be done by setting the following <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sysctl</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>sysctl kern.vt.kbd_reboot=0</userinput>
How do I reformat DOS text files to <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> ones?
Use this <citerefentry><refentrytitle>perl</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> command:
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>perl -i.bak -npe 's/\r\n/\n/g' file(s)</userinput>
where <replaceable>file(s)</replaceable> is one or more files to process. The modification is done in-place, with the original file stored with a <filename>.bak</filename> extension.
Alternatively, use <citerefentry><refentrytitle>tr</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry>:

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Source information

Source string comment
(itstool) path: answer/programlisting
Flags
no-wrap, read-only
Source string location
book.translate.xml:3633
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/faq.pot, string 586