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<acronym>HTML</acronym> has gone through a number of versions. The <acronym>XML</acronym>-compliant version described here is called <acronym>XHTML</acronym>. The latest widespread version is <acronym>XHTML</acronym> 1.0, available in both <emphasis>strict</emphasis> and <emphasis>transitional</emphasis> variants.
The <acronym>XHTML</acronym> <acronym>DTDs</acronym> are available from the Ports Collection in <package>textproc/xhtml</package>. They are automatically installed by the <package>textproc/docproj</package> port.
This is <emphasis>not</emphasis> an exhaustive list of elements, since that would just repeat the documentation for <acronym>XHTML</acronym>. The aim is to list those elements most commonly used. Please post questions about elements or uses not covered here to the <link xlink:href="http://lists.FreeBSD.org/mailman/listinfo/freebsd-doc">FreeBSD documentation project mailing list</link>.
Inline Versus Block
In the remainder of this document, when describing elements, <emphasis>inline</emphasis> means that the element can occur within a block element, and does not cause a line break. A <emphasis>block</emphasis> element, by comparison, will cause a line break (and other processing) when it is encountered.
Formal Public Identifier (<acronym>FPI</acronym>)
There are a number of <acronym>XHTML</acronym> <acronym>FPI</acronym>s, depending upon the version, or <emphasis>level</emphasis> of <acronym>XHTML</acronym> to which a document conforms. Most <acronym>XHTML</acronym> documents on the FreeBSD web site comply with the transitional version of <acronym>XHTML</acronym> 1.0.
PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
Sectional Elements
An <acronym>XHTML</acronym> document is normally split into two sections. The first section, called the <emphasis>head</emphasis>, contains meta-information about the document, such as its title, the name of the author, the parent document, and so on. The second section, the <emphasis>body</emphasis>, contains content that will be displayed to the user.
These sections are indicated with <tag>head</tag> and <tag>body</tag> elements respectively. These elements are contained within the top-level <tag>html</tag> element.
Normal <acronym>XHTML</acronym> Document Structure
<tag class="starttag">html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"</tag>
<tag class="starttag">head</tag>
<tag class="starttag">title</tag><replaceable>The Document's Title</replaceable><tag class="endtag">title</tag>
<tag class="endtag">head</tag>

<tag class="starttag">body</tag>



<tag class="endtag">body</tag>
<tag class="endtag">html</tag>
Block Elements
Headings
<acronym>XHTML</acronym> has tags to denote headings in the document at up to six different levels.
The largest and most prominent heading is <tag>h1</tag>, then <tag>h2</tag>, continuing down to <tag>h6</tag>.
The element's content is the text of the heading.
<tag>h1</tag>, <tag>h2</tag>, and Other Header Tags
Usage:
<tag class="starttag">h1</tag>First section<tag class="endtag">h1</tag>

&lt;!-- Document introduction goes here --&gt;

<tag class="starttag">h2</tag>This is the heading for the first section<tag class="endtag">h2</tag>

&lt;!-- Content for the first section goes here --&gt;

<tag class="starttag">h3</tag>This is the heading for the first sub-section<tag class="endtag">h3</tag>

&lt;!-- Content for the first sub-section goes here --&gt;

<tag class="starttag">h2</tag>This is the heading for the second section<tag class="endtag">h2</tag>

&lt;!-- Content for the second section goes here --&gt;
Generally, an <acronym>XHTML</acronym> page should have one first level heading (<tag>h1</tag>). This can contain many second level headings (<tag>h2</tag>), which can in turn contain many third level headings. Do not leave gaps in the numbering.
Paragraphs
<acronym>XHTML</acronym> supports a single paragraph element, <tag>p</tag>.
<tag>p</tag> Example
<tag class="starttag">p</tag>This is a paragraph. It can contain just about any
other element.<tag class="endtag">p</tag>
Block Quotations
A block quotation is an extended quotation from another document that will appear in a separate paragraph.
<tag>blockquote</tag> Example
<tag class="starttag">p</tag>A small excerpt from the US Constitution:<tag class="endtag">p</tag>

<tag class="starttag">blockquote</tag>We the People of the United States, in Order to form
a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic
Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general
Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our
Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the
United States of America.<tag class="endtag">blockquote</tag>
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Source information

Source string comment
(itstool) path: sect2/para
Flags
read-only
Source string location
book.translate.xml:3582
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/fdp-primer.pot, string 591