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external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd6' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd7' md5='__failed__'
Save and finish the configuration:
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external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd8' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd9' md5='__failed__'
After the FreeBSD virtual machine has been created, FreeBSD can be installed on it. This is best done with an official FreeBSD <acronym>CD</acronym>/<acronym>DVD</acronym> or with an <acronym>ISO</acronym> image downloaded from an official <acronym>FTP</acronym> site. Copy the appropriate <acronym>ISO</acronym> image to the local <trademark class="registered">Mac</trademark> filesystem or insert a <acronym>CD</acronym>/<acronym>DVD</acronym> in the <trademark class="registered">Mac</trademark>'s <acronym>CD-ROM</acronym> drive. Click on the disc icon in the bottom right corner of the FreeBSD <application>Parallels</application> window. This will bring up a window that can be used to associate the <acronym>CD-ROM</acronym> drive in the virtual machine with the <acronym>ISO</acronym> file on disk or with the real <acronym>CD-ROM</acronym> drive.
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external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'
Once this association with the <acronym>CD-ROM</acronym> source has been made, reboot the FreeBSD virtual machine by clicking the reboot icon. <application>Parallels</application> will reboot with a special <acronym>BIOS</acronym> that first checks if there is a <acronym>CD-ROM</acronym>.
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external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'
In this case it will find the FreeBSD installation media and begin a normal FreeBSD installation. Perform the installation, but do not attempt to configure <application>Xorg</application> at this time.
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external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'
When the installation is finished, reboot into the newly installed FreeBSD virtual machine.
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external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd13' md5='__failed__'
Configuring FreeBSD on <application>Parallels</application>
After FreeBSD has been successfully installed on <trademark class="registered">Mac OS</trademark> X with <application>Parallels</application>, there are a number of configuration steps that can be taken to optimize the system for virtualized operation.
Set Boot Loader Variables
The most important step is to reduce the <option>kern.hz</option> tunable to reduce the CPU utilization of FreeBSD under the <application>Parallels</application> environment. This is accomplished by adding the following line to <filename>/boot/loader.conf</filename>:
kern.hz=100
Without this setting, an idle FreeBSD <application>Parallels</application> guest will use roughly 15% of the CPU of a single processor <trademark class="registered">iMac</trademark>. After this change the usage will be closer to 5%.
Create a New Kernel Configuration File
All of the SCSI, FireWire, and USB device drivers can be removed from a custom kernel configuration file. <application>Parallels</application> provides a virtual network adapter used by the <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ed</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> driver, so all network devices except for <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ed</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> and <citerefentry><refentrytitle>miibus</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> can be removed from the kernel.
Configure Networking
The most basic networking setup uses DHCP to connect the virtual machine to the same local area network as the host <trademark class="registered">Mac</trademark>. This can be accomplished by adding <literal>ifconfig_ed0="DHCP"</literal> to <filename>/etc/rc.conf</filename>. More advanced networking setups are described in <xref linkend="advanced-networking"/>.
FreeBSD as a Guest on <application>Virtual PC</application> for <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark>
<application>Virtual PC</application> for <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> is a <trademark class="registered">Microsoft</trademark> software product available for free download. See this website for the <link xlink:href="http://www.microsoft.com/windows/downloads/virtualpc/sysreq.mspx">system requirements</link>. Once <application>Virtual PC</application> has been installed on <trademark class="registered">Microsoft</trademark> <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark>, the user can configure a virtual machine and then install the desired guest operating system.
Installing FreeBSD on <application>Virtual PC</application>
The first step in installing FreeBSD on <application>Virtual PC</application> is to create a new virtual machine for installing FreeBSD. Select <guimenuitem>Create a virtual machine</guimenuitem> when prompted:
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external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd1' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd2' md5='__failed__'
Select <guimenuitem>Other</guimenuitem> as the <guimenuitem>Operating system</guimenuitem> when prompted:
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external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd3' md5='__failed__'

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