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(itstool) path: step/para

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_ external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd7' md5='__failed__'
_ external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd8' md5='__failed__'
After the FreeBSD virtual machine has been created, FreeBSD can be installed on it. This is best done with an official FreeBSD <acronym>CD</acronym>/<acronym>DVD</acronym> or with an <acronym>ISO</acronym> image downloaded from an official <acronym>FTP</acronym> site. Copy the appropriate <acronym>ISO</acronym> image to the local <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> filesystem or insert a <acronym>CD</acronym>/<acronym>DVD</acronym> in the <acronym>CD</acronym> drive, then double click on the FreeBSD virtual machine to boot. Then, click <guimenu>CD</guimenu> and choose <guimenu>Capture ISO Image...</guimenu> on the <application>Virtual PC</application> window. This will bring up a window where the <acronym>CD-ROM</acronym> drive in the virtual machine can be associated with an <acronym>ISO</acronym> file on disk or with the real <acronym>CD-ROM</acronym> drive.
_ external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd9' md5='__failed__'
_ external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'
Once this association with the <acronym>CD-ROM</acronym> source has been made, reboot the FreeBSD virtual machine by clicking <guimenu>Action</guimenu> and <guimenu>Reset</guimenu>. <application>Virtual PC</application> will reboot with a special <acronym>BIOS</acronym> that first checks for a <acronym>CD-ROM</acronym>.
_ external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'
In this case it will find the FreeBSD installation media and begin a normal FreeBSD installation. Continue with the installation, but do not attempt to configure <application>Xorg</application> at this time.
_ external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'
When the installation is finished, remember to eject the <acronym>CD</acronym>/<acronym>DVD</acronym> or release the <acronym>ISO</acronym> image. Finally, reboot into the newly installed FreeBSD virtual machine.
_ external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd13' md5='__failed__'
Configuring FreeBSD on <application>Virtual PC</application>
After FreeBSD has been successfully installed on <trademark class="registered">Microsoft</trademark> <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> with <application>Virtual PC</application>, there are a number of configuration steps that can be taken to optimize the system for virtualized operation.
The most important step is to reduce the <option>kern.hz</option> tunable to reduce the CPU utilization of FreeBSD under the <application>Virtual PC</application> environment. This is accomplished by adding the following line to <filename>/boot/loader.conf</filename>:
Without this setting, an idle FreeBSD <application>Virtual PC</application> guest OS will use roughly 40% of the CPU of a single processor computer. After this change, the usage will be closer to 3%.
All of the SCSI, FireWire, and USB device drivers can be removed from a custom kernel configuration file. <application>Virtual PC</application> provides a virtual network adapter used by the <citerefentry><refentrytitle>de</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> driver, so all network devices except for <citerefentry><refentrytitle>de</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> and <citerefentry><refentrytitle>miibus</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> can be removed from the kernel.
The most basic networking setup uses DHCP to connect the virtual machine to the same local area network as the <trademark class="registered">Microsoft</trademark> <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> host. This can be accomplished by adding <literal>ifconfig_de0="DHCP"</literal> to <filename>/etc/rc.conf</filename>. More advanced networking setups are described in <xref linkend="advanced-networking"/>.
FreeBSD as a Guest on <application>VMware Fusion</application> for <trademark class="registered">Mac OS</trademark>
<application>VMware Fusion</application> for <trademark class="registered">Mac</trademark> is a commercial software product available for <trademark class="registered">Intel</trademark> based <trademark class="registered">Apple</trademark> <trademark class="registered">Mac</trademark> computers running <trademark class="registered">Mac OS</trademark> 10.4.9 or higher. FreeBSD is a fully supported guest operating system. Once <application>VMware Fusion</application> has been installed on <trademark class="registered">Mac OS</trademark> X, the user can configure a virtual machine and then install the desired guest operating system.
Installing FreeBSD on <application>VMware Fusion</application>
The first step is to start <application>VMware Fusion</application> which will load the Virtual Machine Library. Click <guimenuitem>New</guimenuitem> to create the virtual machine:
_ external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd01' md5='__failed__'
This will load the New Virtual Machine Assistant. Click <guimenuitem>Continue</guimenuitem> to proceed:
_ external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd02' md5='__failed__'
Select <guimenuitem>Other</guimenuitem> as the <guimenuitem>Operating System</guimenuitem> and either <guimenuitem>FreeBSD</guimenuitem> or <guimenuitem>FreeBSD 64-bit</guimenuitem>, as the <guimenu>Version</guimenu> when prompted:
_ external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd03' md5='__failed__'
Choose the name of the virtual machine and the directory where it should be saved:
_ external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd04' md5='__failed__'
Choose the size of the Virtual Hard Disk for the virtual machine:
_ external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd05' md5='__failed__'
Choose the method to install the virtual machine, either from an <acronym>ISO</acronym> image or from a <acronym>CD</acronym>/<acronym>DVD</acronym>:


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(itstool) path: step/para

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books/handbook.pot, string 6870