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(itstool) path: step/para
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The binary package can be installed quickly but with fewer options for customization:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>pkg install xorg</userinput>
To build and install from the Ports Collection:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>cd /usr/ports/x11/xorg</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>make install clean</userinput>
Either of these installations results in the complete <application>Xorg</application> system being installed. Binary packages are the best option for most users.
A smaller version of the X system suitable for experienced users is available in <package>x11/xorg-minimal</package>. Most of the documents, libraries, and applications will not be installed. Some applications require these additional components to function.
<application>Xorg</application> Configuration
<personname> <firstname>Warren</firstname> <surname>Block</surname> </personname> <contrib>Originally contributed by </contrib>
Quick Start
<application>Xorg</application> supports most common video cards, keyboards, and pointing devices.
Video cards, monitors, and input devices are automatically detected and do not require any manual configuration. Do not create <filename>xorg.conf</filename> or run a <option>-configure</option> step unless automatic configuration fails.
If <application>Xorg</application> has been used on this computer before, move or remove any existing configuration files:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>mv /etc/X11/xorg.conf ~/xorg.conf.etc</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>mv /usr/local/etc/X11/xorg.conf ~/xorg.conf.localetc</userinput>
Add the user who will run <application>Xorg</application> to the <systemitem class="groupname">video</systemitem> or <systemitem class="groupname">wheel</systemitem> group to enable 3D acceleration when available. To add user <replaceable>jru</replaceable> to whichever group is available:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>pw groupmod video -m <replaceable>jru</replaceable> || pw groupmod wheel -m <replaceable>jru</replaceable></userinput>
The <application>twm</application> window manager is included by default. It is started when <application>Xorg</application> starts:
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>startx</userinput>
On some older versions of FreeBSD, the system console must be set to <citerefentry><refentrytitle>vt</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> before switching back to the text console will work properly. See <xref linkend="x-config-kms"/>.
User Group for Accelerated Video
Access to <filename>/dev/dri</filename> is needed to allow 3D acceleration on video cards. It is usually simplest to add the user who will be running X to either the <systemitem class="groupname">video</systemitem> or <systemitem class="groupname">wheel</systemitem> group. Here, <citerefentry><refentrytitle>pw</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> is used to add user <replaceable>slurms</replaceable> to the <systemitem class="groupname">video</systemitem> group, or to the <systemitem class="groupname">wheel</systemitem> group if there is no <systemitem class="groupname">video</systemitem> group:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>pw groupmod video -m <replaceable>slurms</replaceable> || pw groupmod wheel -m <replaceable>slurms</replaceable></userinput>
Kernel Mode Setting (<acronym>KMS</acronym>)
When the computer switches from displaying the console to a higher screen resolution for X, it must set the video output <emphasis>mode</emphasis>. Recent versions of <acronym>Xorg</acronym> use a system inside the kernel to do these mode changes more efficiently. Older versions of FreeBSD use <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sc</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry>, which is not aware of the <acronym>KMS</acronym> system. The end result is that after closing X, the system console is blank, even though it is still working. The newer <citerefentry><refentrytitle>vt</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> console avoids this problem.
Add this line to <filename>/boot/loader.conf</filename> to enable <citerefentry><refentrytitle>vt</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry>:
Configuration Files
Manual configuration is usually not necessary. Please do not manually create configuration files unless autoconfiguration does not work.
<application>Xorg</application> looks in several directories for configuration files. <filename>/usr/local/etc/X11/</filename> is the recommended directory for these files on FreeBSD. Using this directory helps keep application files separate from operating system files.
Storing configuration files in the legacy <filename>/etc/X11/</filename> still works. However, this mixes application files with the base FreeBSD files and is not recommended.


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Source string comment
(itstool) path: step/para
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String age
4 months ago
Source string age
4 months ago
Translation file
books/handbook.pot, string 1886