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(itstool) path: row/entry
Context English State
Install a Program As the Superuser
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>configure</userinput>
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>make</userinput>
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>su -</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>make install</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>exit</userinput>
The built-in <citerefentry><refentrytitle>su</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> framework works well for single systems or small networks with just one system administrator. An alternative is to install the <package>security/sudo</package> package or port. This software provides activity logging and allows the administrator to configure which users can run which commands as the superuser.
Managing Accounts
<primary>accounts</primary> <secondary>modifying</secondary>
FreeBSD provides a variety of different commands to manage user accounts. The most common commands are summarized in <xref linkend="users-modifying-utilities"/>, followed by some examples of their usage. See the manual page for each utility for more details and usage examples.
Utilities for Managing User Accounts
The recommended command-line application for adding new users.
The recommended command-line application for removing users.
A flexible tool for changing user database information.
The command-line tool to change user passwords.
A powerful and flexible tool for modifying all aspects of user accounts.
<primary>accounts</primary> <secondary>adding</secondary>
<primary>skeleton directory</primary>
The recommended program for adding new users is <citerefentry><refentrytitle>adduser</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>. When a new user is added, this program automatically updates <filename>/etc/passwd</filename> and <filename>/etc/group</filename>. It also creates a home directory for the new user, copies in the default configuration files from <filename>/usr/share/skel</filename>, and can optionally mail the new user a welcome message. This utility must be run as the superuser.
The <citerefentry><refentrytitle>adduser</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> utility is interactive and walks through the steps for creating a new user account. As seen in <xref linkend="users-modifying-adduser"/>, either input the required information or press <keycap>Return</keycap> to accept the default value shown in square brackets. In this example, the user has been invited into the <systemitem class="groupname">wheel</systemitem> group, allowing them to become the superuser with <citerefentry><refentrytitle>su</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry>. When finished, the utility will prompt to either create another user or to exit.
Adding a User on FreeBSD
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>adduser</userinput>
Username: <userinput>jru</userinput>
Full name: <userinput>J. Random User</userinput>
Uid (Leave empty for default):
Login group [jru]:
Login group is jru. Invite jru into other groups? []: <userinput>wheel</userinput>
Login class [default]:
Shell (sh csh tcsh zsh nologin) [sh]: <userinput>zsh</userinput>
Home directory [/home/jru]:
Home directory permissions (Leave empty for default):
Use password-based authentication? [yes]:
Use an empty password? (yes/no) [no]:
Use a random password? (yes/no) [no]:
Enter password:
Enter password again:
Lock out the account after creation? [no]:
Username : jru
Password : ****
Full Name : J. Random User
Uid : 1001
Class :
Groups : jru wheel
Home : /home/jru
Shell : /usr/local/bin/zsh
Locked : no
OK? (yes/no): <userinput>yes</userinput>
adduser: INFO: Successfully added (jru) to the user database.
Add another user? (yes/no): <userinput>no</userinput>
Since the password is not echoed when typed, be careful to not mistype the password when creating the user account.


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Unchanged translation: Chinese (Simplified) (zh_CN), Turkish (tr_TR), Portuguese (Brazil), Spanish
Has been translated: Turkish (tr_TR), Spanish


Source information

Source string comment
(itstool) path: row/entry
Source string location
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/handbook.pot, string 960