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(itstool) path: sect2/para
308/3080
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To compose a new mail message, press <keycap>m</keycap>. After a valid subject has been given, <application>mutt</application> will start <citerefentry><refentrytitle>vi</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> so the email can be written. Once the contents of the email are complete, save and quit from <command>vi</command>. <application>mutt</application> will resume, displaying a summary screen of the mail that is to be delivered. In order to send the mail, press <keycap>y</keycap>. An example of the summary screen can be seen below:
_ external ref='mail/mutt3' md5='__failed__'
<application>mutt</application> contains extensive help which can be accessed from most of the menus by pressing <keycap>?</keycap>. The top line also displays the keyboard shortcuts where appropriate.
<application>alpine</application>
<application>alpine</application> is aimed at a beginner user, but also includes some advanced features.
<application>alpine</application> has had several remote vulnerabilities discovered in the past, which allowed remote attackers to execute arbitrary code as users on the local system, by the action of sending a specially-prepared email. While <emphasis>known</emphasis> problems have been fixed, <application>alpine</application> code is written in an insecure style and the FreeBSD Security Officer believes there are likely to be other undiscovered vulnerabilities. Users install <application>alpine</application> at their own risk.
The current version of <application>alpine</application> may be installed using the <package>mail/alpine</package> port. Once the port has installed, <application>alpine</application> can be started by issuing the following command:
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>alpine</userinput>
The first time <application>alpine</application> runs, it displays a greeting page with a brief introduction, as well as a request from the <application>alpine</application> development team to send an anonymous email message allowing them to judge how many users are using their client. To send this anonymous message, press <keycap>Enter</keycap>. Alternatively, press <keycap>E</keycap> to exit the greeting without sending an anonymous message. An example of the greeting page is shown below:
_ external ref='mail/pine1' md5='__failed__'
The main menu is then presented, which can be navigated using the cursor keys. This main menu provides shortcuts for the composing new mails, browsing mail directories, and administering address book entries. Below the main menu, relevant keyboard shortcuts to perform functions specific to the task at hand are shown.
The default directory opened by <application>alpine</application> is <filename>inbox</filename>. To view the message index, press <keycap>I</keycap>, or select the <guimenuitem>MESSAGE INDEX</guimenuitem> option shown below:
_ external ref='mail/pine2' md5='__failed__'
The message index shows messages in the current directory and can be navigated by using the cursor keys. Highlighted messages can be read by pressing <keycap>Enter</keycap>.
_ external ref='mail/pine3' md5='__failed__'
In the screenshot below, a sample message is displayed by <application>alpine</application>. Contextual keyboard shortcuts are displayed at the bottom of the screen. An example of one of a shortcut is <keycap>r</keycap>, which tells the <acronym>MUA</acronym> to reply to the current message being displayed.
_ external ref='mail/pine4' md5='__failed__'
Replying to an email in <application>alpine</application> is done using the <application>pico</application> editor, which is installed by default with <application>alpine</application>. <application>pico</application> makes it easy to navigate the message and is easier for novice users to use than <citerefentry><refentrytitle>vi</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> or <citerefentry><refentrytitle>mail</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry>. Once the reply is complete, the message can be sent by pressing <keycombo action="simul"><keycap>Ctrl</keycap><keycap>X</keycap> </keycombo>. <application>alpine</application> will ask for confirmation before sending the message.
_ external ref='mail/pine5' md5='__failed__'
<application>alpine</application> can be customized using the <guimenuitem>SETUP</guimenuitem> option from the main menu. Consult <uri xlink:href="http://www.washington.edu/alpine/">http://www.washington.edu/alpine/</uri> for more information.
Using <application>fetchmail</application>
<primary>fetchmail</primary>
<application>fetchmail</application> is a full-featured <acronym>IMAP</acronym> and <acronym>POP</acronym> client. It allows users to automatically download mail from remote <acronym>IMAP</acronym> and <acronym>POP</acronym> servers and save it into local mailboxes where it can be accessed more easily. <application>fetchmail</application> can be installed using the <package>mail/fetchmail</package> port, and offers various features, including:
Support for the <acronym>POP3</acronym>, <acronym>APOP</acronym>, <acronym>KPOP</acronym>, <acronym>IMAP</acronym>, <acronym>ETRN</acronym> and <acronym>ODMR</acronym> protocols.
Ability to forward mail using <acronym>SMTP</acronym>, which allows filtering, forwarding, and aliasing to function normally.
May be run in daemon mode to check periodically for new messages.
Can retrieve multiple mailboxes and forward them, based on configuration, to different local users.
This section explains some of the basic features of <application>fetchmail</application>. This utility requires a <filename>.fetchmailrc</filename> configuration in the user's home directory in order to run correctly. This file includes server information as well as login credentials. Due to the sensitive nature of the contents of this file, it is advisable to make it readable only by the user, with the following command:
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>chmod 600 .fetchmailrc</userinput>
The following <filename>.fetchmailrc</filename> serves as an example for downloading a single user mailbox using <acronym>POP</acronym>. It tells <application>fetchmail</application> to connect to <systemitem class="fqdomainname">example.com</systemitem> using a username of <systemitem class="username">joesoap</systemitem> and a password of <literal>XXX</literal>. This example assumes that the user <systemitem class="username">joesoap</systemitem> exists on the local system.
poll example.com protocol pop3 username "joesoap" password "XXX"

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Source information

Source string comment
(itstool) path: sect2/para
Flags
read-only
Source string location
book.translate.xml:52816
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/handbook.pot, string 8610