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(itstool) path: sect2/para
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external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd2' md5='__failed__'
Select <guimenuitem>Other</guimenuitem> as the <guimenuitem>Operating system</guimenuitem> when prompted:
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external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd3' md5='__failed__'
Then, choose a reasonable amount of disk and memory depending on the plans for this virtual FreeBSD instance. 4GB of disk space and 512MB of RAM work well for most uses of FreeBSD under <application>Virtual PC</application>:
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external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd4' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd5' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd6' md5='__failed__'
Select the FreeBSD virtual machine and click <guimenu>Settings</guimenu>, then set the type of networking and a network interface:
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external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd7' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd8' md5='__failed__'
After the FreeBSD virtual machine has been created, FreeBSD can be installed on it. This is best done with an official FreeBSD <acronym>CD</acronym>/<acronym>DVD</acronym> or with an <acronym>ISO</acronym> image downloaded from an official <acronym>FTP</acronym> site. Copy the appropriate <acronym>ISO</acronym> image to the local <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> filesystem or insert a <acronym>CD</acronym>/<acronym>DVD</acronym> in the <acronym>CD</acronym> drive, then double click on the FreeBSD virtual machine to boot. Then, click <guimenu>CD</guimenu> and choose <guimenu>Capture ISO Image...</guimenu> on the <application>Virtual PC</application> window. This will bring up a window where the <acronym>CD-ROM</acronym> drive in the virtual machine can be associated with an <acronym>ISO</acronym> file on disk or with the real <acronym>CD-ROM</acronym> drive.
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external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd9' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd10' md5='__failed__'
Once this association with the <acronym>CD-ROM</acronym> source has been made, reboot the FreeBSD virtual machine by clicking <guimenu>Action</guimenu> and <guimenu>Reset</guimenu>. <application>Virtual PC</application> will reboot with a special <acronym>BIOS</acronym> that first checks for a <acronym>CD-ROM</acronym>.
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external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd11' md5='__failed__'
In this case it will find the FreeBSD installation media and begin a normal FreeBSD installation. Continue with the installation, but do not attempt to configure <application>Xorg</application> at this time.
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external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'
When the installation is finished, remember to eject the <acronym>CD</acronym>/<acronym>DVD</acronym> or release the <acronym>ISO</acronym> image. Finally, reboot into the newly installed FreeBSD virtual machine.
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external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd13' md5='__failed__'
Configuring FreeBSD on <application>Virtual PC</application>
After FreeBSD has been successfully installed on <trademark class="registered">Microsoft</trademark> <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> with <application>Virtual PC</application>, there are a number of configuration steps that can be taken to optimize the system for virtualized operation.
The most important step is to reduce the <option>kern.hz</option> tunable to reduce the CPU utilization of FreeBSD under the <application>Virtual PC</application> environment. This is accomplished by adding the following line to <filename>/boot/loader.conf</filename>:
Without this setting, an idle FreeBSD <application>Virtual PC</application> guest OS will use roughly 40% of the CPU of a single processor computer. After this change, the usage will be closer to 3%.
All of the SCSI, FireWire, and USB device drivers can be removed from a custom kernel configuration file. <application>Virtual PC</application> provides a virtual network adapter used by the <citerefentry><refentrytitle>de</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> driver, so all network devices except for <citerefentry><refentrytitle>de</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> and <citerefentry><refentrytitle>miibus</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> can be removed from the kernel.
The most basic networking setup uses DHCP to connect the virtual machine to the same local area network as the <trademark class="registered">Microsoft</trademark> <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> host. This can be accomplished by adding <literal>ifconfig_de0="DHCP"</literal> to <filename>/etc/rc.conf</filename>. More advanced networking setups are described in <xref linkend="advanced-networking"/>.
FreeBSD as a Guest on <application>VMware Fusion</application> for <trademark class="registered">Mac OS</trademark>
<application>VMware Fusion</application> for <trademark class="registered">Mac</trademark> is a commercial software product available for <trademark class="registered">Intel</trademark> based <trademark class="registered">Apple</trademark> <trademark class="registered">Mac</trademark> computers running <trademark class="registered">Mac OS</trademark> 10.4.9 or higher. FreeBSD is a fully supported guest operating system. Once <application>VMware Fusion</application> has been installed on <trademark class="registered">Mac OS</trademark> X, the user can configure a virtual machine and then install the desired guest operating system.
Installing FreeBSD on <application>VMware Fusion</application>
The first step is to start <application>VMware Fusion</application> which will load the Virtual Machine Library. Click <guimenuitem>New</guimenuitem> to create the virtual machine:
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external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd01' md5='__failed__'
This will load the New Virtual Machine Assistant. Click <guimenuitem>Continue</guimenuitem> to proceed:

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(itstool) path: sect2/para
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