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Context English State
<primary>RIP</primary>
<primary>OSPF</primary>
The routing table of a router needs additional routes so it knows how to reach other networks. Routes can be either added manually using static routes or routes can be automatically learned using a routing protocol. Static routes are appropriate for small networks and this section describes how to add a static routing entry for a small network.
For large networks, static routes quickly become unscalable. FreeBSD comes with the standard <acronym>BSD</acronym> routing daemon <citerefentry><refentrytitle>routed</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>, which provides the routing protocols <acronym>RIP</acronym>, versions 1 and 2, and <acronym>IRDP</acronym>. Support for the <acronym>BGP</acronym> and <acronym>OSPF</acronym> routing protocols can be installed using the <package>net/zebra</package> package or port.
Consider the following network:
_
external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'

INTERNET
| (10.0.0.1/24) Default Router to Internet
|
|Interface xl0
|10.0.0.10/24
+------+
| | RouterA
| | (FreeBSD gateway)
+------+
| Interface xl1
| 192.168.1.1/24
|
+--------------------------------+
Internal Net 1 | 192.168.1.2/24
|
+------+
| | RouterB
| |
+------+
| 192.168.2.1/24
|
Internal Net 2
In this scenario, <systemitem>RouterA</systemitem> is a FreeBSD machine that is acting as a router to the rest of the Internet. It has a default route set to <systemitem class="ipaddress">10.0.0.1</systemitem> which allows it to connect with the outside world. <systemitem>RouterB</systemitem> is already configured to use <systemitem class="ipaddress">192.168.1.1</systemitem> as its default gateway.
Before adding any static routes, the routing table on <systemitem>RouterA</systemitem> looks like this:
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>netstat -nr</userinput>
Routing tables

Internet:
Destination Gateway Flags Refs Use Netif Expire
default 10.0.0.1 UGS 0 49378 xl0
127.0.0.1 127.0.0.1 UH 0 6 lo0
10.0.0.0/24 link#1 UC 0 0 xl0
192.168.1.0/24 link#2 UC 0 0 xl1
With the current routing table, <systemitem>RouterA</systemitem> does not have a route to the <systemitem class="ipaddress">192.168.2.0/24</systemitem> network. The following command adds the <literal>Internal Net 2</literal> network to <systemitem>RouterA</systemitem>'s routing table using <systemitem class="ipaddress">192.168.1.2</systemitem> as the next hop:
ComponentTranslation
This translation Translated FreeBSD Doc/boooks_handbook
external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'
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external ref='virtualization/virtualpc-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'
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translator-credits

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/boooks_design-44bsd
external ref='fig2' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routesfig2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/boooks_dev-model
translator-credits

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/boooks_developers-handbook
translator-credits

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/boooks_developers-handbook
external ref='sockets/slayers' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routesockets/slayers' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/boooks_developers-handbook
external ref='sockets/sain' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routessockets/sain' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/boooks_developers-handbook
external ref='sockets/sainfill' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routessockets/sainfill' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/boooks_developers-handbook
external ref='sockets/sainmsb' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routessockets/sainmsb' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/boooks_developers-handbook
external ref='sockets/sainserv' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routessockets/sainserv' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/boooks_developers-handbook
external ref='sockets/serv2' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routessockets/serv2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_gjournal-desktop
translator-credits

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_ipsec-must
translator-credits

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_linux-emulation
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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_linux-users
translator-credits

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_new-users
translator-credits

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_problem-reports
translator-credits

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
external ref='branches-releng7' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routesbranches-releng7' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
external ref='branches-releng8' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='advanced-networking/static-routesbranches-releng8' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
external ref='branches-releng9' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routesbranches-releng9' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_remote-install
translator-credits

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_serial-uart
translator-credits

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum
translator-credits

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum
external ref='vinum-striped' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='advanced-networking/static-routesvinum-striped' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vinum
external ref='vinum-raid10-vol' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routesvinum-raid10-vol' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vm-design
external ref='fig2' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routesfig2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_vm-design
external ref='fig3' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routesfig3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/boooks_arch-handbook
translator-credits

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external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_bsdl-gpl
translator-credits

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='advanced-networking/static-routes' md5='__failed__'translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/boooks_handbook
external ref='virtualization/vmware-freebsd12' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/boooks_design-44bsd
external ref='fig1' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='advanced-networking/static-routesfig1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/boooks_developers-handbook
external ref='sockets/layers' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='advanced-networking/static-routesockets/layers' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/boooks_developers-handbook
external ref='sockets/sainlsb' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='advanced-networking/static-routessockets/sainlsb' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/boooks_developers-handbook
external ref='sockets/serv' md5='__failed__'

Change compared to this translation:

external ref='advanced-networking/static-routessockets/serv' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/boooks_handbook
external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-ufs-warning' md5='__failed__'

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book.translate.xml:62289
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