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Acknowledgments
The book you are holding represents the efforts of many hundreds of people around the world. Whether they sent in fixes for typos, or submitted complete chapters, all the contributions have been useful.
Several companies have supported the development of this document by paying authors to work on it full-time, paying for publication, etc. In particular, BSDi (subsequently acquired by <link xlink:href="http://www.windriver.com">Wind River Systems</link>) paid members of the FreeBSD Documentation Project to work on improving this book full time leading up to the publication of the first printed edition in March 2000 (ISBN 1-57176-241-8). Wind River Systems then paid several additional authors to make a number of improvements to the print-output infrastructure and to add additional chapters to the text. This work culminated in the publication of the second printed edition in November 2001 (ISBN 1-57176-303-1). In 2003-2004, <link xlink:href="http://www.freebsdmall.com">FreeBSD Mall, Inc</link>, paid several contributors to improve the Handbook in preparation for the third printed edition.
Getting Started
This part of the handbook is for users and administrators who are new to FreeBSD. These chapters:
Introduce FreeBSD.
Guide readers through the installation process.
Teach <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> basics and fundamentals.
Show how to install the wealth of third party applications available for FreeBSD.
Introduce X, the <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> windowing system, and detail how to configure a desktop environment that makes users more productive.
The number of forward references in the text have been kept to a minimum so that this section can be read from front to back with minimal page flipping.
Introduction
<personname> <firstname>Jim</firstname> <surname>Mock</surname> </personname> <contrib>Restructured, reorganized, and parts rewritten by </contrib>
Synopsis
Thank you for your interest in FreeBSD! The following chapter covers various aspects of the FreeBSD Project, such as its history, goals, development model, and so on.
After reading this chapter you will know:
How FreeBSD relates to other computer operating systems.
The history of the FreeBSD Project.
The goals of the FreeBSD Project.
The basics of the FreeBSD open-source development model.
And of course: where the name <quote>FreeBSD</quote> comes from.
Welcome to FreeBSD!
<primary>4.4BSD-Lite</primary>
FreeBSD is an Open Source, standards-compliant Unix-like operating system for x86 (both 32 and 64 bit), <trademark class="registered">ARM</trademark>, AArch64, <trademark class="registered">RISC-V</trademark>, <trademark class="registered">MIPS</trademark>, <trademark class="registered">POWER</trademark>, <trademark class="registered">PowerPC</trademark>, and Sun <trademark class="registered">UltraSPARC</trademark> computers. It provides all the features that are nowadays taken for granted, such as preemptive multitasking, memory protection, virtual memory, multi-user facilities, SMP support, all the Open Source development tools for different languages and frameworks, and desktop features centered around X Window System, KDE, or GNOME. Its particular strengths are:
<emphasis>Liberal Open Source license</emphasis>, which grants you rights to freely modify and extend its source code and incorporate it in both Open Source projects and closed products without imposing restrictions typical to copyleft licenses, as well as avoiding potential license incompatibility problems.
<primary>TCP/IP networking</primary>
<emphasis>Strong TCP/IP networking</emphasis> <_:indexterm-1/> - FreeBSD implements industry standard protocols with ever increasing performance and scalability. This makes it a good match in both server, and routing/firewalling roles - and indeed many companies and vendors use it precisely for that purpose.
<emphasis>Fully integrated OpenZFS support</emphasis>, including root-on-ZFS, ZFS Boot Environments, fault management, administrative delegation, support for jails, FreeBSD specific documentation, and system installer support.
<emphasis>Extensive security features</emphasis>, from the Mandatory Access Control framework to Capsicum capability and sandbox mechanisms.
<emphasis>Over 30 thousand prebuilt packages</emphasis> for all supported architectures, and the Ports Collection which makes it easy to build your own, customized ones.
<emphasis>Documentation</emphasis> - in addition to Handbook and books from different authors that cover topics ranging from system administration to kernel internals, there are also the <citerefentry><refentrytitle>man</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> pages, not only for userspace daemons, utilities, and configuration files, but also for kernel driver APIs (section 9) and individual drivers (section 4).

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