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Context English State
<filename>/usr/libexec/</filename>
System daemons and system utilities executed by other programs.
<filename>/usr/local/</filename>
Local executables and libraries. Also used as the default destination for the FreeBSD ports framework. Within <filename>/usr/local</filename>, the general layout sketched out by <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hier</refentrytitle><manvolnum>7</manvolnum></citerefentry> for <filename>/usr</filename> should be used. Exceptions are the man directory, which is directly under <filename>/usr/local</filename> rather than under <filename>/usr/local/share</filename>, and the ports documentation is in <filename>share/doc/<replaceable>port</replaceable></filename>.
<filename>/usr/obj/</filename>
Architecture-specific target tree produced by building the <filename>/usr/src</filename> tree.
<filename>/usr/ports/</filename>
The FreeBSD Ports Collection (optional).
<filename>/usr/sbin/</filename>
System daemons and system utilities executed by users.
<filename>/usr/share/</filename>
Architecture-independent files.
<filename>/usr/src/</filename>
BSD and/or local source files.
<filename>/var/</filename>
Multi-purpose log, temporary, transient, and spool files. A memory-based file system is sometimes mounted at <filename>/var</filename>. This can be automated using the varmfs-related variables in <citerefentry><refentrytitle>rc.conf</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry> or with an entry in <filename>/etc/fstab</filename>; refer to <citerefentry><refentrytitle>mdmfs</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> for details.
<filename>/var/log/</filename>
Miscellaneous system log files.
<filename>/var/mail/</filename>
User mailbox files.
<filename>/var/spool/</filename>
Miscellaneous printer and mail system spooling directories.
<filename>/var/tmp/</filename>
Temporary files which are usually preserved across a system reboot, unless <filename>/var</filename> is a memory-based file system.
<filename>/var/yp/</filename>
NIS maps.
Disk Organization
The smallest unit of organization that FreeBSD uses to find files is the filename. Filenames are case-sensitive, which means that <filename>readme.txt</filename> and <filename>README.TXT</filename> are two separate files. FreeBSD does not use the extension of a file to determine whether the file is a program, document, or some other form of data.
Files are stored in directories. A directory may contain no files, or it may contain many hundreds of files. A directory can also contain other directories, allowing a hierarchy of directories within one another in order to organize data.
Files and directories are referenced by giving the file or directory name, followed by a forward slash, <literal>/</literal>, followed by any other directory names that are necessary. For example, if the directory <filename>foo</filename> contains a directory <filename>bar</filename> which contains the file <filename>readme.txt</filename>, the full name, or <firstterm>path</firstterm>, to the file is <filename>foo/bar/readme.txt</filename>. Note that this is different from <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> which uses <literal>\</literal> to separate file and directory names. FreeBSD does not use drive letters, or other drive names in the path. For example, one would not type <filename>c:\foo\bar\readme.txt</filename> on FreeBSD.
Directories and files are stored in a file system. Each file system contains exactly one directory at the very top level, called the <firstterm>root directory</firstterm> for that file system. This root directory can contain other directories. One file system is designated the <firstterm>root file system</firstterm> or <literal>/</literal>. Every other file system is <firstterm>mounted</firstterm> under the root file system. No matter how many disks are on the FreeBSD system, every directory appears to be part of the same disk.

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Source information

Source string comment
(itstool) path: row/entry
Flags
read-only
Source string location
book.translate.xml:7545
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/handbook.pot, string 1217