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The welcome menu of <application>bsdinstall</application>, shown in <xref linkend="bsdinstall-choose-mode"/>, provides a <guibutton>[ Live CD ]</guibutton> option. This is useful for those who are still wondering whether FreeBSD is the right operating system for them and want to test some of the features before installing.
The following points should be noted before using the <guibutton>[ Live CD ]</guibutton>:
To gain access to the system, authentication is required. The username is <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> and the password is blank.
As the system runs directly from the installation media, performance will be significantly slower than that of a system installed on a hard disk.
This option only provides a command prompt and not a graphical interface.
FreeBSD Basics
This chapter covers the basic commands and functionality of the FreeBSD operating system. Much of this material is relevant for any <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark>-like operating system. New FreeBSD users are encouraged to read through this chapter carefully.
How to use and configure virtual consoles.
How to create and manage users and groups on FreeBSD.
How <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> file permissions and FreeBSD file flags work.
The default FreeBSD file system layout.
The FreeBSD disk organization.
How to mount and unmount file systems.
What processes, daemons, and signals are.
What a shell is, and how to change the default login environment.
How to use basic text editors.
What devices and device nodes are.
How to read manual pages for more information.
Virtual Consoles and Terminals
<primary>virtual consoles</primary>
Unless FreeBSD has been configured to automatically start a graphical environment during startup, the system will boot into a command line login prompt, as seen in this example:
FreeBSD/amd64 ( (ttyv0)

The first line contains some information about the system. The <literal>amd64</literal> indicates that the system in this example is running a 64-bit version of FreeBSD. The hostname is <systemitem></systemitem>, and <filename>ttyv0</filename> indicates that this is the <quote>system console</quote>. The second line is the login prompt.
Since FreeBSD is a multiuser system, it needs some way to distinguish between different users. This is accomplished by requiring every user to log into the system before gaining access to the programs on the system. Every user has a unique name <quote>username</quote> and a personal <quote>password</quote>.
To log into the system console, type the username that was configured during system installation, as described in <xref linkend="bsdinstall-addusers"/>, and press <keycap>Enter</keycap>. Then enter the password associated with the username and press <keycap>Enter</keycap>. The password is <emphasis>not echoed</emphasis> for security reasons.
Once the correct password is input, the message of the day (<acronym>MOTD</acronym>) will be displayed followed by a command prompt. Depending upon the shell that was selected when the user was created, this prompt will be a <literal>#</literal>, <literal>$</literal>, or <literal>%</literal> character. The prompt indicates that the user is now logged into the FreeBSD system console and ready to try the available commands.
Virtual Consoles
While the system console can be used to interact with the system, a user working from the command line at the keyboard of a FreeBSD system will typically instead log into a virtual console. This is because system messages are configured by default to display on the system console. These messages will appear over the command or file that the user is working on, making it difficult to concentrate on the work at hand.
By default, FreeBSD is configured to provide several virtual consoles for inputting commands. Each virtual console has its own login prompt and shell and it is easy to switch between virtual consoles. This essentially provides the command line equivalent of having several windows open at the same time in a graphical environment.


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(itstool) path: listitem/para
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String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/handbook.pot, string 855