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The installation then proceeds normally. To continue with the installation go to <xref linkend="bsdinstall-fetching-distribution"/>.
Shell Mode Partitioning
When creating advanced installations, the <application>bsdinstall</application> partitioning menus may not provide the level of flexibility required. Advanced users can select the <guibutton>Shell</guibutton> option from the partitioning menu in order to manually partition the drives, create the file system(s), populate <filename>/tmp/bsdinstall_etc/fstab</filename>, and mount the file systems under <filename>/mnt</filename>. Once this is done, type <command>exit</command> to return to <application>bsdinstall</application> and continue the installation.
Fetching Distribution Files
Installation time will vary depending on the distributions chosen, installation media, and speed of the computer. A series of messages will indicate the progress.
First, the installer formats the selected disk(s) and initializes the partitions. Next, in the case of a <literal>bootonly media</literal> or <literal>mini memstick</literal>, it downloads the selected components:
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-distfile-fetching' md5='__failed__'
Next, the integrity of the distribution files is verified to ensure they have not been corrupted during download or misread from the installation media:
Verifying Distribution Files
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-distfile-verifying' md5='__failed__'
Finally, the verified distribution files are extracted to the disk:
Extracting Distribution Files
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-distfile-extracting' md5='__failed__'
Once all requested distribution files have been extracted, <application>bsdinstall</application> displays the first post-installation configuration screen. The available post-configuration options are described in the next section.
Accounts, Time Zone, Services and Hardening
Setting the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> Password
First, the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> password must be set. While entering the password, the characters being typed are not displayed on the screen. After the password has been entered, it must be entered again. This helps prevent typing errors.
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-post-root-passwd' md5='__failed__'
Setting the Time Zone
The next series of menus are used to determine the correct local time by selecting the geographic region, country, and time zone. Setting the time zone allows the system to automatically correct for regional time changes, such as daylight savings time, and perform other time zone related functions properly.
The example shown here is for a machine located in the mainland time zone of Spain, Europe. The selections will vary according to the geographical location.
Select a Region
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-region' md5='__failed__'
The appropriate region is selected using the arrow keys and then pressing <keycap>Enter</keycap>.
Select a Country
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-country' md5='__failed__'
Select the appropriate country using the arrow keys and press <keycap>Enter</keycap>.
Select a Time Zone
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external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-timezone-zone' md5='__failed__'
The appropriate time zone is selected using the arrow keys and pressing <keycap>Enter</keycap>.
Confirm Time Zone

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(itstool) path: sect2/title
(itstool) path: figure/title
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book.translate.xml:4727 book.translate.xml:4738
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