Translation

(itstool) path: imageobject/imagedata
This is a reference to an external file such as an image or video. When
the file changes, the md5 hash will change to let you know you need to
update your localized copy. The msgstr is not used at all. Set it to
whatever you like once you have updated your copy of the file.
_
external ref='basics/example-dir3' md5='__failed__'
0/510
Context English Spanish State
NIS maps.
 
Disk Organization
 
The smallest unit of organization that FreeBSD uses to find files is the filename. Filenames are case-sensitive, which means that <filename>readme.txt</filename> and <filename>README.TXT</filename> are two separate files. FreeBSD does not use the extension of a file to determine whether the file is a program, document, or some other form of data.
 
Files are stored in directories. A directory may contain no files, or it may contain many hundreds of files. A directory can also contain other directories, allowing a hierarchy of directories within one another in order to organize data.
 
Files and directories are referenced by giving the file or directory name, followed by a forward slash, <literal>/</literal>, followed by any other directory names that are necessary. For example, if the directory <filename>foo</filename> contains a directory <filename>bar</filename> which contains the file <filename>readme.txt</filename>, the full name, or <firstterm>path</firstterm>, to the file is <filename>foo/bar/readme.txt</filename>. Note that this is different from <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> which uses <literal>\</literal> to separate file and directory names. FreeBSD does not use drive letters, or other drive names in the path. For example, one would not type <filename>c:\foo\bar\readme.txt</filename> on FreeBSD.
 
Directories and files are stored in a file system. Each file system contains exactly one directory at the very top level, called the <firstterm>root directory</firstterm> for that file system. This root directory can contain other directories. One file system is designated the <firstterm>root file system</firstterm> or <literal>/</literal>. Every other file system is <firstterm>mounted</firstterm> under the root file system. No matter how many disks are on the FreeBSD system, every directory appears to be part of the same disk.
 
Consider three file systems, called <literal>A</literal>, <literal>B</literal>, and <literal>C</literal>. Each file system has one root directory, which contains two other directories, called <literal>A1</literal>, <literal>A2</literal> (and likewise <literal>B1</literal>, <literal>B2</literal> and <literal>C1</literal>, <literal>C2</literal>).
 
Call <literal>A</literal> the root file system. If <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ls</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> is used to view the contents of this directory, it will show two subdirectories, <literal>A1</literal> and <literal>A2</literal>. The directory tree looks like this:
 
_
external ref='basics/example-dir1' md5='__failed__'
 
/
|
+--- A1
|
`--- A2
 
A file system must be mounted on to a directory in another file system. When mounting file system <literal>B</literal> on to the directory <literal>A1</literal>, the root directory of <literal>B</literal> replaces <literal>A1</literal>, and the directories in <literal>B</literal> appear accordingly:
 
_
external ref='basics/example-dir2' md5='__failed__'
 
/
|
+--- A1
| |
| +--- B1
| |
| `--- B2
|
`--- A2
 
Any files that are in the <literal>B1</literal> or <literal>B2</literal> directories can be reached with the path <filename>/A1/B1</filename> or <filename>/A1/B2</filename> as necessary. Any files that were in <filename>/A1</filename> have been temporarily hidden. They will reappear if <literal>B</literal> is <firstterm>unmounted</firstterm> from <literal>A</literal>.
 
If <literal>B</literal> had been mounted on <literal>A2</literal> then the diagram would look like this:
 
_
external ref='basics/example-dir3' md5='__failed__'
 
/
|
+--- A1
|
`--- A2
|
+--- B1
|
`--- B2
 
and the paths would be <filename>/A2/B1</filename> and <filename>/A2/B2</filename> respectively.
 
File systems can be mounted on top of one another. Continuing the last example, the <literal>C</literal> file system could be mounted on top of the <literal>B1</literal> directory in the <literal>B</literal> file system, leading to this arrangement:
 
_
external ref='basics/example-dir4' md5='__failed__'
 
/
|
+--- A1
|
`--- A2
|
+--- B1
| |
| +--- C1
| |
| `--- C2
|
`--- B2
 
Or <literal>C</literal> could be mounted directly on to the <literal>A</literal> file system, under the <literal>A1</literal> directory:
 
_
external ref='basics/example-dir5' md5='__failed__'
 
/
|
+--- A1
| |
| +--- C1
| |
| `--- C2
|
`--- A2
|
+--- B1
|
`--- B2
 
It is entirely possible to have one large root file system, and not need to create any others. There are some drawbacks to this approach, and one advantage.
 
Benefits of Multiple File Systems
 
Different file systems can have different <firstterm>mount options</firstterm>. For example, the root file system can be mounted read-only, making it impossible for users to inadvertently delete or edit a critical file. Separating user-writable file systems, such as <filename>/home</filename>, from other file systems allows them to be mounted <firstterm>nosuid</firstterm>. This option prevents the <firstterm>suid</firstterm>/<firstterm>guid</firstterm> bits on executables stored on the file system from taking effect, possibly improving security.
 
FreeBSD automatically optimizes the layout of files on a file system, depending on how the file system is being used. So a file system that contains many small files that are written frequently will have a different optimization to one that contains fewer, larger files. By having one big file system this optimization breaks down.
 
FreeBSD's file systems are robust if power is lost. However, a power loss at a critical point could still damage the structure of the file system. By splitting data over multiple file systems it is more likely that the system will still come up, making it easier to restore from backup as necessary.
 
Benefit of a Single File System
 
File systems are a fixed size. If you create a file system when you install FreeBSD and give it a specific size, you may later discover that you need to make the partition bigger. This is not easily accomplished without backing up, recreating the file system with the new size, and then restoring the backed up data.
 
ComponentTranslation
This translation Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Following strings have different sources but same context.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_building-products
referencia externa='freebsd-organization' md5='__failed__'

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referencia externa='freebsd-organization' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_building-products
referencia externa ='freebsd-branches' md5='__failed__'

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referencia externa ='freebsd-branches' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_building-products
Manuel Megías joramsinkin@hotmail.com, 2018

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Manuel Megías joramsinkin@hotmail.com, 2018
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_linux-users
Equipo de traducción de FreeBSD al Español
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

Change compared to this translation:

Equipo de traducción de FreeBSD al Español
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_mailing-list-faq
Equipo de traducción de FreeBSD al Español
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

Change compared to this translation:

Equipo de traducción de FreeBSD al Español
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_nanobsd
Federico Caminiti demian.fc@gmail.com, 2015
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Federico Caminiti demian.fc@gmail.com, 2015
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_new-users
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_port-mentor-guidelines
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_pr-guidelines
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_problem-reports
Juan F. Rodriguez jrh@it.uc3m.es, 2007
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019

Change compared to this translation:

Juan F. Rodriguez jrh@it.uc3m.es, 2007
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
Equipo de traducción de FreeBSD al Español,
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

Change compared to this translation:

Equipo de traducción de FreeBSD al Español,
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_remote-install
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_pgpkeys
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_hubs
translator-credits

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translator-credits
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_gjournal-desktop
external ref='disklabel1' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='disklabel1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
external ref='branches-releng9' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='branches-releng9' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_filtering-bridge
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2020

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2020
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_pam
créditos de traducción

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créditos de traducción
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
external ref='branches-releng8' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='branches-releng8' md5='__failed__'
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
 
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
external ref='branches-releng7' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='branches-releng7' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
external ref='branches-releng6' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='branches-releng6' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
external ref='branches-releng5' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='branches-releng5' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
external ref='branches-releng4' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='branches-releng4' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng
external ref='branches-releng3' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='branches-releng3' md5='__failed__'
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_faq
Federico Caminiti demian.fc@gmail.com, 2015, 2016
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Federico Caminiti demian.fc@gmail.com, 2015, 2016
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_bsdl-gpl
Manuel Megías joramsinkin@hotmail.com, 2018
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019

Change compared to this translation:

Manuel Megías joramsinkin@hotmail.com, 2018
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_committers-guide
Manuel Megías joramsinkin@hotmail.com, 2019
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

Change compared to this translation:

Manuel Megías joramsinkin@hotmail.com, 2019
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
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Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_contributing
José Ramón Baz jr_baz@hartu.net
José Vicente Carrasco carvay@es.FreeBSD.org
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019,2020

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José Ramón Baz jr_baz@hartu.net
José Vicente Carrasco carvay@es.FreeBSD.org
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019,2020
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
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Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_explaining-bsd
José Ramón Baz jr_baz@hartu.net
José Vicente Carrasco carvay@es.FreeBSD.org
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

Change compared to this translation:

José Ramón Baz jr_baz@hartu.net
José Vicente Carrasco carvay@es.FreeBSD.org
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_contributors
créditos-traductores

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créditos-traductores
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_solid-state
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_cups
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_geom-class
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_leap-seconds
Federico Caminiti demian.fc@gmail.com
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019

Change compared to this translation:

Federico Caminiti demian.fc@gmail.com
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_fonts
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019, 2020

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019, 2020
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-questions
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-releng
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_gjournal-desktop
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-update-server
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019, 2020

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019, 2020
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_gjournal-desktop
external ref='disklabel2' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='disklabel2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_ipsec-must
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_ldap-auth
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_linux-emulation
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

Change compared to this translation:

Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
 

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New source string

FreeBSD Doc / books_handbookSpanish

New source string 11 months ago
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Glossary

English Spanish
No related strings found in the glossary.

Source information

Context
_
Source string comment
(itstool) path: imageobject/imagedata
This is a reference to an external file such as an image or video. When
the file changes, the md5 hash will change to let you know you need to
update your localized copy. The msgstr is not used at all. Set it to
whatever you like once you have updated your copy of the file.
Labels
No labels currently set.
Source string location
book.translate.xml:7695
Source string age
11 months ago
Translation file
books/es_ES/handbook.po, string 1242