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Clones a new route based upon this route for machines to connect to. This type of route is normally used for local networks.
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The <literal>host1</literal> line refers to the host by its Ethernet address. Since it is the sending host, FreeBSD knows to use the loopback interface (<filename>lo0</filename>) rather than the Ethernet interface.
The two <literal>host2</literal> lines represent aliases which were created using <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ifconfig</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>. The <literal>=&gt;</literal> symbol after the <filename>lo0</filename> interface says that an alias has been set in addition to the loopback address. Such routes only show up on the host that supports the alias and all other hosts on the local network will have a <literal>link#1</literal> line for such routes.
The final line (destination subnet <systemitem class="ipaddress">224</systemitem>) deals with multicasting.
Various attributes of each route can be seen in the <literal>Flags</literal> column. <xref linkend="routeflags"/> summarizes some of these flags and their meanings:
Commonly Seen Routing Table Flags
The route is active (up).
The route destination is a single host.
Send anything for this destination on to this gateway, which will figure out from there where to send it.
This route was statically configured.
Clones a new route based upon this route for machines to connect to. This type of route is normally used for local networks.
The route was auto-configured based upon a local area network (clone) route.
Route involves references to Ethernet (link) hardware.
On a FreeBSD system, the default route can defined in <filename>/etc/rc.conf</filename> by specifying the <acronym>IP</acronym> address of the default gateway:
It is also possible to manually add the route using <command>route</command>:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>route add default</userinput>
Note that manually added routes will not survive a reboot. For more information on manual manipulation of network routing tables, refer to <citerefentry><refentrytitle>route</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>.
Configuring a Router with Static Routes
<personname> <firstname>Al</firstname> <surname>Hoang</surname> </personname> <contrib>Contributed by </contrib>
<primary>dual homed hosts</primary>
A FreeBSD system can be configured as the default gateway, or router, for a network if it is a dual-homed system. A dual-homed system is a host which resides on at least two different networks. Typically, each network is connected to a separate network interface, though <acronym>IP</acronym> aliasing can be used to bind multiple addresses, each on a different subnet, to one physical interface.
In order for the system to forward packets between interfaces, FreeBSD must be configured as a router. Internet standards and good engineering practice prevent the FreeBSD Project from enabling this feature by default, but it can be configured to start at boot by adding this line to <filename>/etc/rc.conf</filename>:
gateway_enable="YES" # Set to YES if this host will be a gateway


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books/es_ES/handbook.po, string 10213