Translation

(itstool) path: imageobject/imagedata This is a reference to an external file such as an image or video. When the file changes, the md5 hash will change to let you know you need to update your localized copy. The msgstr is not used at all. Set it to whatever you like once you have updated your copy of the file.

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external ref='basics/example-dir4' md5='__failed__'
0/510
Context English Spanish State
Files and directories are referenced by giving the file or directory name, followed by a forward slash, <literal>/</literal>, followed by any other directory names that are necessary. For example, if the directory <filename>foo</filename> contains a directory <filename>bar</filename> which contains the file <filename>readme.txt</filename>, the full name, or <firstterm>path</firstterm>, to the file is <filename>foo/bar/readme.txt</filename>. Note that this is different from <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> which uses <literal>\</literal> to separate file and directory names. FreeBSD does not use drive letters, or other drive names in the path. For example, one would not type <filename>c:\foo\bar\readme.txt</filename> on FreeBSD.
Directories and files are stored in a file system. Each file system contains exactly one directory at the very top level, called the <firstterm>root directory</firstterm> for that file system. This root directory can contain other directories. One file system is designated the <firstterm>root file system</firstterm> or <literal>/</literal>. Every other file system is <firstterm>mounted</firstterm> under the root file system. No matter how many disks are on the FreeBSD system, every directory appears to be part of the same disk.
Consider three file systems, called <literal>A</literal>, <literal>B</literal>, and <literal>C</literal>. Each file system has one root directory, which contains two other directories, called <literal>A1</literal>, <literal>A2</literal> (and likewise <literal>B1</literal>, <literal>B2</literal> and <literal>C1</literal>, <literal>C2</literal>).
Call <literal>A</literal> the root file system. If <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ls</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> is used to view the contents of this directory, it will show two subdirectories, <literal>A1</literal> and <literal>A2</literal>. The directory tree looks like this:
_ external ref='basics/example-dir1' md5='__failed__'
/
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+--- A1
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`--- A2
A file system must be mounted on to a directory in another file system. When mounting file system <literal>B</literal> on to the directory <literal>A1</literal>, the root directory of <literal>B</literal> replaces <literal>A1</literal>, and the directories in <literal>B</literal> appear accordingly:
_ external ref='basics/example-dir2' md5='__failed__'
/
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+--- A1
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| +--- B1
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| `--- B2
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`--- A2
Any files that are in the <literal>B1</literal> or <literal>B2</literal> directories can be reached with the path <filename>/A1/B1</filename> or <filename>/A1/B2</filename> as necessary. Any files that were in <filename>/A1</filename> have been temporarily hidden. They will reappear if <literal>B</literal> is <firstterm>unmounted</firstterm> from <literal>A</literal>.
If <literal>B</literal> had been mounted on <literal>A2</literal> then the diagram would look like this:
_ external ref='basics/example-dir3' md5='__failed__'
/
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+--- A1
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`--- A2
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+--- B1
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`--- B2
and the paths would be <filename>/A2/B1</filename> and <filename>/A2/B2</filename> respectively.
File systems can be mounted on top of one another. Continuing the last example, the <literal>C</literal> file system could be mounted on top of the <literal>B1</literal> directory in the <literal>B</literal> file system, leading to this arrangement:
_ external ref='basics/example-dir4' md5='__failed__'
/
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+--- A1
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`--- A2
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+--- B1
| |
| +--- C1
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| `--- C2
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`--- B2
Or <literal>C</literal> could be mounted directly on to the <literal>A</literal> file system, under the <literal>A1</literal> directory:
_ external ref='basics/example-dir5' md5='__failed__'
/
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+--- A1
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| +--- C1
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| `--- C2
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`--- A2
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+--- B1
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`--- B2
It is entirely possible to have one large root file system, and not need to create any others. There are some drawbacks to this approach, and one advantage.
Benefits of Multiple File Systems
Different file systems can have different <firstterm>mount options</firstterm>. For example, the root file system can be mounted read-only, making it impossible for users to inadvertently delete or edit a critical file. Separating user-writable file systems, such as <filename>/home</filename>, from other file systems allows them to be mounted <firstterm>nosuid</firstterm>. This option prevents the <firstterm>suid</firstterm>/<firstterm>guid</firstterm> bits on executables stored on the file system from taking effect, possibly improving security.
FreeBSD automatically optimizes the layout of files on a file system, depending on how the file system is being used. So a file system that contains many small files that are written frequently will have a different optimization to one that contains fewer, larger files. By having one big file system this optimization breaks down.
FreeBSD's file systems are robust if power is lost. However, a power loss at a critical point could still damage the structure of the file system. By splitting data over multiple file systems it is more likely that the system will still come up, making it easier to restore from backup as necessary.
Benefit of a Single File System
File systems are a fixed size. If you create a file system when you install FreeBSD and give it a specific size, you may later discover that you need to make the partition bigger. This is not easily accomplished without backing up, recreating the file system with the new size, and then restoring the backed up data.
FreeBSD features the <citerefentry><refentrytitle>growfs</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> command, which makes it possible to increase the size of file system on the fly, removing this limitation.
File systems are contained in partitions. This does not have the same meaning as the common usage of the term partition (for example, <trademark class="registered">MS-DOS</trademark> partition), because of FreeBSD's <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> heritage. Each partition is identified by a letter from <literal>a</literal> through to <literal>h</literal>. Each partition can contain only one file system, which means that file systems are often described by either their typical mount point in the file system hierarchy, or the letter of the partition they are contained in.
FreeBSD also uses disk space for <firstterm>swap space</firstterm> to provide <firstterm>virtual memory</firstterm>. This allows your computer to behave as though it has much more memory than it actually does. When FreeBSD runs out of memory, it moves some of the data that is not currently being used to the swap space, and moves it back in (moving something else out) when it needs it.
Some partitions have certain conventions associated with them.
ComponentTranslation
This translation Not translated FreeBSD Doc/books_handbook
The following strings have different sources, but the same context.
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-releng Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
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Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-update-server Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019, 2020

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019, 2020
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Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_gjournal-desktop external ref='disklabel2' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='disklabel2' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_ldap-auth Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_building-products Manuel Megías joramsinkin@hotmail.com, 2018

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Manuel Megías joramsinkin@hotmail.com, 2018
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Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_committers-guide Manuel Megías joramsinkin@hotmail.com, 2019
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Manuel Megías joramsinkin@hotmail.com, 2019
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_new-users Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_building-products referencia externa='freebsd-organization' md5='__failed__'

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referencia externa='freebsd-organization' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_building-products referencia externa ='freebsd-branches' md5='__failed__'

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referencia externa ='freebsd-branches' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_contributing José Ramón Baz jr_baz@hartu.net
José Vicente Carrasco carvay@es.FreeBSD.org
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019,2020

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José Ramón Baz jr_baz@hartu.net
José Vicente Carrasco carvay@es.FreeBSD.org
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019,2020
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_freebsd-questions Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_gjournal-desktop Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_ipsec-must Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_mailing-list-faq Equipo de traducción de FreeBSD al Español
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Equipo de traducción de FreeBSD al Español
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_gjournal-desktop external ref='disklabel1' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='disklabel1' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_pgpkeys Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_linux-users Equipo de traducción de FreeBSD al Español
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Equipo de traducción de FreeBSD al Español
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Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_leap-seconds Federico Caminiti demian.fc@gmail.com
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019

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Federico Caminiti demian.fc@gmail.com
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_linux-emulation Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_port-mentor-guidelines Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_pr-guidelines Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_bsdl-gpl Manuel Megías joramsinkin@hotmail.com, 2018
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019

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Manuel Megías joramsinkin@hotmail.com, 2018
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_filtering-bridge Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2020

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2020
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_fonts Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019, 2020

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019, 2020
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_problem-reports Juan F. Rodriguez jrh@it.uc3m.es, 2007
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019

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Juan F. Rodriguez jrh@it.uc3m.es, 2007
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_pam créditos de traducción

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créditos de traducción
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Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng external ref='branches-releng3' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='branches-releng3' md5='__failed__'
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng Equipo de traducción de FreeBSD al Español,
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Equipo de traducción de FreeBSD al Español,
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_releng external ref='branches-releng4' md5='__failed__'

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external ref='branches-releng4' md5='__failed__'
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Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_remote-install Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_nanobsd Federico Caminiti demian.fc@gmail.com, 2015
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Federico Caminiti demian.fc@gmail.com, 2015
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/books_faq Federico Caminiti demian.fc@gmail.com, 2015, 2016
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Federico Caminiti demian.fc@gmail.com, 2015, 2016
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_hubs translator-credits

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translator-credits
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Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_contributors créditos-traductores

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créditos-traductores
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_solid-state Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_cups Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@mailbox.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_geom-class Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019
Translated FreeBSD Doc/articles_explaining-bsd José Ramón Baz jr_baz@hartu.net
José Vicente Carrasco carvay@es.FreeBSD.org
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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José Ramón Baz jr_baz@hartu.net
José Vicente Carrasco carvay@es.FreeBSD.org
Sergio Carlavilla carlavilla@FreeBSD.org, 2019

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New source string

FreeBSD Doc / books_handbookSpanish

New source string a year ago
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Glossary

English Spanish
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Source information

Context
_
Source string comment

(itstool) path: imageobject/imagedata This is a reference to an external file such as an image or video. When the file changes, the md5 hash will change to let you know you need to update your localized copy. The msgstr is not used at all. Set it to whatever you like once you have updated your copy of the file.

Source string location
book.translate.xml:7726
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/es_ES/handbook.po, string 1246