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<literal>freebsd-swap</literal> - FreeBSD swap space.
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Apple Partition Map, used by <trademark class="registered">PowerPC</trademark>.
BSD
<acronym>BSD</acronym> label without an <acronym>MBR</acronym>, sometimes called <firstterm>dangerously dedicated mode</firstterm> as non-<acronym>BSD</acronym> disk utilities may not recognize it.
GPT
GUID Partition Table (<link xlink:href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GUID_Partition_Table">http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GUID_Partition_Table</link>).
MBR
Master Boot Record (<link xlink:href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Master_boot_record">http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Master_boot_record</link>).
VTOC8
Volume Table Of Contents used by Sun SPARC64 and UltraSPARC computers.
After the partitioning scheme has been selected and created, select <guibutton>[ Create ]</guibutton> again to create the partitions. The <keycap>Tab</keycap> key is used to move the cursor between fields.
_ external ref='bsdinstall/bsdinstall-part-manual-addpart' md5='__failed__'
A standard FreeBSD <acronym>GPT</acronym> installation uses at least three partitions:
<literal>freebsd-boot</literal> - Holds the FreeBSD boot code.
<literal>freebsd-ufs</literal> - A FreeBSD <acronym>UFS</acronym> file system.
<literal>freebsd-zfs</literal> - A FreeBSD <acronym>ZFS</acronym> file system. More information about ZFS is available in <xref linkend="zfs"/>.
<literal>freebsd-swap</literal> - FreeBSD swap space.
Refer to <citerefentry><refentrytitle>gpart</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> for descriptions of the available <acronym>GPT</acronym> partition types.
Multiple file system partitions can be created and some people prefer a traditional layout with separate partitions for <filename>/</filename>, <filename>/var</filename>, <filename>/tmp</filename>, and <filename>/usr</filename>. See <xref linkend="bsdinstall-part-manual-splitfs"/> for an example.
The <literal>Size</literal> may be entered with common abbreviations: <emphasis>K</emphasis> for kilobytes, <emphasis>M</emphasis> for megabytes, or <emphasis>G</emphasis> for gigabytes.
Proper sector alignment provides the best performance, and making partition sizes even multiples of 4K bytes helps to ensure alignment on drives with either 512-byte or 4K-byte sectors. Generally, using partition sizes that are even multiples of 1M or 1G is the easiest way to make sure every partition starts at an even multiple of 4K. There is one exception: the <emphasis>freebsd-boot</emphasis> partition should be no larger than 512K due to current boot code limitations.
A <literal>Mountpoint</literal> is needed if the partition will contain a file system. If only a single <acronym>UFS</acronym> partition will be created, the mountpoint should be <filename>/</filename>.
The <literal>Label</literal> is a name by which the partition will be known. Drive names or numbers can change if the drive is connected to a different controller or port, but the partition label does not change. Referring to labels instead of drive names and partition numbers in files like <filename>/etc/fstab</filename> makes the system more tolerant to hardware changes. <acronym>GPT</acronym> labels appear in <filename>/dev/gpt/</filename> when a disk is attached. Other partitioning schemes have different label capabilities and their labels appear in different directories in <filename>/dev/</filename>.
Use a unique label on every partition to avoid conflicts from identical labels. A few letters from the computer's name, use, or location can be added to the label. For instance, use <literal>labroot</literal> or <literal>rootfslab</literal> for the <acronym>UFS</acronym> root partition on the computer named <literal>lab</literal>.
Creating Traditional Split File System Partitions
For a traditional partition layout where the <filename>/</filename>, <filename>/var</filename>, <filename>/tmp</filename>, and <filename>/usr</filename> directories are separate file systems on their own partitions, create a <acronym>GPT</acronym> partitioning scheme, then create the partitions as shown. Partition sizes shown are typical for a 20G target disk. If more space is available on the target disk, larger swap or <filename>/var</filename> partitions may be useful. Labels shown here are prefixed with <literal>ex</literal> for <quote>example</quote>, but readers should use other unique label values as described above.
By default, FreeBSD's <filename>gptboot</filename> expects the first <acronym>UFS</acronym> partition to be the <filename>/</filename> partition.
Partition Type
Size
Mountpoint
Label
<literal>freebsd-boot</literal>

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Source string comment
(itstool) path: listitem/para
Source string location
book.translate.xml:4207
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/es_ES/handbook.po, string 576