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Virtualization software allows multiple operating systems to run simultaneously on the same computer. Such software systems for <acronym>PC</acronym>s often involve a host operating system which runs the virtualization software and supports any number of guest operating systems.
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Have some familiarity with <link linkend="disks">disks</link>, storage, and device names in FreeBSD.
<trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> File Systems
FreeBSD provides built-in support for several <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> file systems. This section demonstrates how to load support for and how to mount the supported <trademark class="registered">Linux</trademark> file systems.
<acronym>ext2</acronym>
Kernel support for ext2 file systems has been available since FreeBSD 2.2. In FreeBSD 8.x and earlier, the code is licensed under the <acronym>GPL</acronym>. Since FreeBSD 9.0, the code has been rewritten and is now <acronym>BSD</acronym> licensed.
The <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ext2fs</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry> driver allows the FreeBSD kernel to both read and write to ext2 file systems.
This driver can also be used to access ext3 and ext4 file systems. The <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ext2fs</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry> filesystem has full read and write support for ext4 as of FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE. Additionally, extended attributes and ACLs are also supported, while journalling and encryption are not. Starting with FreeBSD 12.1-RELEASE, a DTrace provider will be available as well. Prior versions of FreeBSD can access ext4 in read and write mode using <package>sysutils/fusefs-ext2</package>.
To access an ext file system, first load the kernel loadable module:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>kldload ext2fs</userinput>
Then, mount the ext volume by specifying its FreeBSD partition name and an existing mount point. This example mounts <filename>/dev/ad1s1</filename> on <filename>/mnt</filename>:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>mount -t ext2fs <replaceable>/dev/ad1s1</replaceable> <replaceable>/mnt</replaceable></userinput>
Virtualization
<personname> <firstname>Murray</firstname> <surname>Stokely</surname> </personname> <contrib>Contributed by </contrib>
<personname> <firstname>Allan</firstname> <surname>Jude</surname> </personname> <contrib>bhyve section by </contrib>
<personname> <firstname>Benedict</firstname> <surname>Reuschling</surname> </personname> <contrib>Xen section by </contrib>
Virtualization software allows multiple operating systems to run simultaneously on the same computer. Such software systems for <acronym>PC</acronym>s often involve a host operating system which runs the virtualization software and supports any number of guest operating systems.
The difference between a host operating system and a guest operating system.
How to install FreeBSD on an <trademark class="registered">Intel</trademark>-based <trademark class="registered">Apple</trademark> <trademark class="registered">Mac</trademark> computer.
How to install FreeBSD on <trademark class="registered">Microsoft</trademark> <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> with <application>Virtual PC</application>.
How to install FreeBSD as a guest in <application>bhyve</application>.
How to tune a FreeBSD system for best performance under virtualization.
Understand the <link linkend="basics">basics of <trademark class="registered">UNIX</trademark> and FreeBSD</link>.
Know how to <link linkend="bsdinstall">install FreeBSD</link>.
Know how to <link linkend="advanced-networking">set up a network connection</link>.
Know how to <link linkend="ports">install additional third-party software</link>.
FreeBSD as a Guest on <application>Parallels</application> for <trademark class="registered">Mac OS</trademark> X
<application>Parallels Desktop</application> for <trademark class="registered">Mac</trademark> is a commercial software product available for <trademark class="registered">Intel</trademark> based <trademark class="registered">Apple</trademark> <trademark class="registered">Mac</trademark> computers running <trademark class="registered">Mac OS</trademark> 10.4.6 or higher. FreeBSD is a fully supported guest operating system. Once <application>Parallels</application> has been installed on <trademark class="registered">Mac OS</trademark> X, the user must configure a virtual machine and then install the desired guest operating system.
Installing FreeBSD on Parallels/<trademark class="registered">Mac OS</trademark> X
The first step in installing FreeBSD on <application>Parallels</application> is to create a new virtual machine for installing FreeBSD. Select <guimenuitem>FreeBSD</guimenuitem> as the <guimenu>Guest OS Type</guimenu> when prompted:
_ external ref='virtualization/parallels-freebsd1' md5='__failed__'
Choose a reasonable amount of disk and memory depending on the plans for this virtual FreeBSD instance. 4GB of disk space and 512MB of RAM work well for most uses of FreeBSD under <application>Parallels</application>:

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Source string comment
(itstool) path: sect1/para
Source string location
book.translate.xml:42015
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/es_ES/handbook.po, string 6798