(itstool) path: sect1/programlisting

poll protocol pop3 username "joesoap" password "XXX"
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In the screenshot below, a sample message is displayed by <application>alpine</application>. Contextual keyboard shortcuts are displayed at the bottom of the screen. An example of one of a shortcut is <keycap>r</keycap>, which tells the <acronym>MUA</acronym> to reply to the current message being displayed.
_ external ref='mail/pine4' md5='__failed__'
Replying to an email in <application>alpine</application> is done using the <application>pico</application> editor, which is installed by default with <application>alpine</application>. <application>pico</application> makes it easy to navigate the message and is easier for novice users to use than <citerefentry><refentrytitle>vi</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> or <citerefentry><refentrytitle>mail</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry>. Once the reply is complete, the message can be sent by pressing <keycombo action="simul"><keycap>Ctrl</keycap><keycap>X</keycap> </keycombo>. <application>alpine</application> will ask for confirmation before sending the message.
_ external ref='mail/pine5' md5='__failed__'
<application>alpine</application> can be customized using the <guimenuitem>SETUP</guimenuitem> option from the main menu. Consult <uri xlink:href=""></uri> for more information.
Using <application>fetchmail</application>
<application>fetchmail</application> is a full-featured <acronym>IMAP</acronym> and <acronym>POP</acronym> client. It allows users to automatically download mail from remote <acronym>IMAP</acronym> and <acronym>POP</acronym> servers and save it into local mailboxes where it can be accessed more easily. <application>fetchmail</application> can be installed using the <package>mail/fetchmail</package> port, and offers various features, including:
Support for the <acronym>POP3</acronym>, <acronym>APOP</acronym>, <acronym>KPOP</acronym>, <acronym>IMAP</acronym>, <acronym>ETRN</acronym> and <acronym>ODMR</acronym> protocols.
Ability to forward mail using <acronym>SMTP</acronym>, which allows filtering, forwarding, and aliasing to function normally.
May be run in daemon mode to check periodically for new messages.
Can retrieve multiple mailboxes and forward them, based on configuration, to different local users.
This section explains some of the basic features of <application>fetchmail</application>. This utility requires a <filename>.fetchmailrc</filename> configuration in the user's home directory in order to run correctly. This file includes server information as well as login credentials. Due to the sensitive nature of the contents of this file, it is advisable to make it readable only by the user, with the following command:
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>chmod 600 .fetchmailrc</userinput>
The following <filename>.fetchmailrc</filename> serves as an example for downloading a single user mailbox using <acronym>POP</acronym>. It tells <application>fetchmail</application> to connect to <systemitem class="fqdomainname"></systemitem> using a username of <systemitem class="username">joesoap</systemitem> and a password of <literal>XXX</literal>. This example assumes that the user <systemitem class="username">joesoap</systemitem> exists on the local system.
poll protocol pop3 username "joesoap" password "XXX"
The next example connects to multiple <acronym>POP</acronym> and <acronym>IMAP</acronym> servers and redirects to different local usernames where applicable:
poll proto pop3:
user "joesoap", with password "XXX", is "jsoap" here;
user "andrea", with password "XXXX";
poll proto imap:
user "john", with password "XXXXX", is "myth" here;
<application>fetchmail</application> can be run in daemon mode by running it with <option>-d</option>, followed by the interval (in seconds) that <application>fetchmail</application> should poll servers listed in <filename>.fetchmailrc</filename>. The following example configures <application>fetchmail</application> to poll every 600 seconds:
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>fetchmail -d 600</userinput>
More information on <application>fetchmail</application> can be found at <uri xlink:href=""></uri>.
Using <application>procmail</application>
<application>procmail</application> is a powerful application used to filter incoming mail. It allows users to define <quote>rules</quote> which can be matched to incoming mails to perform specific functions or to reroute mail to alternative mailboxes or email addresses. <application>procmail</application> can be installed using the <package>mail/procmail</package> port. Once installed, it can be directly integrated into most <acronym>MTA</acronym>s. Consult the <acronym>MTA</acronym> documentation for more information. Alternatively, <application>procmail</application> can be integrated by adding the following line to a <filename>.forward</filename> in the home directory of the user:
"|exec /usr/local/bin/procmail || exit 75"
The following section displays some basic <application>procmail</application> rules, as well as brief descriptions of what they do. Rules must be inserted into a <filename>.procmailrc</filename>, which must reside in the user's home directory.
The majority of these rules can be found in <citerefentry vendor="ports"><refentrytitle>procmailex</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>.
To forward all mail from <email></email> to an external address of <email role="nolink"></email>:
* ^From.*
To forward all mails shorter than 1000 bytes to an external address of <email role="nolink"></email>:
* &lt; 1000


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books/es_ES/handbook.po, string 8625