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As seen in this example, the message will be displayed with full headers. To display the list of messages again, press <keycap>h</keycap>.
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To test the configuration, use a <acronym>MUA</acronym> to send a test message. For further investigation, set the <option>LogLevel</option> of <application>Sendmail</application> to <literal>13</literal> and watch <filename>/var/log/maillog</filename> for any errors.
For more information, refer to <link xlink:href=""> <acronym>SMTP</acronym> authentication</link>.
Mail User Agents
<personname> <firstname>Marc</firstname> <surname>Silver</surname> </personname> <contrib>Contributed by </contrib>
<primary>Mail User Agents</primary>
A <acronym>MUA</acronym> is an application that is used to send and receive email. As email <quote>evolves</quote> and becomes more complex, <acronym>MUA</acronym>s are becoming increasingly powerful and provide users increased functionality and flexibility. The <literal>mail</literal> category of the FreeBSD Ports Collection contains numerous <acronym>MUA</acronym>s. These include graphical email clients such as <application>Evolution</application> or <application>Balsa</application> and console based clients such as <application>mutt</application> or <application>alpine</application>.
<citerefentry><refentrytitle>mail</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> is the default <acronym>MUA</acronym> installed with FreeBSD. It is a console based <acronym>MUA</acronym> that offers the basic functionality required to send and receive text-based email. It provides limited attachment support and can only access local mailboxes.
Although <command>mail</command> does not natively support interaction with <acronym>POP</acronym> or <acronym>IMAP</acronym> servers, these mailboxes may be downloaded to a local <filename>mbox</filename> using an application such as <application>fetchmail</application>.
In order to send and receive email, run <command>mail</command>:
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>mail</userinput>
The contents of the user's mailbox in <filename>/var/mail</filename> are automatically read by <command>mail</command>. Should the mailbox be empty, the utility exits with a message indicating that no mail could be found. If mail exists, the application interface starts, and a list of messages will be displayed. Messages are automatically numbered, as can be seen in the following example:
Mail version 8.1 6/6/93. Type ? for help.
"/var/mail/marcs": 3 messages 3 new
&gt;N 1 root@localhost Mon Mar 8 14:05 14/510 "test"
N 2 root@localhost Mon Mar 8 14:05 14/509 "user account"
N 3 root@localhost Mon Mar 8 14:05 14/509 "sample"
Messages can now be read by typing <keycap>t</keycap> followed by the message number. This example reads the first email:
&amp; <userinput>t 1</userinput>
Message 1:
From root@localhost Mon Mar 8 14:05:52 2004
X-Original-To: marcs@localhost
Delivered-To: marcs@localhost
To: marcs@localhost
Subject: test
Date: Mon, 8 Mar 2004 14:05:52 +0200 (SAST)
From: root@localhost (Charlie Root)

This is a test message, please reply if you receive it.
As seen in this example, the message will be displayed with full headers. To display the list of messages again, press <keycap>h</keycap>.
If the email requires a reply, press either <keycap>R</keycap> or <keycap>r</keycap> <command>mail</command> keys. <keycap>R</keycap> instructs <command>mail</command> to reply only to the sender of the email, while <keycap>r</keycap> replies to all other recipients of the message. These commands can be suffixed with the mail number of the message to reply to. After typing the response, the end of the message should be marked by a single <keycap>.</keycap> on its own line. An example can be seen below:
&amp; <userinput>R 1</userinput>
To: root@localhost
Subject: Re: test

<userinput>Thank you, I did get your email.
In order to send a new email, press <keycap>m</keycap>, followed by the recipient email address. Multiple recipients may be specified by separating each address with the <keycap>,</keycap> delimiter. The subject of the message may then be entered, followed by the message contents. The end of the message should be specified by putting a single <keycap>.</keycap> on its own line.
&amp; <userinput>mail root@localhost</userinput>
Subject: <userinput>I mastered mail

Now I can send and receive email using mail ... :)
While using <command>mail</command>, press <keycap>?</keycap> to display help at any time. Refer to <citerefentry><refentrytitle>mail</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> for more help on how to use <command>mail</command>.
<citerefentry><refentrytitle>mail</refentrytitle><manvolnum>1</manvolnum></citerefentry> was not designed to handle attachments and thus deals with them poorly. Newer <acronym>MUA</acronym>s handle attachments in a more intelligent way. Users who prefer to use <command>mail</command> may find the <package>converters/mpack</package> port to be of considerable use.
<application>mutt</application> is a powerful <acronym>MUA</acronym>, with many features, including:
The ability to thread messages.
PGP support for digital signing and encryption of email.
MIME support.
Maildir support.
Highly customizable.
Refer to <uri xlink:href=""></uri> for more information on <application>mutt</application>.
<application>mutt</application> may be installed using the <package>mail/mutt</package> port. After the port has been installed, <application>mutt</application> can be started by issuing the following command:


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(itstool) path: sect2/para
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books/es_ES/handbook.po, string 8887