Translation

(itstool) path: sect3/screen
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> up scan</userinput>
SSID/MESH ID BSSID CHAN RATE S:N INT CAPS
freebsdap 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac 1 54M -66:-96 100 ES WME
353/3530
Context English Turkish (tr_TR) State
Once wireless networking support is loaded, check if the wireless device supports the host-based access point mode, also known as hostap mode: Kablosuz ağ desteği yüklendikten sonra, kablosuz cihazın hostap modu olarak da bilinen ana bilgisayar tabanlı erişim noktası modunu destekleyip desteklemediğini kontrol edin:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> list caps</userinput>
drivercaps=6f85edc1&lt;STA,FF,TURBOP,IBSS,HOSTAP,AHDEMO,TXPMGT,SHSLOT,SHPREAMBLE,MONITOR,MBSS,WPA1,WPA2,BURST,WME,WDS,BGSCAN,TXFRAG&gt;
cryptocaps=1f&lt;WEP,TKIP,AES,AES_CCM,TKIPMIC&gt;
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> list caps</userinput>
drivercaps=6f85edc1&lt;STA,FF,TURBOP,IBSS,HOSTAP,AHDEMO,TXPMGT,SHSLOT,SHPREAMBLE,MONITOR,MBSS,WPA1,WPA2,BURST,WME,WDS,BGSCAN,TXFRAG&gt;
cryptocaps=1f&lt;WEP,TKIP,AES,AES_CCM,TKIPMIC&gt;
This output displays the card's capabilities. The <literal>HOSTAP</literal> word confirms that this wireless card can act as an <acronym>AP</acronym>. Various supported ciphers are also listed: <acronym>WEP</acronym>, <acronym>TKIP</acronym>, and <acronym>AES</acronym>. This information indicates which security protocols can be used on the <acronym>AP</acronym>. Bu çıkış kartın özelliklerini görüntüler. <literal> HOSTAP </literal> sözcüğü, bu kablosuz kartın bir <acronym> AP </acronym> görevi yapabileceğini doğrular. Çeşitli desteklenen şifreler de listelenmiştir: <acronym> WEP </acronym>, <acronym> TKIP </acronym> ve <acronym> AES </acronym>. Bu bilgi, <acronym> AP </acronym> üzerinde hangi güvenlik protokollerinin kullanılabileceğini gösterir.
The wireless device can only be put into hostap mode during the creation of the network pseudo-device, so a previously created device must be destroyed first: Kablosuz aygıt yalnızca ağ sahte aygıtının oluşturulması sırasında rehin moduna alınabilir, bu nedenle önce oluşturulan bir aygıtın önce imha edilmesi gerekir:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> destroy</userinput> <prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> destroy</userinput>
then regenerated with the correct option before setting the other parameters: daha sonra diğer parametreleri ayarlamadan önce doğru seçenekle yeniden oluşturuldu:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable> wlanmode hostap</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> inet <replaceable>192.168.0.1</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> ssid <replaceable>freebsdap</replaceable> mode 11g channel 1</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable> wlanmode hostap</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> inet <replaceable>192.168.0.1</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> ssid <replaceable>freebsdap</replaceable> mode 11g channel 1</userinput>
Use <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ifconfig</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> again to see the status of the <filename>wlan0</filename> interface: <filename> wlan0 </filename> arayüzünün durumunu görmek için tekrar <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ifconfig</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry> kullanın:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; metric 0 mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
inet 192.168.0.1 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet autoselect mode 11g &lt;hostap&gt;
status: running
ssid freebsdap channel 1 (2412 Mhz 11g) bssid 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode OPEN privacy OFF txpower 21.5 scanvalid 60
protmode CTS wme burst dtimperiod 1 -dfs
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; metric 0 mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
inet 192.168.0.1 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet autoselect mode 11g &lt;hostap&gt;
status: running
ssid freebsdap channel 1 (2412 Mhz 11g) bssid 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode OPEN privacy OFF txpower 21.5 scanvalid 60
protmode CTS wme burst dtimperiod 1 -dfs
The <literal>hostap</literal> parameter indicates the interface is running in the host-based access point mode. <literal> hostap </literal> parametresi, arabirimin ana bilgisayar tabanlı erişim noktası modunda çalıştığını gösterir.
The interface configuration can be done automatically at boot time by adding the following lines to <filename>/etc/rc.conf</filename>: Arayüz yapılandırması, önyükleme sırasında <filename> /etc/rc.conf </filename> dosyasına aşağıdaki satırlar eklenerek otomatik olarak yapılabilir:
wlans_ath0="wlan0"
create_args_wlan0="wlanmode hostap"
ifconfig_wlan0="inet <replaceable>192.168.0.1</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> ssid <replaceable>freebsdap</replaceable> mode 11g channel <replaceable>1</replaceable>"
wlans_ath0="wlan0"
create_args_wlan0="wlanmode hostap"
ifconfig_wlan0="inet <replaceable>192.168.0.1</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> ssid <replaceable>freebsdap</replaceable> mode 11g channel <replaceable>1</replaceable>"
Host-based Access Point Without Authentication or Encryption Kimlik Doğrulama veya Şifrelemesiz Ana Bilgisayar Tabanlı Erişim Noktası
Although it is not recommended to run an <acronym>AP</acronym> without any authentication or encryption, this is a simple way to check if the <acronym>AP</acronym> is working. This configuration is also important for debugging client issues. Herhangi bir kimlik doğrulama veya şifreleme olmadan bir <acronym> AP </acronym> çalıştırmanız önerilmez, ancak bu <acronym> AP </acronym> 'un çalışıp çalışmadığını kontrol etmenin basit bir yoludur. Bu yapılandırma aynı zamanda istemci sorunlarının ayıklanması için de önemlidir.
Once the <acronym>AP</acronym> is configured, initiate a scan from another wireless machine to find the <acronym>AP</acronym>: <acronym> AP </acronym> yapılandırıldıktan sonra, <acronym> AP </acronym> öğesini bulmak için başka bir kablosuz makineden bir tarama başlatın:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> up scan</userinput>
SSID/MESH ID BSSID CHAN RATE S:N INT CAPS
freebsdap 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac 1 54M -66:-96 100 ES WME
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> up scan</userinput>
SSID/MESH ID BSSID CHAN RATE S:N INT CAPS
freebsdap 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac 1 54M -66:-96 100 ES WME
The client machine found the <acronym>AP</acronym> and can be associated with it: İstemci makine <acronym> AP </acronym> 'ı buldu ve onunla ilişkilendirilebilir:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> inet <replaceable>192.168.0.2</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> ssid <replaceable>freebsdap</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; metric 0 mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:d5:43:62
inet 192.168.0.2 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet OFDM/54Mbps mode 11g
status: associated
ssid freebsdap channel 1 (2412 Mhz 11g) bssid 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode OPEN privacy OFF txpower 21.5 bmiss 7
scanvalid 60 bgscan bgscanintvl 300 bgscanidle 250 roam:rssi 7
roam:rate 5 protmode CTS wme burst
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> inet <replaceable>192.168.0.2</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> ssid <replaceable>freebsdap</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; metric 0 mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:d5:43:62
inet 192.168.0.2 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet OFDM/54Mbps mode 11g
status: associated
ssid freebsdap channel 1 (2412 Mhz 11g) bssid 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode OPEN privacy OFF txpower 21.5 bmiss 7
scanvalid 60 bgscan bgscanintvl 300 bgscanidle 250 roam:rssi 7
roam:rate 5 protmode CTS wme burst
<acronym>WPA2</acronym> Host-based Access Point <acronym>WPA2</acronym> sunucu erişim noktası
This section focuses on setting up a FreeBSD access point using the <acronym>WPA2</acronym> security protocol. More details regarding <acronym>WPA</acronym> and the configuration of <acronym>WPA</acronym>-based wireless clients can be found in <xref linkend="network-wireless-wpa"/>. Bu bölüm, <acronym> WPA2 </acronym> güvenlik protokolünü kullanarak bir FreeBSD erişim noktası kurmaya odaklanmaktadır. <acronym> WPA </acronym> ve <acronym> WPA </acronym> tabanlı kablosuz istemcilerin yapılandırması hakkında daha fazla ayrıntı <xref linkend = "network-wireless-wpa" /> sayfasında bulunabilir.
The <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hostapd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> daemon is used to deal with client authentication and key management on the <acronym>WPA2</acronym>-enabled <acronym>AP</acronym>. <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hostapd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry> arka plan programı, <acronym> WPA2 </acronym> etkin <acronym> üzerindeki istemci kimlik doğrulaması ve anahtar yönetimi ile ilgilenmek için kullanılır AP </ acronym>.
The following configuration operations are performed on the FreeBSD machine acting as the <acronym>AP</acronym>. Once the <acronym>AP</acronym> is correctly working, <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hostapd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> can be automatically started at boot with this line in <filename>/etc/rc.conf</filename>: Aşağıdaki yapılandırma işlemleri, <acronym> AP </acronym> olarak işlev gören FreeBSD makinesinde gerçekleştirilir. <acronym> AP </acronym> doğru bir şekilde çalıştıktan sonra, <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hostapd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry> bu satırla <filename> içinde otomatik olarak başlatılabilir /etc/rc.conf </ filename>:
hostapd_enable="YES" hostapd_enable="EVET"
Before trying to configure <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hostapd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>, first configure the basic settings introduced in <xref linkend="network-wireless-ap-basic"/>. <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hostapd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry> 'yi yapılandırmaya çalışmadan önce, ilk önce <xref linkend = "network-wireless-ap-basic" /> .
<acronym>WPA2-PSK</acronym> <acronym>WPA2-PSK</acronym>
<acronym>WPA2-PSK</acronym> is intended for small networks where the use of a backend authentication server is not possible or desired. <acronym> WPA2-PSK </acronym>, arka uç kimlik doğrulama sunucusunun kullanılmasının mümkün olmadığı veya istenmediği küçük ağlar için tasarlanmıştır.
The configuration is done in <filename>/etc/hostapd.conf</filename>: Yapılandırma <filename> /etc/hostapd.conf </filename> içinde yapılır:
interface=wlan0 <co xml:id="co-ap-wpapsk-iface"/>
debug=1 <co xml:id="co-ap-wpapsk-dbug"/>
ctrl_interface=/var/run/hostapd <co xml:id="co-ap-wpapsk-ciface"/>
ctrl_interface_group=wheel <co xml:id="co-ap-wpapsk-cifacegrp"/>
ssid=freebsdap <co xml:id="co-ap-wpapsk-ssid"/>
wpa=2 <co xml:id="co-ap-wpapsk-wpa"/>
wpa_passphrase=freebsdmall <co xml:id="co-ap-wpapsk-pass"/>
wpa_key_mgmt=WPA-PSK <co xml:id="co-ap-wpapsk-kmgmt"/>
wpa_pairwise=CCMP <co xml:id="co-ap-wpapsk-pwise"/>
interface=wlan0 <co xml:id="co-ap-wpapsk-iface"/>
debug=1 <co xml:id="co-ap-wpapsk-dbug"/>
ctrl_interface=/var/run/hostapd <co xml:id="co-ap-wpapsk-ciface"/>
ctrl_interface_group=wheel <co xml:id="co-ap-wpapsk-cifacegrp"/>
ssid=freebsdap <co xml:id="co-ap-wpapsk-ssid"/>
wpa=2 <co xml:id="co-ap-wpapsk-wpa"/>
wpa_passphrase=freebsdmall <co xml:id="co-ap-wpapsk-pass"/>
wpa_key_mgmt=WPA-PSK <co xml:id="co-ap-wpapsk-kmgmt"/>
wpa_pairwise=CCMP <co xml:id="co-ap-wpapsk-pwise"/>
Wireless interface used for the access point. Erişim noktası için kullanılan kablosuz arayüz.
Level of verbosity used during the execution of <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hostapd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>. A value of <literal>1</literal> represents the minimal level. <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hostapd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry> uygulaması sırasında kullanılan ayrıntı düzeyi. <literal> 1 </literal> değeri minimum seviyeyi temsil eder.
Pathname of the directory used by <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hostapd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> to store domain socket files for communication with external programs such as <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hostapd_cli</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>. The default value is used in this example. <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hostapd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry> tarafından etki alanı soket dosyalarını <citerefentry> <refentrytitle> hostapd_cli << refentrytitle> <manvolnum> 8 </ manvolnum> </ citerefentry>. Bu örnekte varsayılan değer kullanılır.

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<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> up scan</userinput>
SSID/MESH ID BSSID CHAN RATE S:N INT CAPS
freebsdap 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac 1 54M -66:-96 100 ES WME
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> up scan</userinput>
SSID/MESH ID BSSID CHAN RATE S:N INT CAPS
freebsdap 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac 1 54M -66:-96 100 ES WME
6 months ago
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English Turkish (tr_TR)
baud rate baud oranı FreeBSD Doc
scan taramak FreeBSD Doc

Source information

Source string comment
(itstool) path: sect3/screen
Flags
no-wrap
Source string location
book.translate.xml:65535
String age
8 months ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/tr_TR/handbook.po, string 10791