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(itstool) path: sect2/para
English
The <literal>BD_ADDR</literal> is the unique address of a Bluetooth device, similar to the <acronym>MAC</acronym> address of a network card. This address is needed for further communication with a device and it is possible to assign a human readable name to a <literal>BD_ADDR</literal>. Information regarding the known Bluetooth hosts is contained in <filename>/etc/bluetooth/hosts</filename>. The following example shows how to obtain the human readable name that was assigned to the remote device:
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Loading Bluetooth Support Bluetooth yükleme desteği
The Bluetooth stack in FreeBSD is implemented using the <citerefentry><refentrytitle>netgraph</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> framework. A broad variety of Bluetooth <acronym>USB</acronym> dongles is supported by <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ng_ubt</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry>. Broadcom BCM2033 based Bluetooth devices are supported by the <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ubtbcmfw</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> and <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ng_ubt</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> drivers. The 3Com Bluetooth PC Card 3CRWB60-A is supported by the <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ng_bt3c</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> driver. Serial and UART based Bluetooth devices are supported by <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sio</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry>, <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ng_h4</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry>, and <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hcseriald</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>. FreeBSD'deki Bluetooth yığını <citerefentry><refentrytitle>netgraph</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum> </citerefentry> çerçevesi kullanılarak uygulanır. <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ng_ubt</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum> </citerefentry> tarafından çok çeşitli Bluetooth <acronym> USB </acronym> dongle'ları desteklenir. Broadcom BCM2033 tabanlı Bluetooth cihazları <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ubtbcmfw</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum> </citerefentry> ve <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ng_ubt</refentry> manvolnum> </citerefentry> sürücüleri. 3Com Bluetooth PC Kartı 3CRWB60-A <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ng_bt3c</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum> </citerefentry> sürücüsü tarafından desteklenir. Seri ve UART tabanlı Bluetooth cihazları <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sio</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum> </citerefentry>, <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ng_h4</refentry> </ 4 manvolnum> </citerefentry> ve <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hcseriald</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry>
Before attaching a device, determine which of the above drivers it uses, then load the driver. For example, if the device uses the <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ng_ubt</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> driver: Bir aygıtı bağlamadan önce, yukarıdaki sürücülerden hangisini kullandığını belirleyin, ardından sürücüyü yükleyin. Örneğin, aygıt <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ng_ubt</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum> </citerefentry> sürücüsünü kullanıyorsa:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>kldload ng_ubt</userinput> <prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>kldload ng_ubt</userinput>
If the Bluetooth device will be attached to the system during system startup, the system can be configured to load the module at boot time by adding the driver to <filename>/boot/loader.conf</filename>: Bluetooth cihazı sistem başlatılırken sisteme bağlanacaksa, sistem, sürücüyü <filename> /boot/loader.conf </filename> klasörüne ekleyerek modülü yükleme sırasında yükleyecek şekilde yapılandırılabilir:
ng_ubt_load="YES" ng_ubt_load="YES"
Once the driver is loaded, plug in the <acronym>USB</acronym> dongle. If the driver load was successful, output similar to the following should appear on the console and in <filename>/var/log/messages</filename>: Once the driver is loaded, plug in the <acronym>USB</acronym> dongle. If the driver load was successful, output similar to the following should appear on the console and in <filename>/var/log/messages</filename>:
ubt0: vendor 0x0a12 product 0x0001, rev 1.10/5.25, addr 2
ubt0: Interface 0 endpoints: interrupt=0x81, bulk-in=0x82, bulk-out=0x2
ubt0: Interface 1 (alt.config 5) endpoints: isoc-in=0x83, isoc-out=0x3,
wMaxPacketSize=49, nframes=6, buffer size=294
ubt0: vendor 0x0a12 product 0x0001, rev 1.10/5.25, addr 2
ubt0: Interface 0 endpoints: interrupt=0x81, bulk-in=0x82, bulk-out=0x2
ubt0: Interface 1 (alt.config 5) endpoints: isoc-in=0x83, isoc-out=0x3,
wMaxPacketSize=49, nframes=6, buffer size=294
To start and stop the Bluetooth stack, use its startup script. It is a good idea to stop the stack before unplugging the device. Starting the bluetooth stack might require <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hcsecd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> to be started. When starting the stack, the output should be similar to the following: Bluetooth yığınını başlatmak ve durdurmak için başlangıç komut dosyasını kullanın. Cihazı fişten çekmeden önce yığını durdurmak iyi bir fikirdir. Bluetooth yığınını başlatmak, <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hcsecd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry> 'nin başlatılmasını gerektirebilir. Yığını başlatırken, çıktı aşağıdakine benzer olmalıdır:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>service bluetooth start ubt0</userinput>
BD_ADDR: 00:02:72:00:d4:1a
Features: 0xff 0xff 0xf 00 00 00 00 00
&lt;3-Slot&gt; &lt;5-Slot&gt; &lt;Encryption&gt; &lt;Slot offset&gt;
&lt;Timing accuracy&gt; &lt;Switch&gt; &lt;Hold mode&gt; &lt;Sniff mode&gt;
&lt;Park mode&gt; &lt;RSSI&gt; &lt;Channel quality&gt; &lt;SCO link&gt;
&lt;HV2 packets&gt; &lt;HV3 packets&gt; &lt;u-law log&gt; &lt;A-law log&gt; &lt;CVSD&gt;
&lt;Paging scheme&gt; &lt;Power control&gt; &lt;Transparent SCO data&gt;
Max. ACL packet size: 192 bytes
Number of ACL packets: 8
Max. SCO packet size: 64 bytes
Number of SCO packets: 8
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>service bluetooth start ubt0</userinput>
BD_ADDR: 00:02:72:00:d4:1a
Features: 0xff 0xff 0xf 00 00 00 00 00
&lt;3-Slot&gt; &lt;5-Slot&gt; &lt;Encryption&gt; &lt;Slot offset&gt;
&lt;Timing accuracy&gt; &lt;Switch&gt; &lt;Hold mode&gt; &lt;Sniff mode&gt;
&lt;Park mode&gt; &lt;RSSI&gt; &lt;Channel quality&gt; &lt;SCO link&gt;
&lt;HV2 packets&gt; &lt;HV3 packets&gt; &lt;u-law log&gt; &lt;A-law log&gt; &lt;CVSD&gt;
&lt;Paging scheme&gt; &lt;Power control&gt; &lt;Transparent SCO data&gt;
Max. ACL packet size: 192 bytes
Number of ACL packets: 8
Max. SCO packet size: 64 bytes
Number of SCO packets: 8
Finding Other Bluetooth Devices Diğer bluetooth cihazlarını bulma
<primary>HCI</primary> <primary>HCI</primary>
The Host Controller Interface (<acronym>HCI</acronym>) provides a uniform method for accessing Bluetooth baseband capabilities. In FreeBSD, a netgraph <acronym>HCI</acronym> node is created for each Bluetooth device. For more details, refer to <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ng_hci</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry>. Ana Bilgisayar Denetleyici Arabirimi (<acronym> HCI </acronym>), Bluetooth temel bant özelliklerine erişmek için tek tip bir yöntem sağlar. FreeBSD'de, her Bluetooth cihazı için bir netgram <acronym> HCI </acronym> düğümü oluşturulur. Daha fazla ayrıntı için bkz. <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ng_hci</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum> </citerefentry>.
One of the most common tasks is discovery of Bluetooth devices within <acronym>RF</acronym> proximity. This operation is called <emphasis>inquiry</emphasis>. Inquiry and other <acronym>HCI</acronym> related operations are done using <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hccontrol</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>. The example below shows how to find out which Bluetooth devices are in range. The list of devices should be displayed in a few seconds. Note that a remote device will only answer the inquiry if it is set to <emphasis>discoverable</emphasis> mode. One of the most common tasks is discovery of Bluetooth devices within <acronym>RF</acronym> proximity. This operation is called <emphasis>inquiry</emphasis>. Inquiry and other <acronym>HCI</acronym> related operations are done using <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hccontrol</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>. The example below shows how to find out which Bluetooth devices are in range. The list of devices should be displayed in a few seconds. Note that a remote device will only answer the inquiry if it is set to <emphasis>discoverable</emphasis> mode.
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>hccontrol -n ubt0hci inquiry</userinput>
Inquiry result, num_responses=1
Inquiry result #0
BD_ADDR: 00:80:37:29:19:a4
Page Scan Rep. Mode: 0x1
Page Scan Period Mode: 00
Page Scan Mode: 00
Class: 52:02:04
Clock offset: 0x78ef
Inquiry complete. Status: No error [00]
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>hccontrol -n ubt0hci inquiry</userinput>
Inquiry result, num_responses=1
Inquiry result #0
BD_ADDR: 00:80:37:29:19:a4
Page Scan Rep. Mode: 0x1
Page Scan Period Mode: 00
Page Scan Mode: 00
Class: 52:02:04
Clock offset: 0x78ef
Inquiry complete. Status: No error [00]
The <literal>BD_ADDR</literal> is the unique address of a Bluetooth device, similar to the <acronym>MAC</acronym> address of a network card. This address is needed for further communication with a device and it is possible to assign a human readable name to a <literal>BD_ADDR</literal>. Information regarding the known Bluetooth hosts is contained in <filename>/etc/bluetooth/hosts</filename>. The following example shows how to obtain the human readable name that was assigned to the remote device: The <literal>BD_ADDR</literal> is the unique address of a Bluetooth device, similar to the <acronym>MAC</acronym> address of a network card. This address is needed for further communication with a device and it is possible to assign a human readable name to a <literal>BD_ADDR</literal>. Information regarding the known Bluetooth hosts is contained in <filename>/etc/bluetooth/hosts</filename>. The following example shows how to obtain the human readable name that was assigned to the remote device:
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>hccontrol -n ubt0hci remote_name_request 00:80:37:29:19:a4</userinput>
BD_ADDR: 00:80:37:29:19:a4
Name: Pav's T39
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>hccontrol -n ubt0hci remote_name_request 00:80:37:29:19:a4</userinput>
BD_ADDR: 00:80:37:29:19:a4
Name: Pav's T39
If an inquiry is performed on a remote Bluetooth device, it will find the computer as <quote>your.host.name (ubt0)</quote>. The name assigned to the local device can be changed at any time. Uzak bir Bluetooth cihazında sorgulama yapılırsa, bilgisayarı <quote> your.host.name (ubt0) </quote> olarak bulur. Yerel aygıta atanan ad her zaman değiştirilebilir.
Remote devices can be assigned aliases in <filename>/etc/bluetooth/hosts</filename>. More information about <filename>/etc/bluetooth/hosts</filename> file might be found in <citerefentry><refentrytitle>bluetooth.hosts</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>. Uzak cihazlara <filename> / etc / bluetooth / hosts </filename> içinde takma adlar atanabilir. <filename> / etc / bluetooth / hosts </filename> dosyası hakkında daha fazla bilgi <citerefentry><refentrytitle>bluetooth.hosts</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum> </citerefentry> 'de bulunabilir.
The Bluetooth system provides a point-to-point connection between two Bluetooth units, or a point-to-multipoint connection which is shared among several Bluetooth devices. The following example shows how to create a connection to a remote device: Bluetooth sistemi, iki Bluetooth ünitesi arasında bir noktadan noktaya bağlantı veya birkaç Bluetooth cihazı arasında paylaşılan bir noktadan çok noktaya bağlantı sağlar. Aşağıdaki örnekte, uzak bir aygıta nasıl bağlantı oluşturulacağı gösterilmektedir:
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>hccontrol -n ubt0hci create_connection <replaceable>BT_ADDR</replaceable></userinput> <prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>hccontrol -n ubt0hci create_connection <replaceable>BT_ADDR</replaceable></userinput>
<literal>create_connection</literal> accepts <literal>BT_ADDR</literal> as well as host aliases in <filename>/etc/bluetooth/hosts</filename>. <literal> create_connection </literal> <literal> BT_ADDR </literal> ve <filename> / etc / bluetooth / hosts </filename> içindeki ana bilgisayar takma adlarını kabul eder.
The following example shows how to obtain the list of active baseband connections for the local device: Aşağıdaki örnekte, yerel aygıt için etkin temel bant bağlantılarının nasıl alınacağı gösterilmektedir:
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>hccontrol -n ubt0hci read_connection_list</userinput>
Remote BD_ADDR Handle Type Mode Role Encrypt Pending Queue State
00:80:37:29:19:a4 41 ACL 0 MAST NONE 0 0 OPEN
<prompt>%</prompt> <userinput>hccontrol -n ubt0hci read_connection_list</userinput>
Remote BD_ADDR Handle Type Mode Role Encrypt Pending Queue State
00:80:37:29:19:a4 41 ACL 0 MAST NONE 0 0 OPEN
A <emphasis>connection handle</emphasis> is useful when termination of the baseband connection is required, though it is normally not required to do this by hand. The stack will automatically terminate inactive baseband connections. Bir <emphasis> bağlantı tutamacı </emphasis>, taban bandı bağlantısının sonlandırılması gerektiğinde yararlıdır, ancak normalde bunu elle yapmak gerekmez. Yığın, etkin olmayan ana bant bağlantılarını otomatik olarak sonlandıracaktır.
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>hccontrol -n ubt0hci disconnect 41</userinput>
Connection handle: 41
Reason: Connection terminated by local host [0x16]
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>hccontrol -n ubt0hci disconnect 41</userinput>
Connection handle: 41
Reason: Connection terminated by local host [0x16]
Type <command>hccontrol help</command> for a complete listing of available <acronym>HCI</acronym> commands. Most of the <acronym>HCI</acronym> commands do not require superuser privileges. Kullanılabilir <acronym> HCI </acronym> komutlarının tam listesi için <command> hccontrol help </command> yazın. <acronym> HCI </acronym> komutlarının çoğu süper kullanıcı ayrıcalıkları gerektirmez.
Device Pairing Aygıt eşleme
By default, Bluetooth communication is not authenticated, and any device can talk to any other device. A Bluetooth device, such as a cellular phone, may choose to require authentication to provide a particular service. Bluetooth authentication is normally done with a <emphasis><acronym>PIN</acronym> code</emphasis>, an ASCII string up to 16 characters in length. The user is required to enter the same <acronym>PIN</acronym> code on both devices. Once the user has entered the <acronym>PIN</acronym> code, both devices will generate a <emphasis>link key</emphasis>. After that, the link key can be stored either in the devices or in a persistent storage. Next time, both devices will use the previously generated link key. This procedure is called <emphasis>pairing</emphasis>. Note that if the link key is lost by either device, the pairing must be repeated. Varsayılan olarak, Bluetooth iletişiminin kimliği doğrulanmaz ve herhangi bir cihaz başka bir cihazla konuşabilir. Cep telefonu gibi bir Bluetooth cihazı, belirli bir hizmet sağlamak için kimlik doğrulaması gerektirebilir. Bluetooth kimlik doğrulaması normalde 16 karakter uzunluğunda bir ASCII dizesi olan bir <emphasis> <acronym> PIN </acronym> kodu </emphasis> ile yapılır. Kullanıcının her iki cihaza da aynı <acronym> PIN </acronym> kodunu girmesi gerekir. Kullanıcı <acronym> PIN </acronym> kodunu girdikten sonra, her iki cihaz da bir <emphasis> bağlantı anahtarı </emphasis> oluşturur. Bundan sonra, bağlantı anahtarı cihazlarda veya kalıcı bir depolamada saklanabilir. Bir dahaki sefere, her iki cihaz da önceden oluşturulan bağlantı anahtarını kullanır. Bu işleme <emphasis> eşleştirme </emphasis> adı verilir. Bağlantı anahtarı her iki cihaz tarafından da kaybedilirse eşleştirmenin tekrarlanması gerektiğini unutmayın.
The <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hcsecd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> daemon is responsible for handling Bluetooth authentication requests. The default configuration file is <filename>/etc/bluetooth/hcsecd.conf</filename>. An example section for a cellular phone with the <acronym>PIN</acronym> code set to <literal>1234</literal> is shown below: Bluetooth kimlik doğrulama isteklerini işlemekten <citerefentry><refentrytitle>hcsecd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry> daemon sorumludur. Varsayılan yapılandırma dosyası <filename> /etc/bluetooth/hcsecd.conf </filename> şeklindedir. <acronym> PIN </acronym> kodunu <literal> 1234 </literal> olarak ayarlanmış bir cep telefonu için örnek bir bölüm aşağıda gösterilmiştir:
device {
bdaddr 00:80:37:29:19:a4;
name "Pav's T39";
key nokey;
pin "1234";
}
device {
bdaddr 00:80:37:29:19:a4;
name "Pav's T39";
key nokey;
pin "1234";
}

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The <literal>BD_ADDR</literal> is the unique address of a Bluetooth device, similar to the <acronym>MAC</acronym> address of a network card. This address is needed for further communication with a device and it is possible to assign a human readable name to a <literal>BD_ADDR</literal>. Information regarding the known Bluetooth hosts is contained in <filename>/etc/bluetooth/hosts</filename>. The following example shows how to obtain the human readable name that was assigned to the remote device:
The <literal>BD_ADDR</literal> is the unique address of a Bluetooth device, similar to the <acronym>MAC</acronym> address of a network card. This address is needed for further communication with a device and it is possible to assign a human readable name to a <literal>BD_ADDR</literal>. Information regarding the known Bluetooth hosts is contained in <filename>/etc/bluetooth/hosts</filename>. The following example shows how to obtain the human readable name that was assigned to the remote device:
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Glossary

English Turkish (tr_TR)
broadcast address yayın adresi FreeBSD Doc
device aygıt FreeBSD Doc
device aygıt FreeBSD Doc
device node aygıt düğümü FreeBSD Doc
device node aygıt düğümü FreeBSD Doc
GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment) GNU Ağ Nesne Modeli Ortamı FreeBSD Doc
host ana bilgisayar FreeBSD Doc
host system ana bilgisayar sistemi FreeBSD Doc
internal address yerel adres FreeBSD Doc
internal network yerel ağ FreeBSD Doc
internal network iç şebeke FreeBSD Doc
Local host Yerel hizmet bilgisayarı FreeBSD Doc
loopback address geri döngü adresi FreeBSD Doc
MAC address MAC adresi FreeBSD Doc
name server ad sunucusu FreeBSD Doc
network FreeBSD Doc
network card ethernet kartı,ağ kartı FreeBSD Doc
network file system ağ dosya sistemi FreeBSD Doc
network interface ağ arayüzü FreeBSD Doc
network monitoring ağ izleme FreeBSD Doc
network printer ağ yazıcısı FreeBSD Doc
network service ağ hizmeti FreeBSD Doc
path name yol adı FreeBSD Doc
Raw device depolama aygıtına doğrudan erişilmesini sağlayan bir karakter aygıtı dosyasıyla ilişkili özel bir tür FreeBSD Doc
raw network sockets ham ağ soketleri FreeBSD Doc
remote uzaktan kontrol FreeBSD Doc
remote connection uzak bağlantı FreeBSD Doc
Virtual Private Network Sanal Özel Ağlar FreeBSD Doc

Source information

Source string comment
(itstool) path: sect2/para
Source string location
book.translate.xml:65535
String age
8 months ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/tr_TR/handbook.po, string 10873