Translation

(itstool) path: sect5/screen
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>route add default <replaceable>your_default_router</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>echo "nameserver <replaceable>your_DNS_server</replaceable>" &gt;&gt; /etc/resolv.conf</userinput>
235/2350
Context English Turkish (tr_TR) State
Always use strong passwords that are sufficiently long and made from a rich alphabet so that they will not be easily guessed or attacked. Her zaman yeterince uzun ve zengin bir alfabeden yapılmış güçlü parolalar kullanın, böylece kolayca tahmin edilemez veya saldırıya uğramazlar.
The first step is the configuration of <filename>/etc/wpa_supplicant.conf</filename> with the <acronym>SSID</acronym> and the pre-shared key of the network: İlk adım <filename> /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf </filename> öğesinin <acronym> SSID </acronym> ve ağın önceden paylaşılan anahtarıyla yapılandırılmasıdır:
network={
ssid="freebsdap"
psk="freebsdmall"
}
network={
ssid="freebsdap"
psk="freebsdmall"
}
Then, in <filename>/etc/rc.conf</filename>, indicate that the wireless device configuration will be done with <acronym>WPA</acronym> and the <acronym>IP</acronym> address will be obtained with <acronym>DHCP</acronym>: Ardından, <filename> /etc/rc.conf </filename> 'de kablosuz cihaz yapılandırmasının <acronym> WPA </acronym> ile yapılacağını ve <acronym> IP </acronym> adresinin <acronym> DHCP </ acronym>:
wlans_ath0="wlan0"
ifconfig_wlan0="WPA DHCP"
wlans_ath0="wlan0"
ifconfig_wlan0="WPA DHCP"
Then, bring up the interface: Ardından arayüzü getirin:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>service netif start</userinput>
Starting wpa_supplicant.
DHCPDISCOVER on wlan0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 5
DHCPDISCOVER on wlan0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 6
DHCPOFFER from 192.168.0.1
DHCPREQUEST on wlan0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67
DHCPACK from 192.168.0.1
bound to 192.168.0.254 -- renewal in 300 seconds.
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:d5:43:62
inet 192.168.0.254 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet OFDM/36Mbps mode 11g
status: associated
ssid freebsdap channel 1 (2412 Mhz 11g) bssid 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode WPA2/802.11i privacy ON deftxkey UNDEF
AES-CCM 3:128-bit txpower 21.5 bmiss 7 scanvalid 450 bgscan
bgscanintvl 300 bgscanidle 250 roam:rssi 7 roam:rate 5 protmode CTS
wme burst roaming MANUAL
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>service netif start</userinput>
Starting wpa_supplicant.
DHCPDISCOVER on wlan0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 5
DHCPDISCOVER on wlan0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 6
DHCPOFFER from 192.168.0.1
DHCPREQUEST on wlan0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67
DHCPACK from 192.168.0.1
bound to 192.168.0.254 -- renewal in 300 seconds.
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:d5:43:62
inet 192.168.0.254 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet OFDM/36Mbps mode 11g
status: associated
ssid freebsdap channel 1 (2412 Mhz 11g) bssid 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode WPA2/802.11i privacy ON deftxkey UNDEF
AES-CCM 3:128-bit txpower 21.5 bmiss 7 scanvalid 450 bgscan
bgscanintvl 300 bgscanidle 250 roam:rssi 7 roam:rate 5 protmode CTS
wme burst roaming MANUAL
Or, try to configure the interface manually using the information in <filename>/etc/wpa_supplicant.conf</filename>: Veya <filename> /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf </filename> içindeki bilgileri kullanarak arayüzü el ile yapılandırmayı deneyin:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>wpa_supplicant -i <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> -c /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf</userinput>
Trying to associate with 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac (SSID='freebsdap' freq=2412 MHz)
Associated with 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
WPA: Key negotiation completed with 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac [PTK=CCMP GTK=CCMP]
CTRL-EVENT-CONNECTED - Connection to 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac completed (auth) [id=0 id_str=]
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>wpa_supplicant -i <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> -c /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf</userinput>
Trying to associate with 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac (SSID='freebsdap' freq=2412 MHz)
Associated with 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
WPA: Key negotiation completed with 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac [PTK=CCMP GTK=CCMP]
CTRL-EVENT-CONNECTED - Connection to 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac completed (auth) [id=0 id_str=]
The next operation is to launch <citerefentry><refentrytitle>dhclient</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> to get the <acronym>IP</acronym> address from the <acronym>DHCP</acronym> server: Bir sonraki işlem, <acronym> DHCP </ kısaltmasından <acronym> IP </acronym> adresini almak için <citerefentry><refentrytitle>dhclient</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry> 'i başlatmaktır. > sunucu:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>dhclient <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
DHCPREQUEST on wlan0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67
DHCPACK from 192.168.0.1
bound to 192.168.0.254 -- renewal in 300 seconds.
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:d5:43:62
inet 192.168.0.254 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet OFDM/36Mbps mode 11g
status: associated
ssid freebsdap channel 1 (2412 Mhz 11g) bssid 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode WPA2/802.11i privacy ON deftxkey UNDEF
AES-CCM 3:128-bit txpower 21.5 bmiss 7 scanvalid 450 bgscan
bgscanintvl 300 bgscanidle 250 roam:rssi 7 roam:rate 5 protmode CTS
wme burst roaming MANUAL
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>dhclient <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
DHCPREQUEST on wlan0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67
DHCPACK from 192.168.0.1
bound to 192.168.0.254 -- renewal in 300 seconds.
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:d5:43:62
inet 192.168.0.254 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet OFDM/36Mbps mode 11g
status: associated
ssid freebsdap channel 1 (2412 Mhz 11g) bssid 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode WPA2/802.11i privacy ON deftxkey UNDEF
AES-CCM 3:128-bit txpower 21.5 bmiss 7 scanvalid 450 bgscan
bgscanintvl 300 bgscanidle 250 roam:rssi 7 roam:rate 5 protmode CTS
wme burst roaming MANUAL
If <filename>/etc/rc.conf</filename> has an <literal>ifconfig_wlan0="DHCP"</literal> entry, <citerefentry><refentrytitle>dhclient</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> will be launched automatically after <citerefentry><refentrytitle>wpa_supplicant</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> associates with the access point. <filename> /etc/rc.conf </filename> bir <literal> ifconfig_wlan0 = "DHCP" </literal> girişine sahipse, <citerefentry><refentrytitle>dhclient</refentrytitle> <manvolnum> 8 </manvolnum> < / citerefentry>, <citerefentry><refentrytitle>wpa_supplicant</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry> erişim noktasıyla ilişkilendirildikten sonra otomatik olarak başlatılacaktır.
If <acronym>DHCP</acronym> is not possible or desired, set a static <acronym>IP</acronym> address after <citerefentry><refentrytitle>wpa_supplicant</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> has authenticated the station: <acronym> DHCP </acronym> mümkün değilse veya istenmiyorsa, <citerefentry><refentrytitle>wpa_supplicant</refentrytitle> <manvolnum> 8 </manvolnum> </ citerefentry'den sonra statik bir <acronym> IP </acronym> adresi ayarlayın > istasyonun kimliğini doğruladı:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> inet <replaceable>192.168.0.100</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:d5:43:62
inet 192.168.0.100 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet OFDM/36Mbps mode 11g
status: associated
ssid freebsdap channel 1 (2412 Mhz 11g) bssid 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode WPA2/802.11i privacy ON deftxkey UNDEF
AES-CCM 3:128-bit txpower 21.5 bmiss 7 scanvalid 450 bgscan
bgscanintvl 300 bgscanidle 250 roam:rssi 7 roam:rate 5 protmode CTS
wme burst roaming MANUAL
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> inet <replaceable>192.168.0.100</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:d5:43:62
inet 192.168.0.100 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet OFDM/36Mbps mode 11g
status: associated
ssid freebsdap channel 1 (2412 Mhz 11g) bssid 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode WPA2/802.11i privacy ON deftxkey UNDEF
AES-CCM 3:128-bit txpower 21.5 bmiss 7 scanvalid 450 bgscan
bgscanintvl 300 bgscanidle 250 roam:rssi 7 roam:rate 5 protmode CTS
wme burst roaming MANUAL
When <acronym>DHCP</acronym> is not used, the default gateway and the nameserver also have to be manually set: <acronym> DHCP </acronym> kullanılmadığında, varsayılan ağ geçidi ve ad sunucusu da manuel olarak ayarlanmalıdır:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>route add default <replaceable>your_default_router</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>echo "nameserver <replaceable>your_DNS_server</replaceable>" &gt;&gt; /etc/resolv.conf</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>route add default <replaceable>your_default_router</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>echo "nameserver <replaceable>your_DNS_server</replaceable>" &gt;&gt; /etc/resolv.conf</userinput>
<acronym>WPA</acronym> with <acronym>EAP-TLS</acronym> <acronym>WPA</acronym> ile <acronym>EAP-TLS</acronym>
The second way to use <acronym>WPA</acronym> is with an 802.1X backend authentication server. In this case, <acronym>WPA</acronym> is called <acronym>WPA</acronym> Enterprise to differentiate it from the less secure <acronym>WPA</acronym> Personal. Authentication in <acronym>WPA</acronym> Enterprise is based on the Extensible Authentication Protocol (<acronym>EAP</acronym>). <acronym> WPA </acronym> 'ı kullanmanın ikinci yolu 802.1X arka uç kimlik doğrulama sunucusudur. Bu durumda, onu daha az güvenli olan <acronym> WPA </acronym> Personal'dan ayırmak için <acronym> WPA </acronym> <acronym> WPA </acronym> girişim olarak adlandırılır. <acronym> WPA </acronym> girişim içindeki kimlik doğrulama, Genişletilebilir Kimlik Doğrulama Protokolü'ne (<acronym> EAP </acronym>) dayanır
<acronym>EAP</acronym> does not come with an encryption method. Instead, <acronym>EAP</acronym> is embedded inside an encrypted tunnel. There are many <acronym>EAP</acronym> authentication methods, but <acronym>EAP-TLS</acronym>, <acronym>EAP-TTLS</acronym>, and <acronym>EAP-PEAP</acronym> are the most common. <acronym> EAP </acronym> bir şifreleme yöntemiyle gelmez. Bunun yerine, <acronym> EAP </acronym> şifreli bir tünelin içine yerleştirilir. Birçok <acronym> EAP </acronym> kimlik doğrulama yöntemi vardır, ancak <acronym> EAP-TLS </acronym>, <acronym> EAP-TTLS </acronym> ve <acronym> EAP-PEAP </acronym> en yaygın.
EAP with Transport Layer Security (<acronym>EAP-TLS</acronym>) is a well-supported wireless authentication protocol since it was the first <acronym>EAP</acronym> method to be certified by the <link xlink:href="http://www.wi-fi.org/">Wi-Fi Alliance</link>. <acronym>EAP-TLS</acronym> requires three certificates to run: the certificate of the Certificate Authority (<acronym>CA</acronym>) installed on all machines, the server certificate for the authentication server, and one client certificate for each wireless client. In this <acronym>EAP</acronym> method, both the authentication server and wireless client authenticate each other by presenting their respective certificates, and then verify that these certificates were signed by the organization's <acronym>CA</acronym>. Aktarım Katmanı Güvenliği ile EAP (<acronym> EAP-TLS </acronym>), <link xlink: href = tarafından onaylanan ilk <acronym> EAP </acronym> yöntemi olduğundan iyi desteklenen bir kablosuz kimlik doğrulama protokolüdür. "http://www.wi-fi.org/">WiFi İttifakı </link>. <acronym> EAP-TLS </acronym> çalıştırmak için üç sertifika gerektirir: tüm makinelerde yüklü Sertifika Yetkilisi (<acronym> CA </acronym>), kimlik doğrulama sunucusu için sunucu sertifikası ve her kablosuz istemci. Bu <acronym> EAP </acronym> yönteminde, hem kimlik doğrulama sunucusu hem de kablosuz istemci, ilgili sertifikalarını sunarak birbirlerinin kimliğini doğrular ve ardından bu sertifikaların kuruluşun <acronym> CA </acronym> tarafından imzalandığını doğrular.
As previously, the configuration is done via <filename>/etc/wpa_supplicant.conf</filename>: Daha önce olduğu gibi, yapılandırma <filename> /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf </filename> ile yapılır:
network={
ssid="freebsdap" <co xml:id="co-tls-ssid"/>
proto=RSN <co xml:id="co-tls-proto"/>
key_mgmt=WPA-EAP <co xml:id="co-tls-kmgmt"/>
eap=TLS <co xml:id="co-tls-eap"/>
identity="loader" <co xml:id="co-tls-id"/>
ca_cert="/etc/certs/cacert.pem" <co xml:id="co-tls-cacert"/>
client_cert="/etc/certs/clientcert.pem" <co xml:id="co-tls-clientcert"/>
private_key="/etc/certs/clientkey.pem" <co xml:id="co-tls-pkey"/>
private_key_passwd="freebsdmallclient" <co xml:id="co-tls-pwd"/>
}
network={
ssid="freebsdap" <co xml:id="co-tls-ssid"/>
proto=RSN <co xml:id="co-tls-proto"/>
key_mgmt=WPA-EAP <co xml:id="co-tls-kmgmt"/>
eap=TLS <co xml:id="co-tls-eap"/>
identity="loader" <co xml:id="co-tls-id"/>
ca_cert="/etc/certs/cacert.pem" <co xml:id="co-tls-cacert"/>
client_cert="/etc/certs/clientcert.pem" <co xml:id="co-tls-clientcert"/>
private_key="/etc/certs/clientkey.pem" <co xml:id="co-tls-pkey"/>
private_key_passwd="freebsdmallclient" <co xml:id="co-tls-pwd"/>
}
This field indicates the network name (<acronym>SSID</acronym>). Bu alan ağ adını gösterir (<acronym> SSID </acronym>).
This example uses the <acronym>RSN</acronym> <trademark class="registered">IEEE</trademark> 802.11i protocol, also known as <acronym>WPA2</acronym>. Bu örnekte, <acronym> WPA2 </acronym> olarak da bilinen <acronym> RSN </acronym> <trademark class = "kayıtlı"> IEEE </trademark> 802.11i protokolü kullanılmaktadır.
The <literal>key_mgmt</literal> line refers to the key management protocol to use. In this example, it is <acronym>WPA</acronym> using <acronym>EAP</acronym> authentication. <literal> key_mgmt </literal> satırı, kullanılacak anahtar yönetimi protokolünü ifade eder. Bu örnekte, <acronym> EAP </acronym> kimlik doğrulaması kullanılarak <acronym> WPA </acronym> kullanılır.
This field indicates the <acronym>EAP</acronym> method for the connection. Bu alan bağlantı için <acronym> EAP </acronym> yöntemini gösterir.
The <literal>identity</literal> field contains the identity string for <acronym>EAP</acronym>. <literal> kimlik </literal> alanı, <acronym> EAP </acronym> için kimlik dizesini içerir.
The <literal>ca_cert</literal> field indicates the pathname of the <acronym>CA</acronym> certificate file. This file is needed to verify the server certificate. <literal> ca_cert </literal> alanı, <acronym> CA </acronym> sertifika dosyasının yol adını belirtir. Bu dosya, sunucu sertifikasını doğrulamak için gereklidir.
The <literal>client_cert</literal> line gives the pathname to the client certificate file. This certificate is unique to each wireless client of the network. The <literal>client_cert</literal> line gives the pathname to the client certificate file. This certificate is unique to each wireless client of the network.
The <literal>private_key</literal> field is the pathname to the client certificate private key file. The <literal>private_key</literal> field is the pathname to the client certificate private key file.
The <literal>private_key_passwd</literal> field contains the passphrase for the private key. <literal> private_key_passwd </literal> alanı, özel anahtarın parolasını içerir.

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<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>route add default <replaceable>your_default_router</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>echo "nameserver <replaceable>your_DNS_server</replaceable>" &gt;&gt; /etc/resolv.conf</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>route add default <replaceable>your_default_router</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>echo "nameserver <replaceable>your_DNS_server</replaceable>" &gt;&gt; /etc/resolv.conf</userinput>
4 months ago
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Glossary

English Turkish (tr_TR)
by default, default varsayılan FreeBSD Doc
default installation varsayılan kurulum FreeBSD Doc
Default router olağan/varsayılan yönlendirici FreeBSD Doc

Source information

Source string comment
(itstool) path: sect5/screen
Flags
no-wrap
Source string location
book.translate.xml:63478
String age
6 months ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/tr_TR/handbook.po, string 10397