Translation

(itstool) path: sect2/title
Ad-hoc Mode
10/110
Context English Turkish (tr_TR) State
network={
ssid="freebsdap"
proto=RSN
key_mgmt=WPA-EAP
eap=PEAP <co xml:id="co-peap-eap"/>
identity="test" <co xml:id="co-peap-id"/>
password="test" <co xml:id="co-peap-passwd"/>
ca_cert="/etc/certs/cacert.pem" <co xml:id="co-peap-cacert"/>
phase1="peaplabel=0" <co xml:id="co-peap-pha1"/>
phase2="auth=MSCHAPV2" <co xml:id="co-peap-pha2"/>
}
network={
ssid="freebsdap"
proto=RSN
key_mgmt=WPA-EAP
eap=PEAP <co xml:id="co-peap-eap"/>
identity="test" <co xml:id="co-peap-id"/>
password="test" <co xml:id="co-peap-passwd"/>
ca_cert="/etc/certs/cacert.pem" <co xml:id="co-peap-cacert"/>
phase1="peaplabel=0" <co xml:id="co-peap-pha1"/>
phase2="auth=MSCHAPV2" <co xml:id="co-peap-pha2"/>
}
This field contains the parameters for the first phase of authentication, the <acronym>TLS</acronym> tunnel. According to the authentication server used, specify a specific label for authentication. Most of the time, the label will be <quote>client <acronym>EAP</acronym> encryption</quote> which is set by using <literal>peaplabel=0</literal>. More information can be found in <citerefentry><refentrytitle>wpa_supplicant.conf</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum></citerefentry>. Bu alan, kimlik doğrulamanın ilk aşaması olan <acronym> TLS </acronym> tüneli için parametreleri içerir. Kullanılan kimlik doğrulama sunucusuna göre, kimlik doğrulama için belirli bir etiket belirtin. Çoğu zaman etiket, <literal> peaplabel = 0 </literal> kullanılarak ayarlanan <quote> istemci <acronym> EAP </acronym> şifreleme </quote> olur. Daha fazla bilgi <citerefentry><refentrytitle>wpa_supplicant.conf</refentrytitle><manvolnum>5</manvolnum> </citerefentry> 'de bulunabilir.
This field specifies the authentication protocol used in the encrypted <acronym>TLS</acronym> tunnel. In the case of <acronym>PEAP</acronym>, it is <literal>auth=MSCHAPV2</literal>. Bu alan şifreli <acronym> TLS </acronym> tünelinde kullanılan kimlik doğrulama protokolünü belirtir. <acronym> PEAP </acronym> durumunda, <literal> auth = MSCHAPV2 </literal> şeklindedir.
<acronym>WEP</acronym> <acronym>WEP</acronym>
Wired Equivalent Privacy (<acronym>WEP</acronym>) is part of the original 802.11 standard. There is no authentication mechanism, only a weak form of access control which is easily cracked. Kabloluya Eşdeğer Gizlilik (<acronym> WEP </acronym>), orijinal 802.11 standardının bir parçasıdır. Kimlik doğrulama mekanizması yoktur, sadece kolayca kırılan zayıf bir erişim kontrolü biçimi vardır.
<acronym>WEP</acronym> can be set up using <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ifconfig</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>: <acronym> WEP </acronym> <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ifconfig</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry> kullanılarak kurulabilir:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> inet <replaceable>192.168.1.100</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> \
ssid <replaceable>my_net</replaceable> wepmode on weptxkey <replaceable>3</replaceable> wepkey <replaceable>3:0x3456789012</replaceable></userinput>
prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> inet <replaceable>192.168.1.100</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> \
ssid <replaceable>my_net</replaceable> wepmode on weptxkey <replaceable>3</replaceable> wepkey <replaceable>3:0x3456789012</replaceable></userinput>
The <literal>weptxkey</literal> specifies which <acronym>WEP</acronym> key will be used in the transmission. This example uses the third key. This must match the setting on the access point. When unsure which key is used by the access point, try <literal>1</literal> (the first key) for this value. <literal> weptxkey </literal>, iletimde hangi <acronym> WEP </acronym> anahtarının kullanılacağını belirtir. Bu örnek üçüncü anahtarı kullanır. Bu, erişim noktasındaki ayarla eşleşmelidir. Erişim noktası tarafından hangi anahtarın kullanıldığından emin değilseniz, bu değer için <literal> 1 </literal> (ilk anahtar) öğesini deneyin.
The <literal>wepkey</literal> selects one of the <acronym>WEP</acronym> keys. It should be in the format <replaceable>index:key</replaceable>. Key <literal>1</literal> is used by default; the index only needs to be set when using a key other than the first key. <literal> wepkey </literal>, <acronym> WEP </acronym> tuşlarından birini seçer. <replaceable> index: key </replaceable> biçiminde olmalıdır. <literal> 1 </literal> tuşu varsayılan olarak kullanılır; dizinin yalnızca ilk anahtardan başka bir anahtar kullanılırken ayarlanması gerekir.
Replace the <literal>0x3456789012</literal> with the key configured for use on the access point. <literal> 0x3456789012 </literal> öğesini erişim noktasında kullanılmak üzere yapılandırılmış anahtarla değiştirin.
Refer to <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ifconfig</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> for further information. Daha fazla bilgi için <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ifconfig</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry> bölümüne bakın.
The <citerefentry><refentrytitle>wpa_supplicant</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> facility can be used to configure a wireless interface with <acronym>WEP</acronym>. The example above can be set up by adding the following lines to <filename>/etc/wpa_supplicant.conf</filename>: <citerefentry><refentrytitle>wpa_supplicant</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry> özelliği, <acronym> WEP </acronym> ile kablosuz bir arayüz yapılandırmak için kullanılabilir. Yukarıdaki örnek, <filename> /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf </filename> klasörüne aşağıdaki satırlar eklenerek ayarlanabilir:
network={
ssid="my_net"
key_mgmt=NONE
wep_key3=3456789012
wep_tx_keyidx=3
}
network={
ssid="my_net"
key_mgmt=NONE
wep_key3=3456789012
wep_tx_keyidx=3
}
Then: Daha sonra:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>wpa_supplicant -i <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> -c /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf</userinput>
Trying to associate with 00:13:46:49:41:76 (SSID='dlinkap' freq=2437 MHz)
Associated with 00:13:46:49:41:76
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>wpa_supplicant -i <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> -c /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf</userinput>
Trying to associate with 00:13:46:49:41:76 (SSID='dlinkap' freq=2437 MHz)
İlişkilidir 00:13:46:49:41:76
Ad-hoc Mode Geçici mod
<acronym>IBSS</acronym> mode, also called ad-hoc mode, is designed for point to point connections. For example, to establish an ad-hoc network between the machines <systemitem>A</systemitem> and <systemitem>B</systemitem>, choose two <acronym>IP</acronym> addresses and a <acronym>SSID</acronym>. Geçici mod olarak da adlandırılan <acronym> IBSS </acronym> modu, noktadan noktaya bağlantılar için tasarlanmıştır. Örneğin, <systemitem> A </systemitem> ve <systemitem> B </systemitem> makineleri arasında geçici bir ağ oluşturmak için iki <acronym> IP </acronym> adresi ve bir <acronym> SSID </ kısaltması>.
On <systemitem>A</systemitem>: Eşittir <systemitem>A</systemitem>:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable> wlanmode adhoc</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> inet <replaceable>192.168.0.1</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> ssid <replaceable>freebsdap</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; metric 0 mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
inet 192.168.0.1 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet autoselect mode 11g &lt;adhoc&gt;
status: running
ssid freebsdap channel 2 (2417 Mhz 11g) bssid 02:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode OPEN privacy OFF txpower 21.5 scanvalid 60
protmode CTS wme burst
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable> wlanmode adhoc</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> inet <replaceable>192.168.0.1</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> ssid <replaceable>freebsdap</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; metric 0 mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
inet 192.168.0.1 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet autoselect mode 11g &lt;adhoc&gt;
status: running
ssid freebsdap channel 2 (2417 Mhz 11g) bssid 02:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode OPEN privacy OFF txpower 21.5 scanvalid 60
protmode CTS wme burst
The <literal>adhoc</literal> parameter indicates that the interface is running in <acronym>IBSS</acronym> mode. <literal> geçici </literal> parametresi, arabirimin <acronym> IBSS </acronym> modunda çalıştığını gösterir.
<systemitem>B</systemitem> should now be able to detect <systemitem>A</systemitem>: <systemitem> B </systemitem> artık <systemitem> A </systemitem> 'i algılayabilmelidir:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable> wlanmode adhoc</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> up scan</userinput>
SSID/MESH ID BSSID CHAN RATE S:N INT CAPS
freebsdap 02:11:95:c3:0d:ac 2 54M -64:-96 100 IS WME
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable> wlanmode adhoc</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> up scan</userinput>
SSID/MESH ID BSSID CHAN RATE S:N INT CAPS
freebsdap 02:11:95:c3:0d:ac 2 54M -64:-96 100 IS WME
The <literal>I</literal> in the output confirms that <systemitem>A</systemitem> is in ad-hoc mode. Now, configure <systemitem>B</systemitem> with a different <acronym>IP</acronym> address: Çıktıdaki <literal> I </literal>, <sistemitem> A </systemitem> 'nin geçici modda olduğunu doğrular. Şimdi <systemitem> B </systemitem> öğesini farklı bir <acronym> IP </acronym> adresiyle yapılandırın:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> inet <replaceable>192.168.0.2</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> ssid <replaceable>freebsdap</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; metric 0 mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:d5:43:62
inet 192.168.0.2 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet autoselect mode 11g &lt;adhoc&gt;
status: running
ssid freebsdap channel 2 (2417 Mhz 11g) bssid 02:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode OPEN privacy OFF txpower 21.5 scanvalid 60
protmode CTS wme burst
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> inet <replaceable>192.168.0.2</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> ssid <replaceable>freebsdap</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; metric 0 mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:d5:43:62
inet 192.168.0.2 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet autoselect mode 11g &lt;adhoc&gt;
status: running
ssid freebsdap channel 2 (2417 Mhz 11g) bssid 02:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode OPEN privacy OFF txpower 21.5 scanvalid 60
protmode CTS wme burst
Both <systemitem>A</systemitem> and <systemitem>B</systemitem> are now ready to exchange information. Hem <systemitem> A </systemitem> hem de <systemitem> B </systemitem> artık bilgi alışverişine hazırdır.
FreeBSD Host Access Points FreeBSD Ana Bilgisayar Erişim Noktaları
FreeBSD can act as an Access Point (<acronym>AP</acronym>) which eliminates the need to buy a hardware <acronym>AP</acronym> or run an ad-hoc network. This can be particularly useful when a FreeBSD machine is acting as a gateway to another network such as the Internet. FreeBSD, bir donanım <acronym> AP </acronym> satın alma veya geçici bir ağ çalıştırma ihtiyacını ortadan kaldıran bir Erişim Noktası (<acronym> AP </acronym>) görevi görebilir. Bu, FreeBSD makinesi İnternet gibi başka bir ağa ağ geçidi görevi gördüğünde özellikle yararlı olabilir.
Before configuring a FreeBSD machine as an <acronym>AP</acronym>, the kernel must be configured with the appropriate networking support for the wireless card as well as the security protocols being used. For more details, see <xref linkend="network-wireless-basic"/>. FreeBSD makinesini bir <acronym> AP </acronym> olarak yapılandırmadan önce, çekirdek, kullanılan güvenlik protokollerinin yanı sıra kablosuz kart için uygun ağ desteği ile yapılandırılmalıdır. Daha fazla ayrıntı için bkz. <Xref linkend = "ağ-kablosuz-temel" />.
The <acronym>NDIS</acronym> driver wrapper for <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> drivers does not currently support <acronym>AP</acronym> operation. Only native FreeBSD wireless drivers support <acronym>AP</acronym> mode. <Trademark class = "registered"> Windows </trademark> sürücüleri için <acronym> NDIS </acronym> sürücü sarmalayıcısı şu anda <acronym> AP </acronym> işlemini desteklemiyor. Yalnızca yerel FreeBSD kablosuz sürücüleri <acronym> AP </acronym> modunu destekler.
Once wireless networking support is loaded, check if the wireless device supports the host-based access point mode, also known as hostap mode: Kablosuz ağ desteği yüklendikten sonra, kablosuz cihazın hostap modu olarak da bilinen ana bilgisayar tabanlı erişim noktası modunu destekleyip desteklemediğini kontrol edin:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> list caps</userinput>
drivercaps=6f85edc1&lt;STA,FF,TURBOP,IBSS,HOSTAP,AHDEMO,TXPMGT,SHSLOT,SHPREAMBLE,MONITOR,MBSS,WPA1,WPA2,BURST,WME,WDS,BGSCAN,TXFRAG&gt;
cryptocaps=1f&lt;WEP,TKIP,AES,AES_CCM,TKIPMIC&gt;
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> list caps</userinput>
drivercaps=6f85edc1&lt;STA,FF,TURBOP,IBSS,HOSTAP,AHDEMO,TXPMGT,SHSLOT,SHPREAMBLE,MONITOR,MBSS,WPA1,WPA2,BURST,WME,WDS,BGSCAN,TXFRAG&gt;
cryptocaps=1f&lt;WEP,TKIP,AES,AES_CCM,TKIPMIC&gt;

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Ad-hoc Mode
Geçici mod
4 months ago
Browse all component changes

Glossary

English Turkish (tr_TR)
dedicated mode özel mod FreeBSD Doc

Source information

Source string comment
(itstool) path: sect2/title
Source string location
book.translate.xml:63906
String age
6 months ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/tr_TR/handbook.po, string 10447