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(itstool) path: sect2/programlisting
hostname="<replaceable>hostc.example.org</replaceable>"
ifconfig_<replaceable>fxp0</replaceable>="inet <replaceable>192.168.1.5</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable>"
cloned_interfaces="carp0 carp1"
ifconfig_carp0="vhid <replaceable>1</replaceable> advskew <replaceable>100</replaceable> pass <replaceable>testpass</replaceable> <replaceable>192.168.1.50/24</replaceable>"
ifconfig_carp1="vhid <replaceable>2</replaceable> advskew <replaceable>100</replaceable> pass <replaceable>testpass</replaceable> <replaceable>192.168.1.51/24</replaceable>"
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Context English Turkish (tr_TR) State
If the original master server becomes available again, <systemitem>hostc.example.org</systemitem> will not release the virtual <acronym>IP</acronym> address back to it automatically. For this to happen, preemption has to be enabled. The feature is disabled by default, it is controlled via the <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sysctl</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> variable <varname>net.inet.carp.preempt</varname>. The administrator can force the backup server to return the <acronym>IP</acronym> address to the master: Orijinal ana sunucu yeniden kullanılabilir duruma gelirse, <systemitem> hostc.example.org </systemitem> sanal <acronym> IP </acronym> adresini otomatik olarak geri bırakmaz. Bunun olabilmesi için önleme etkinleştirilmelidir. Bu özellik varsayılan olarak devre dışıdır, <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sysctl</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry> değişkeni <varname> net.inet.carp.preempt </varname> . Yönetici, yedekleme sunucusunu <acronym> IP </acronym> adresini master'a geri göndermeye zorlayabilir:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig em0 vhid 1 state backup</userinput> <prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig em0 vhid 1 state backup</userinput>
Once the configuration is complete, either restart networking or reboot each system. High availability is now enabled. Yapılandırma tamamlandıktan sonra, ağı yeniden başlatın veya her sistemi yeniden başlatın. Yüksek kullanılabilirlik artık etkinleştirildi.
<acronym>CARP</acronym> functionality can be controlled via several <citerefentry><refentrytitle>sysctl</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> variables documented in the <citerefentry><refentrytitle>carp</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> manual pages. Other actions can be triggered from <acronym>CARP</acronym> events by using <citerefentry><refentrytitle>devd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry>. <acronym> CARP </acronym> işlevselliği, <citerefentry> <refentrytitle> sazan balığı / <citerefentry> carp < refentrytitle> <manvolnum> 4 </manvolnum> </citerefentry> manuel sayfalar. <citerefentry><refentrytitle>devd</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry> kullanılarak diğer eylemler <acronym> CARP </acronym> olaylarından tetiklenebilir.
Using <acronym>CARP</acronym> on FreeBSD 9 and Earlier FreeBSD 9 ve Önceki Sürümlerinde <acronym> CARP </acronym> kullanma
The configuration for these versions of FreeBSD is similar to the one described in the previous section, except that a <acronym>CARP</acronym> device must first be created and referred to in the configuration. FreeBSD'nin bu versiyonları için konfigürasyon, bir önceki kısımda tarif edilene benzerdir, ancak konfigürasyonda bir <acronym> CARP </acronym> cihazı oluşturulmalı ve bunlara atıfta bulunulmalıdır.
Enable boot-time support for <acronym>CARP</acronym> by loading the <filename>if_carp.ko</filename> kernel module in <filename>/boot/loader.conf</filename>: <filename> /boot/loader.conf </filename> içine <filename> if_carp.ko </filename> çekirdek modülünü yükleyerek <acronym> CARP </acronym> için önyükleme zamanı desteğini etkinleştirin:
if_carp_load="YES" if_carp_load="YES"
Next, on each host, create a <acronym>CARP</acronym> device: Ardından, her ana bilgisayarda bir <acronym> CARP </acronym> cihazı oluşturun:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig carp0 create</userinput> <prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig carp0 create</userinput>
Set the hostname, management <acronym>IP</acronym> address, the shared <acronym>IP</acronym> address, and <acronym>VHID</acronym> by adding the required lines to <filename>/etc/rc.conf</filename>. Since a virtual <acronym>CARP</acronym> device is used instead of an alias, the actual subnet mask of <literal>/24</literal> is used instead of <literal>/32</literal>. Here are the entries for <systemitem>hosta.example.org</systemitem>: <filename> / etc / rc dizinine gerekli satırları ekleyerek ana makine adını, <acronym> IP </acronym> adresini, paylaşılan <acronym> IP </acronym> adresini ve <acronym> VHID </acronym> ayarlarını yapın. conf </ filename>. Takma ad yerine sanal bir <acronym> CARP </acronym> cihazı kullanıldığından, <literal> / 32 </literal> yerine <literal> / 24 </literal> gerçek alt ağ maskesi kullanılır. <systemitem> hosta.example.org </systemitem> girdileri:
hostname="<replaceable>hosta.example.org</replaceable>"
ifconfig_<replaceable>fxp0</replaceable>="inet <replaceable>192.168.1.3</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable>"
cloned_interfaces="carp0"
ifconfig_carp0="vhid <replaceable>1</replaceable> pass <replaceable>testpass</replaceable> <replaceable>192.168.1.50/24</replaceable>"
hostname="<replaceable>hosta.example.org</replaceable>"
ifconfig_<replaceable>fxp0</replaceable>="inet <replaceable>192.168.1.3</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable>"
cloned_interfaces="carp0"
ifconfig_carp0="vhid <replaceable>1</replaceable> pass <replaceable>testpass</replaceable> <replaceable>192.168.1.50/24</replaceable>"
On <systemitem>hostb.example.org</systemitem>: <systemitem> hostb.example.org </systemitem> 'de:
hostname="<replaceable>hostb.example.org</replaceable>"
ifconfig_<replaceable>fxp0</replaceable>="inet <replaceable>192.168.1.4</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable>"
cloned_interfaces="carp0"
ifconfig_carp0="vhid <replaceable>2</replaceable> pass <replaceable>testpass</replaceable> <replaceable>192.168.1.51/24</replaceable>"
hostname="<replaceable>hostb.example.org</replaceable>"
ifconfig_<replaceable>fxp0</replaceable>="inet <replaceable>192.168.1.4</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable>"
cloned_interfaces="carp0"
ifconfig_carp0="vhid <replaceable>2</replaceable> pass <replaceable>testpass</replaceable> <replaceable>192.168.1.51/24</replaceable>"
The third machine, <systemitem>hostc.example.org</systemitem>, is configured to handle failover from either of the master hosts: Üçüncü makine, <systemitem> hostc.example.org </systemitem>, ana bilgisayarlardan herhangi birinden yük devretmeyi işleyecek şekilde yapılandırılmıştır:
hostname="<replaceable>hostc.example.org</replaceable>"
ifconfig_<replaceable>fxp0</replaceable>="inet <replaceable>192.168.1.5</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable>"
cloned_interfaces="carp0 carp1"
ifconfig_carp0="vhid <replaceable>1</replaceable> advskew <replaceable>100</replaceable> pass <replaceable>testpass</replaceable> <replaceable>192.168.1.50/24</replaceable>"
ifconfig_carp1="vhid <replaceable>2</replaceable> advskew <replaceable>100</replaceable> pass <replaceable>testpass</replaceable> <replaceable>192.168.1.51/24</replaceable>"
hostname="<replaceable>hostc.example.org</replaceable>"
ifconfig_<replaceable>fxp0</replaceable>="inet <replaceable>192.168.1.5</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable>"
cloned_interfaces="carp0 carp1"
ifconfig_carp0="vhid <replaceable>1</replaceable> advskew <replaceable>100</replaceable> pass <replaceable>testpass</replaceable> <replaceable>192.168.1.50/24</replaceable>"
ifconfig_carp1="vhid <replaceable>2</replaceable> advskew <replaceable>100</replaceable> pass <replaceable>testpass</replaceable> <replaceable>192.168.1.51/24</replaceable>"
Preemption is disabled in the <filename>GENERIC</filename> FreeBSD kernel. If preemption has been enabled with a custom kernel, <systemitem>hostc.example.org</systemitem> may not release the <acronym>IP</acronym> address back to the original content server. The administrator can force the backup server to return the <acronym>IP</acronym> address to the master with the command: <filename> GENERIC </filename> FreeBSD çekirdeğinde önleme devre dışı bırakıldı. Önleme özel bir çekirdekle etkinleştirildiyse, <systemitem> hostc.example.org </systemitem>, <acronym> IP </acronym> adresini orijinal içerik sunucusuna bırakmayabilir. Yönetici, yedekleme sunucusunu <acronym> IP </acronym> adresini master ile şu komutla döndürmeye zorlayabilir:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig carp0 down &amp;&amp; ifconfig carp0 up</userinput> <prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig carp0 down &amp;&amp; ifconfig carp0 up</userinput>
This should be done on the <filename>carp</filename> interface which corresponds to the correct host. Bu, doğru ana bilgisayara karşılık gelen <filename> carp </filename> arabiriminde yapılmalıdır.
VLANs VLANs
<primary><acronym>VLANs</acronym></primary> <primary><acronym>VLANs</acronym></primary>
<primary>Virtual LANs</primary> <primary>Virtual LANs</primary>
<acronym>VLANs</acronym> are a way of virtually dividing up a network into many different subnetworks, also referred to as segmenting. Each segment will have its own broadcast domain and be isolated from other <acronym>VLANs</acronym>. <acronym> VLAN'lar </acronym>, bir ağı, bölümleme olarak da adlandırılan birçok farklı alt ağa sanal olarak bölmenin bir yoludur. Her bölümün kendi yayın alanı olacaktır ve diğer <acronym> VLAN'lardan </acronym> izole edilecektir.
On FreeBSD, <acronym>VLANs</acronym> must be supported by the network card driver. To see which drivers support vlans, refer to the <citerefentry><refentrytitle>vlan</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum></citerefentry> manual page. FreeBSD'de, <acronym> VLAN'lar </acronym> ağ kartı sürücüsü tarafından desteklenmelidir. Hangi sürücülerin vlansları desteklediğini görmek için <citerefentry><refentrytitle>vlan</refentrytitle><manvolnum>4</manvolnum> </citerefentry> kılavuz sayfasına bakın.
When configuring a <acronym>VLAN</acronym>, a couple pieces of information must be known. First, which network interface? Second, what is the <acronym>VLAN</acronym> tag? Bir <acronym> VLAN </acronym> yapılandırılırken, birkaç bilgi bilinmelidir. İlk olarak, hangi ağ arayüzü? İkincisi, <acronym> VLAN </acronym> etiketi nedir?
To configure <acronym>VLANs</acronym> at run time, with a <acronym>NIC</acronym> of <literal>em0</literal> and a <acronym>VLAN</acronym> tag of <systemitem>5</systemitem> the command would look like this: <acronym> VLANs </acronym> 'ı çalışma zamanında yapılandırmak için, <acronym> litre> <acronym> NIC </acronym> ve <systemitem> 5 <acronym> VLAN </acronym> etiketi ile < / systemitem> komut şöyle görünecektir:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>em0.5</replaceable> create vlan <replaceable>5</replaceable> vlandev <replaceable>em0</replaceable> inet 192.168.20.20/24</userinput> <prompt> # </prompt> <userinput> ifconfig <replaceable> em0.5 </replaceable> vlan yaratma <replaceable> 5 </replaceable> vlandev <replaceable> em0 </replaceable> inet 192.168.20.20/24</userinput >
See how the interface name includes the <acronym>NIC</acronym> driver name and the <acronym>VLAN</acronym> tag, separated by a period? This is a best practice to make maintaining the <acronym>VLAN</acronym> configuration easy when many <acronym>VLANs</acronym> are present on a machine. Arabirim adının bir nokta ile ayrılmış <acronym> NIC </acronym> sürücü adını ve <acronym> VLAN </acronym> etiketini nasıl içerdiğini görün. Bu, bir makinede birçok <acronym> VLAN </acronym> bulunduğunda <acronym> VLAN </acronym> yapılandırmasının bakımını kolaylaştırmak için en iyi uygulamadır.
To configure <acronym>VLANs</acronym> at boot time, <filename>/etc/rc.conf</filename> must be updated. To duplicate the configuration above, the following will need to be added: <acronym> VLAN'ları </acronym> önyükleme zamanında yapılandırmak için <filename> /etc/rc.conf </filename> güncellenmelidir. Yukarıdaki yapılandırmayı çoğaltmak için aşağıdakilerin eklenmesi gerekir:
vlans_<replaceable>em0</replaceable>="<replaceable>5</replaceable>"
ifconfig_<replaceable>em0</replaceable>_<replaceable>5</replaceable>="inet 192.168.20.20/24"
vlans_<replaceable>em0</replaceable>="<replaceable>5</replaceable>"
ifconfig_<replaceable>em0</replaceable>_<replaceable>5</replaceable>="inet 192.168.20.20/24"
Additional <acronym>VLANs</acronym> may be added, by simply adding the tag to the <literal>vlans_<replaceable>em0</replaceable></literal> field and adding an additional line configuring the network on that <acronym>VLAN</acronym> tag's interface. Yalnızca <literal>vlans_<replaceable>em0</replaceable> </literal> alanına etiket eklenerek ve bu <acronym> üzerindeki ağı yapılandıran ek bir satır eklenerek ek <acronym> VLANronlar </acronym> eklenebilir. VLAN </acronym> etiketinin arayüzü.

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hostname="<replaceable>hostc.example.org</replaceable>"
ifconfig_<replaceable>fxp0</replaceable>="inet <replaceable>192.168.1.5</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable>"
cloned_interfaces="carp0 carp1"
ifconfig_carp0="vhid <replaceable>1</replaceable> advskew <replaceable>100</replaceable> pass <replaceable>testpass</replaceable> <replaceable>192.168.1.50/24</replaceable>"
ifconfig_carp1="vhid <replaceable>2</replaceable> advskew <replaceable>100</replaceable> pass <replaceable>testpass</replaceable> <replaceable>192.168.1.51/24</replaceable>"
hostname="<replaceable>hostc.example.org</replaceable>"
ifconfig_<replaceable>fxp0</replaceable>="inet <replaceable>192.168.1.5</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable>"
cloned_interfaces="carp0 carp1"
ifconfig_carp0="vhid <replaceable>1</replaceable> advskew <replaceable>100</replaceable> pass <replaceable>testpass</replaceable> <replaceable>192.168.1.50/24</replaceable>"
ifconfig_carp1="vhid <replaceable>2</replaceable> advskew <replaceable>100</replaceable> pass <replaceable>testpass</replaceable> <replaceable>192.168.1.51/24</replaceable>"
4 months ago
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English Turkish (tr_TR)
hostname ana bilgisayar adı FreeBSD Doc
hostname sistem adı FreeBSD Doc
Netmask Alt ağ maskesi FreeBSD Doc

Source information

Source string comment
(itstool) path: sect2/programlisting
Flags
no-wrap
Source string location
book.translate.xml:65535
String age
6 months ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/tr_TR/handbook.po, string 10991