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(itstool) path: sect2/title
FreeBSD Host Access Points
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Context English Turkish (tr_TR) State
Refer to <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ifconfig</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> for further information. Daha fazla bilgi için <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ifconfig</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry> bölümüne bakın.
The <citerefentry><refentrytitle>wpa_supplicant</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> facility can be used to configure a wireless interface with <acronym>WEP</acronym>. The example above can be set up by adding the following lines to <filename>/etc/wpa_supplicant.conf</filename>: <citerefentry><refentrytitle>wpa_supplicant</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry> özelliği, <acronym> WEP </acronym> ile kablosuz bir arayüz yapılandırmak için kullanılabilir. Yukarıdaki örnek, <filename> /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf </filename> klasörüne aşağıdaki satırlar eklenerek ayarlanabilir:
network={
ssid="my_net"
key_mgmt=NONE
wep_key3=3456789012
wep_tx_keyidx=3
}
network={
ssid="my_net"
key_mgmt=NONE
wep_key3=3456789012
wep_tx_keyidx=3
}
Then: Daha sonra:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>wpa_supplicant -i <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> -c /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf</userinput>
Trying to associate with 00:13:46:49:41:76 (SSID='dlinkap' freq=2437 MHz)
Associated with 00:13:46:49:41:76
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>wpa_supplicant -i <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> -c /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf</userinput>
Trying to associate with 00:13:46:49:41:76 (SSID='dlinkap' freq=2437 MHz)
İlişkilidir 00:13:46:49:41:76
Ad-hoc Mode Geçici mod
<acronym>IBSS</acronym> mode, also called ad-hoc mode, is designed for point to point connections. For example, to establish an ad-hoc network between the machines <systemitem>A</systemitem> and <systemitem>B</systemitem>, choose two <acronym>IP</acronym> addresses and a <acronym>SSID</acronym>. Geçici mod olarak da adlandırılan <acronym> IBSS </acronym> modu, noktadan noktaya bağlantılar için tasarlanmıştır. Örneğin, <systemitem> A </systemitem> ve <systemitem> B </systemitem> makineleri arasında geçici bir ağ oluşturmak için iki <acronym> IP </acronym> adresi ve bir <acronym> SSID </ kısaltması>.
On <systemitem>A</systemitem>: Eşittir <systemitem>A</systemitem>:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable> wlanmode adhoc</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> inet <replaceable>192.168.0.1</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> ssid <replaceable>freebsdap</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; metric 0 mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
inet 192.168.0.1 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet autoselect mode 11g &lt;adhoc&gt;
status: running
ssid freebsdap channel 2 (2417 Mhz 11g) bssid 02:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode OPEN privacy OFF txpower 21.5 scanvalid 60
protmode CTS wme burst
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable> wlanmode adhoc</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> inet <replaceable>192.168.0.1</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> ssid <replaceable>freebsdap</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; metric 0 mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
inet 192.168.0.1 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet autoselect mode 11g &lt;adhoc&gt;
status: running
ssid freebsdap channel 2 (2417 Mhz 11g) bssid 02:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode OPEN privacy OFF txpower 21.5 scanvalid 60
protmode CTS wme burst
The <literal>adhoc</literal> parameter indicates that the interface is running in <acronym>IBSS</acronym> mode. <literal> geçici </literal> parametresi, arabirimin <acronym> IBSS </acronym> modunda çalıştığını gösterir.
<systemitem>B</systemitem> should now be able to detect <systemitem>A</systemitem>: <systemitem> B </systemitem> artık <systemitem> A </systemitem> 'i algılayabilmelidir:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable> wlanmode adhoc</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> up scan</userinput>
SSID/MESH ID BSSID CHAN RATE S:N INT CAPS
freebsdap 02:11:95:c3:0d:ac 2 54M -64:-96 100 IS WME
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable> wlanmode adhoc</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> up scan</userinput>
SSID/MESH ID BSSID CHAN RATE S:N INT CAPS
freebsdap 02:11:95:c3:0d:ac 2 54M -64:-96 100 IS WME
The <literal>I</literal> in the output confirms that <systemitem>A</systemitem> is in ad-hoc mode. Now, configure <systemitem>B</systemitem> with a different <acronym>IP</acronym> address: Çıktıdaki <literal> I </literal>, <sistemitem> A </systemitem> 'nin geçici modda olduğunu doğrular. Şimdi <systemitem> B </systemitem> öğesini farklı bir <acronym> IP </acronym> adresiyle yapılandırın:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> inet <replaceable>192.168.0.2</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> ssid <replaceable>freebsdap</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; metric 0 mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:d5:43:62
inet 192.168.0.2 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet autoselect mode 11g &lt;adhoc&gt;
status: running
ssid freebsdap channel 2 (2417 Mhz 11g) bssid 02:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode OPEN privacy OFF txpower 21.5 scanvalid 60
protmode CTS wme burst
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> inet <replaceable>192.168.0.2</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> ssid <replaceable>freebsdap</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; metric 0 mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:d5:43:62
inet 192.168.0.2 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet autoselect mode 11g &lt;adhoc&gt;
status: running
ssid freebsdap channel 2 (2417 Mhz 11g) bssid 02:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode OPEN privacy OFF txpower 21.5 scanvalid 60
protmode CTS wme burst
Both <systemitem>A</systemitem> and <systemitem>B</systemitem> are now ready to exchange information. Hem <systemitem> A </systemitem> hem de <systemitem> B </systemitem> artık bilgi alışverişine hazırdır.
FreeBSD Host Access Points FreeBSD Ana Bilgisayar Erişim Noktaları
FreeBSD can act as an Access Point (<acronym>AP</acronym>) which eliminates the need to buy a hardware <acronym>AP</acronym> or run an ad-hoc network. This can be particularly useful when a FreeBSD machine is acting as a gateway to another network such as the Internet. FreeBSD, bir donanım <acronym> AP </acronym> satın alma veya geçici bir ağ çalıştırma ihtiyacını ortadan kaldıran bir Erişim Noktası (<acronym> AP </acronym>) görevi görebilir. Bu, FreeBSD makinesi İnternet gibi başka bir ağa ağ geçidi görevi gördüğünde özellikle yararlı olabilir.
Before configuring a FreeBSD machine as an <acronym>AP</acronym>, the kernel must be configured with the appropriate networking support for the wireless card as well as the security protocols being used. For more details, see <xref linkend="network-wireless-basic"/>. FreeBSD makinesini bir <acronym> AP </acronym> olarak yapılandırmadan önce, çekirdek, kullanılan güvenlik protokollerinin yanı sıra kablosuz kart için uygun ağ desteği ile yapılandırılmalıdır. Daha fazla ayrıntı için bkz. <Xref linkend = "ağ-kablosuz-temel" />.
The <acronym>NDIS</acronym> driver wrapper for <trademark class="registered">Windows</trademark> drivers does not currently support <acronym>AP</acronym> operation. Only native FreeBSD wireless drivers support <acronym>AP</acronym> mode. <Trademark class = "registered"> Windows </trademark> sürücüleri için <acronym> NDIS </acronym> sürücü sarmalayıcısı şu anda <acronym> AP </acronym> işlemini desteklemiyor. Yalnızca yerel FreeBSD kablosuz sürücüleri <acronym> AP </acronym> modunu destekler.
Once wireless networking support is loaded, check if the wireless device supports the host-based access point mode, also known as hostap mode: Kablosuz ağ desteği yüklendikten sonra, kablosuz cihazın hostap modu olarak da bilinen ana bilgisayar tabanlı erişim noktası modunu destekleyip desteklemediğini kontrol edin:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> list caps</userinput>
drivercaps=6f85edc1&lt;STA,FF,TURBOP,IBSS,HOSTAP,AHDEMO,TXPMGT,SHSLOT,SHPREAMBLE,MONITOR,MBSS,WPA1,WPA2,BURST,WME,WDS,BGSCAN,TXFRAG&gt;
cryptocaps=1f&lt;WEP,TKIP,AES,AES_CCM,TKIPMIC&gt;
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable></userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> list caps</userinput>
drivercaps=6f85edc1&lt;STA,FF,TURBOP,IBSS,HOSTAP,AHDEMO,TXPMGT,SHSLOT,SHPREAMBLE,MONITOR,MBSS,WPA1,WPA2,BURST,WME,WDS,BGSCAN,TXFRAG&gt;
cryptocaps=1f&lt;WEP,TKIP,AES,AES_CCM,TKIPMIC&gt;
This output displays the card's capabilities. The <literal>HOSTAP</literal> word confirms that this wireless card can act as an <acronym>AP</acronym>. Various supported ciphers are also listed: <acronym>WEP</acronym>, <acronym>TKIP</acronym>, and <acronym>AES</acronym>. This information indicates which security protocols can be used on the <acronym>AP</acronym>. Bu çıkış kartın özelliklerini görüntüler. <literal> HOSTAP </literal> sözcüğü, bu kablosuz kartın bir <acronym> AP </acronym> görevi yapabileceğini doğrular. Çeşitli desteklenen şifreler de listelenmiştir: <acronym> WEP </acronym>, <acronym> TKIP </acronym> ve <acronym> AES </acronym>. Bu bilgi, <acronym> AP </acronym> üzerinde hangi güvenlik protokollerinin kullanılabileceğini gösterir.
The wireless device can only be put into hostap mode during the creation of the network pseudo-device, so a previously created device must be destroyed first: Kablosuz aygıt yalnızca ağ sahte aygıtının oluşturulması sırasında rehin moduna alınabilir, bu nedenle önce oluşturulan bir aygıtın önce imha edilmesi gerekir:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> destroy</userinput> <prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> destroy</userinput>
then regenerated with the correct option before setting the other parameters: daha sonra diğer parametreleri ayarlamadan önce doğru seçenekle yeniden oluşturuldu:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable> wlanmode hostap</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> inet <replaceable>192.168.0.1</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> ssid <replaceable>freebsdap</replaceable> mode 11g channel 1</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> create wlandev <replaceable>ath0</replaceable> wlanmode hostap</userinput>
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> inet <replaceable>192.168.0.1</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> ssid <replaceable>freebsdap</replaceable> mode 11g channel 1</userinput>
Use <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ifconfig</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum></citerefentry> again to see the status of the <filename>wlan0</filename> interface: <filename> wlan0 </filename> arayüzünün durumunu görmek için tekrar <citerefentry><refentrytitle>ifconfig</refentrytitle><manvolnum>8</manvolnum> </citerefentry> kullanın:
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; metric 0 mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
inet 192.168.0.1 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet autoselect mode 11g &lt;hostap&gt;
status: running
ssid freebsdap channel 1 (2412 Mhz 11g) bssid 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode OPEN privacy OFF txpower 21.5 scanvalid 60
protmode CTS wme burst dtimperiod 1 -dfs
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>ifconfig <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable></userinput>
wlan0: flags=8843&lt;UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; metric 0 mtu 1500
ether 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
inet 192.168.0.1 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet autoselect mode 11g &lt;hostap&gt;
status: running
ssid freebsdap channel 1 (2412 Mhz 11g) bssid 00:11:95:c3:0d:ac
country US ecm authmode OPEN privacy OFF txpower 21.5 scanvalid 60
protmode CTS wme burst dtimperiod 1 -dfs
The <literal>hostap</literal> parameter indicates the interface is running in the host-based access point mode. <literal> hostap </literal> parametresi, arabirimin ana bilgisayar tabanlı erişim noktası modunda çalıştığını gösterir.
The interface configuration can be done automatically at boot time by adding the following lines to <filename>/etc/rc.conf</filename>: Arayüz yapılandırması, önyükleme sırasında <filename> /etc/rc.conf </filename> dosyasına aşağıdaki satırlar eklenerek otomatik olarak yapılabilir:
wlans_ath0="wlan0"
create_args_wlan0="wlanmode hostap"
ifconfig_wlan0="inet <replaceable>192.168.0.1</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> ssid <replaceable>freebsdap</replaceable> mode 11g channel <replaceable>1</replaceable>"
wlans_ath0="wlan0"
create_args_wlan0="wlanmode hostap"
ifconfig_wlan0="inet <replaceable>192.168.0.1</replaceable> netmask <replaceable>255.255.255.0</replaceable> ssid <replaceable>freebsdap</replaceable> mode 11g channel <replaceable>1</replaceable>"

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FreeBSD Host Access Points
FreeBSD Ana Bilgisayar Erişim Noktaları
4 months ago
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Glossary

English Turkish (tr_TR)
access erişim,erişmek FreeBSD Doc
administrative access yönetici erişimi FreeBSD Doc
Discretionary Access Control (DAC) İsteğe Bağlı Erişim Kontrolü FreeBSD Doc
FreeBSD branch FreeBSD şubesi FreeBSD Doc
host ana bilgisayar FreeBSD Doc
host system ana bilgisayar sistemi FreeBSD Doc
Local host Yerel hizmet bilgisayarı FreeBSD Doc
mandatory access control zorunlu erişim denetimi FreeBSD Doc
mount point bağlama noktası FreeBSD Doc
mount point takma noktası FreeBSD Doc
privileged access ayrıcalıklı erişim FreeBSD Doc

Source information

Source string comment
(itstool) path: sect2/title
Source string location
book.translate.xml:63962
String age
6 months ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/tr_TR/handbook.po, string 10457